First appearing in historical records in 102, Siljik was at that time an independent state strong enough to contest for territory with faroff Eumjipbeol-guk in present-day Gyeongsan. Later, it was absorbed into Silla, permanently losing its independence no later than the early 6th century.
Siljik stood on the border between Goguryeo and Silla spheres of influence in the early Three Kingdoms period, making it of great strategic interest to both countries. For a time in the 6th century, it was overseen by noted Silla general Yi Sabu.
Only one Siljik ruler's name has come down to the present day, that of King Anil, after whom a mountain fortress in Uljin is named. In addition, the title of "King of Siljik" was revived by Taejo at the beginning of the Goryeo dynasty. He bestowed this title on Kim Wi-ong, a scion of the Silla royal house. Kim's tomb remains in Samcheok today.
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