Vesicointestinal fistula

A vesicointestinal fistula (or intestinovesical fistula) is a form of fistula between the bladder and the bowel.


A fistula involving the bladder can have one of many specific names, describing the specific location of its outlet:

  • bladder and intestine: "vesicoenteric", "enterovesical", or "vesicointestinal" (, GE)
  • bladder and colon: "vesicocolic" or "colovesical" ()
  • bladder and rectum: "vesicorectal" or "rectovesical" ()


If fecal matter passes through the fistula into the bladder, the existence of the fistula may be revealed by pneumaturia or fecaluria.

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