William Everett Preston
(September 2 1946
– June 6 2006
) was an American soul musician
from Houston, Texas
, raised mostly in Los Angeles, California
. In addition to his successful, Grammy
-winning career as a solo artist, Preston collaborated with some of the greatest names in the music industry, including the Beatles
, the Rolling Stones
, Nat King Cole
, Little Richard
, Ray Charles
, George Harrison
, Elton John
, Eric Clapton
, Bob Dylan
, Sam Cooke
, King Curtis
, Sammy Davis Jr.
, Sly Stone
, Aretha Franklin
, the Jackson 5
, Quincy Jones
, Richie Sambora
, and Red Hot Chili Peppers
. He played the Fender Rhodes
electric piano and the Hammond organ
on the Get Back sessions
Preston is the only non-Beatle to receiving billing as an artist alongside the Beatles (as distinct from receiving credit as a session musician on album packaging) on an official Beatles record release. The label of the Get Back single credits the artists on the record as "The Beatles with Billy Preston".
Preston began playing piano
while sitting on his mother's lap at age three, and he was considered something of a prodigy
on piano and organ. By the age of 10 he was performing in the bands of gospel singers Mahalia Jackson
and James Cleveland
. At age 12 he appeared in the 1958 Paramount Pictures
film St. Louis Blues
, portraying blues composer W.C. Handy
as a young man. In the 1960s he performed with Little Richard
and Ray Charles
. He also began a recording career as a solo artist with the 1965 album The Most Exciting Organ Ever
. He was also a regular on the mid-1960s ABC-TV musical variety series Shindig!
as a member of the show's house band.
Relationship with the Beatles
Preston is one of several people sometimes referred to by outsiders as "the Fifth Beatle"- though he was never described as such by any of the four Beatles. Preston first met the Beatles in 1962 as part of Little Richard's touring band when their manager Brian Epstein organized a Liverpool show, for which the Beatles opened. The Washington Post explained their subsequent meeting:
Preston played with the Beatles for several of the Get Back sessions, some of the material from which would latter be culled to make the film Let it Be and its companion album, during which he joined the band for its rooftop concert, its final public appearance. "Get Back", one of the album's singles, was credited to "the Beatles with Billy Preston". The only time such a joint credit had been given on an official Beatles-sanctioned release (as distinct from an unsanctioned reissue of some Hamburg-era recordings on which they were the backing group for Tony Sheridan). Preston also worked (in a more limited role) on the Abbey Road album, contributing to the track "I Want You (She's So Heavy)" and "Here Comes the Sun".
Years later, he appeared as Sgt. Pepper in Robert Stigwood's Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band, a film very loosely based on the Beatles' Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band album.
Signed to the Beatles' Apple
label, in 1969, Preston released the album That's the Way God Planned It
and a single of the same name (produced by George Harrison
). His relationship with Harrison continued after the breakup of The Beatles; he was the first artist to record "My Sweet Lord
", in his album Encouraging Words
(Harrison's own version of the single hit number one in the U.S. and the UK and was the first number one by a former Beatle after they disbanded) and he was on several of Harrison's 1970s solo albums. Preston also made notable contributions to The Concert for Bangladesh
, the Harrison-organized charity concert, toured with Harrison on his 1974 tour of North America
and, after Harrison's death, The Concert for George
. Preston also worked on solo recordings by two other ex-Beatles, John Lennon
and Ringo Starr
His solo career also peaked at this time, beginning with 1972's "Outa-Space", an instrumental track that further popularized the sound of the clavinet in funk music. The song reached #2 in the U.S. and won the Grammy award for Best Pop Instrumental Performance.
Over the next two years, he followed up with the #1 hits "Will It Go Round In Circles" and "Nothing From Nothing", and the #4 hit "Space Race". American Bandstand host and executive producer Dick Clark enjoyed "Space Race" to the extent that he used the instrumental for the mid-show break for virtually the remainder of its run.
After the Beatles, Preston played keyboards for the Rolling Stones, alongside pianist Nicky Hopkins. Preston appears on the Stones' albums Sticky Fingers, Exile on Main Street, Goats Head Soup, It's Only Rock'n Roll and Black and Blue. He toured as a support act on their 1973 European Tour and recorded his live album Live European Tour 1973 in Munich with Mick Taylor on guitar. In 1974 he composed one of Joe Cocker's biggest hits, "You Are So Beautiful". On October 11, 1975, he was a musical guest on Saturday Night Live's series premiere episode (along with Janis Ian). Also in that year, and in 1976, he again toured with the Stones. This time he played two of his own songs, backed by the Stones, in the middle of every concert. The Stones and Preston parted company in 1977, mainly due to a row over money. He continued to play on solo records by Stones members and made appearances again on the Stones' 1981 Tattoo You and 1997 Bridges to Babylon albums.
He had a hit single in 1980 with Syreeta Wright with the ballad "With You I'm Born Again" that reached number four on the charts. A few years later, however, he was arrested and convicted for insurance fraud after setting fire to his own house in Los Angeles, and he was treated for alcohol and cocaine addictions. In 1991, Preston was arrested in Los Angeles after physically attacking a teenage transvestite prostitute after he discovered that the prostitute's real age and sex. After going over a drug test, he tested positive for cocaine. That year, he entered no-contest pleas to the cocaine and assault charges. He was sentenced to nine months at a drug rehabilitation center and three months of house arrest.
Preston overcame his problems in the early 1990s, toured with Eric Clapton, and recorded with a wide range of artists. He also toured with Ringo Starr and appeared on the 1990 live album Ringo Starr and His All-Starr Band. He was also invited to become a member of The Band in 1991, after the death of their piano player, Stan Szelest. He completed a tour, but his above-mentioned legal problems put an end to the collaboration before they had a chance to record together in the studio.
While touring and fighting his own health issues, Preston received the news that on 29 November, 2001, his longtime bandmate, friend and guitarist of the 1960s, George Harrison had died after a long battle with throat cancer. Preston, among many of Harrison's longtime friends, performed in the 2002 Concert for George in London, England, to play a tribute song.
Preston participated in the concert at the Royal Albert Hall, and his performance of "My Sweet Lord" has received critical acclaim. Preston played the Hammond Organ for the show and sang "Isn't It A Pity" and "My Sweet Lord" plus backing vocals to most of the songs. Ringo Starr called him one of the greatest Hammond players of all time (in the theatrical version of the concert).
In 2002 he appeared on the Johnny Cash album American IV: The Man Comes Around, playing piano on "Personal Jesus".
He toured with The Funk Brothers and Stevie Winwood in Europe in early 2004 and then with his friend Eric Clapton in Europe and North America. It has been claimed that his big contribution to the Beatles' sound was made clear with the release of the Let It Be... Naked album.
In 2005 he recorded "Go Where No One's Gone Before", the main title song for the anime series L/R: Licensed by Royalty.
Preston played clavinet on the song "Warlocks" for the Red Hot Chili Peppers album Stadium Arcadium released in 2006. Although very ill by this point, he jumped out of his bed after hearing a tape of the song given to him by the band, recorded his part, and went back to bed. Preston's final contributions were the gospel-tinged organ on the Neil Diamond album 12 Songs, and his keyboard work on The Road to Escondido by Eric Clapton and J. J. Cale.
In March 2005, Preston appeared on the American Idol's fourth season finale. Playing piano, he performed "With You I'm Born Again" with Vonzell Solomon, who finished in third place.
Preston made his last public appearance in late 2005 at the Los Angeles press junket for the re-release of the Concert for Bangladesh movie. He was in good spirits and talked to many in the press. Afterwards he played a three song set of "Give Me Love", "My Sweet Lord" and "Isn't It a Pity", featuring Dhani Harrison on guitar and Ringo Starr on drums for the final song only.
There still remains an unreleased CD of Beatles covers that he had been working on for several years before his death. Many tracks from this CD were previewed by him at The Fest For Beatles Fans shows in the years before his death.
Preston had battled kidney disease
in his later years, brought on by his hypertension. He received a kidney transplant in 2002, but his health continued to deteriorate. He died on June 6
in Scottsdale, Arizona
, of complications of malignant hypertension
that resulted in kidney failure and other complications. He had voluntarily entered a drug rehabilitation clinic in Malibu, Calif., and suffered pericarditis there, leading to respiratory failure that left him in a coma since November 21
. His funeral was held on June 20 at the Faithful Central Bible Church
in Inglewood, California
. Preston was interred at Inglewood Park Cemetery
, Inglewood, California
- (1962) Sixteen Years Old Soul
- (1965) Hymns Speak from the Organ
- (1973) Gospel In My Soul (Re-edition of Hymns Speak from the organ)
- (1978) Behold!
- (1980) Universal Love
- (1994) Ministry of Music
- (1995) Minister of Music
- (1996) Words and Music
- (2001) Music From My Heart
- 1969: "That's the Way God Planned It" - US Pop #62, UK #11
- 1971: "My Sweet Lord" - US Pop #90, US R&B #23
- 1972: "I Wrote a Simple Song" - US Pop #77
- 1972: "Outa-Space" - US Pop #2, US R&B #1, UK #44
- 1972: "That's the Way God Planned It" (re-release) - US Pop #65
- 1972: "Slaughter" - US Pop #50, US R&B #17
- 1973: "Will It Go Round in Circles" - US Pop #1, US R&B #10
- 1973: "Space Race" - US Pop #4, US R&B #1
- 1974: "You're So Unique" - US Pop #48, US R&B #11
- 1974: "Nothing from Nothing" - US Pop #1, US R&B #8
- 1974" "Struttin'" - US Pop #22, US R&B #11
- 1975: "Fancy Lady" - US Pop #71, US R&B #11
- 1977: "Wide Stride" - US R&B #33
- 1978: "Get Back" - US Pop #86
- 1979: "With You I'm Born Again" (with Syreeta Wright) - US Pop #4, UK #2
- 1980: "One More Time for Love" (with Syreeta Wright) - US Pop #52
- 1982: "I'm Never Gonna Say Goodbye" - US Pop #88
As a guest/session performer
- (1963) Night Beat (Sam Cooke)
- (1969) Get Back and Don't Let Me Down (The Beatles)
- (1970) All Things Must Pass (George Harrison)
- (1970) John Lennon/Plastic Ono Band, piano on "God" (John Lennon)
- (1971) Sticky Fingers (Rolling Stones)
- (1971) The Concert for Bangla Desh (George Harrison And Friends)
- (1971) There's a Riot Goin' On (Sly & the Family Stone)
- (1971) Live at Fillmore West (King Curtis & Aretha Franklin)
- (1971) Barbara Joan Streisand, Billy plays keyboards, drums
- (1972) Exile on Main Street (Rolling Stones)
- (1972) Wind of Change, Billy plays piano, keyboards, harpsichord, accordion (Peter Frampton)
- (1973) Ringo, organ on "I'm The Greatest"
- (1973) Goats Head Soup (Rolling Stones)
- (1974) Goodnight Vienna, clavinet on the title track, electric piano on "Only You (And You Alone)"
- (1974) It's Only Rock'n Roll (Rolling Stones)
- (1975) "You Are So Beautiful" (Joe Cocker's biggest hit)
- (1976) Thirty Three & 1/3 (George Harrison)
- (1976) Black and Blue (Rolling Stones)
- (1978) Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band (also acted the part "Sgt. Pepper" in the film)
- (1981) Tattoo You (Rolling Stones)
- (1986) "Great Gosh A'Mighty (Been A Long Time Comin')" (co-written with Little Richard - from the hit motion picture 'Down And Out in Beverly Hills'. Little Richard - vocal.)
- (1990) Ringo Starr and His All-Starr Band (Billy plays keyboards and vocals)
- (1990) Giovani Jovanotti (Jovanotti) (Billy plays keyboards & Fender Rhodes)
- (1991) ...E La Vita Continua (Nino D'Angelo)
- (1996) "Voyage of Dreams" - Jephté Guillaume and the Tet Kale Orkestra (Billy plays Organ, Strings on Al Di Yo, Go Tell Them, Kanpe, Get Up)
- (1997) Bridges to Babylon (Rolling Stones)
- (1998) Undiscovered Soul (Richie Sambora)
- (2000) The Harsh Light of Day (Fastball) (Billy played keyboards on "You're An Ocean")
- (2001) Songs From The West Coast - Elton John ("Electric organ" on "I Want Love", "The Wasteland"; "Love Her Like Me")
- (2001) Reptile (Eric Clapton)
- (2001) One More Car, One More Rider (Eric Clapton, live) --DVD includes live performance of Will It Go Round in Circles
- (2003) The Colored Section (Donnie) (Billy plays Hammond B3 on the last track: "The Colored Section")
- (2003) Concert for George -- including Isn't It a Pity and My Sweet Lord
- (2003) Get Born (Jet)
- (2004) Me and Mr. Johnson (Eric Clapton) (also appears in the DVD companion Sessions for Robert J)
- (2004) Eric Clapton: Crossroads Guitar Festival (Eric Clapton)
- (2004) Genius Loves Company (Ray Charles)
- (2005) 12 Songs (Neil Diamond)
- (2005) Back Home (Eric Clapton)
- (2005) Choose Love (Ringo Starr)
- (2005) The Concert for Bangladesh (George Harrison and Friends) (Re-mastered version & video)
- (2006) Stadium Arcadium (Red Hot Chili Peppers) (on "Warlocks")
- (2006) The Road to Escondido (J. J. Cale and Eric Clapton)