Definitions

february daphne

Pluviôse

[ploo-vee-ohs; Fr. ply-vyohz]
Pluviôse (also Pluviose) was the fifth month in the French Republican Calendar. The month was named after the Latin word pluviosus, which means rain.

Pluviôse was the second month of the winter quarter (mois d'hiver). It started between January 20 and January 22. It ended between February 18 and February 20. It follows the Nivôse and precedes the Ventôse.

The new names for the calendar were suggested by Fabre d'Églantine on October 24 1793. On November 24 the National Convention accepted the names with minor changes. So it was decided to omit the circumflex (accent circonflexe) in the names of the winter monthes. So the month was named Pluviose instead of Pluviôse. Historiography still prefers the spelling Pluviôse.

Day Name Table

Like all FRC months Pluviôse lasted 30 days and was divided into three 10-day weeks called décades (decades). Every day had the name of an agricultural plant, except the 5th (Quintidi) and 10th day (Decadi) of every decade, which had the name of a domestic animal (Quintidi) or an agricultural tool (Decadi).

  1re Décade 2e Décade 3e Décade
Primidi 1. Lauréole (Spurge Laurel) 11. Ellébore (Hellebore) 21. Thlaspi (Pennycress)
Duodi 2. Mousse (Moss) 12. Brocoli (Broccoli) 22. Thimelé (Rose Daphne)
Tridi 3. Fragon (Butcher's Broom) 13. Laurier (Laurel) 23. Chiendent (Couchgrass)
Quartidi 4. Perce Neige (Snowdrop) 14. Avelinier (Cobnut) 24. Traînasse (Knotweed)
Quintidi 5. Taureau (Bull) 15. Vache (Cow) 25. Lièvre (Hare)
Sextidi 6. Laurier Thym (Bay Thyme) 16. Buis (Boxwood) 26. Guèdre (Dyer's Woad)
Septidi 7. Amadouvier (Tinder Fungus) 17. Lichen (Iceland Moss) 27. Noisetier (Hazelnut)
Octidi 8. Mézéréon (February Daphne) 18. If (Yew) 28. Cyclamen (Sowbread)
Nonidi 9. Peuplier (Poplar) 19. Pulmonaire (Lungwort) 29. Chélidoine (Celandine)
Decadi 10. Coignée (Hatchet) 20. Serpette (Pruning Knife) 30. Traineau (Sleigh)

Conversion Table

Table for conversion between Republican and Gregorian Calendar
for the month "Pluviôse"
I. II. III. V. VI. VII.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
January 1793 1794 1795 1797 1798 1799 February
IV. VIII. IX. X. XI. XIII.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19
January 1796 1800 1801 1802 1803 1805 February
XII.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
January 1804 February

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