may refer to the following people
- Amir Peretz (born 1952), former Defense Minister and Labour Party leader in Israel
- I.L. Peretz, (1852–1915), a modernist Yiddish language author and playwright
- Jesse Peretz (born 1968), rock video director and son of Martin
- Martin Peretz (born 1938), Harvard University lecturer and owner of The New Republic
- Omer Peretz (born 1986), Israel U21 footballer and son of Vicky
- Peretz Smolenskin, (1842–1885), a Russian Jewish novelist
- Peretz Hirshbein, (1880–1948), a Yiddish-language playwright
- Peretz Markish, (1895 - 1952), a Soviet Yiddish-language poet.
- Vicky Peretz (born 1953), former Israeli international footballer
Other similar names
- David Paretz, a Bulgarian painter
- Perec (a Slavonic name) (occasionally, pronounced faultily like [perek])
- Pharez used in the Book of Genesis (also written as Peretz, Perets)
- Perez and Peres (an Iberian family name, confused by some writers with a similar term meaning 'son of the father' and by others with a patronymic for "child of Peter"). Perez is the Spanish form of the Hebrew family name Peretz. It was adopted as a family name by Spanish Hebrew (Sephardi Jews) families during a time of religious intolerance (1318 c.e.) in Spain. The name is also one of the names of the Messiah in Rabbinic tradition. It is a common family name among descendants of Spanish Jewish families that converted during the Inquisition.