Definitions

family suidae

List of mammals of India

This is a list of mammals found in India. The taxonomic order is based on Wilson and Reeder (1993) and this list is largely based on Nameer (2000).

The mammals of India range in size from the Eurasian pygmy shrew (Sorex minutus) to the Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus). Many of the carnivores and larger mammals are restricted in their distribution to forests in protected areas, while others live within the cities in the close proximity of humans.

Some species are common to the point of being considered vermin while others are exceedingly rare. Many species are known from just a few specimens in museums collected in the 1800s and 1900s. These enigmatic species include nocturnal small mammals such as the Malabar Civet (Viverra megaspila). While the status of many of these species is unknown, some are definitely extinct. Two species of Rhinoceros are extinct within the Indian region but the remaining species has its last stronghold within India. The Asiatic Cheetah is believed to have gone extinct.

ORDER: Insectivora

Family Erinaceidae: Hedgehogs

  1. Longeared desert hedgehog (Hemiechinus collaris) (Gray, 1830)
  2. Brandt's hedgehog (Hemiechinus hypomelas)
  3. Indian Pale Hedgehog Paraechinus micropus (Blyth (1846)
    1. Madras Hedgehog Paraechinus micropus nudiventris (Horsfiled, 1851) (endemic)

Family Talpidae: Moles

  1. Blyth's mole (Talpa leucura) (=White-tailed Mole Parascaptor leucura (Blyth, 1850))
  2. Eastern mole (Talpa micrura) (=Himalayan (Short-tailed) Mole Euroscaptor micrura (Hodgson, 1841))

Family Soricidae: Shrews

Soricinae

  1. Mole Shrew Anourosorex squamipes Milne-Edwards, 1872
  2. Himalayan Water Shrew (Chimarrogale himalayica) (Gray, 1842)
  3. Sikkim (Tibetan, Elegant) Water Shrew Nectogale elegans Milne-Edwards, 1870.
  4. Eurasian pygmy shrew (Sorex minutus) Linnaeus, 1766
  5. Flat-headed (Kashmir) Shrew (Sorex planiceps) Miller, 1911
  6. Asiatic shrew/Hodgson's brown-toothed shrew (Soriculus caudatus) (Horsfield, 1851)
  7. Indian long-tailed shrew (Soriculus leucops) (Horsfield, 1851)
  8. Small long-tailed shrew/Arboreal brown-toothed shrew (Soriculus macrurus) Blanford, 1888
  9. Sikkim large-clawed shrew (Soriculus nigrescens) (Gray, 1842)

Crocidurinae

  1. White-toothed Andaman shrew (Crocidura andamanensis) Miller,1902
  2. Grey shrew (Crocidura attenuata) Milne-Edwards, 1872.
  3. Southeast Asian White-toothed shrew (Crocidura fuliginosa) (Blyth, 1856)
  4. Horsfield's shrew (Crocidura horsfieldi) (Tomes,1856)
  5. Andaman spiny shrew (Crocidura hispida) Thomas, 1913.
  6. Jenkin's shrew (Crocidura jenkinsi) Chakraborthy,1978
  7. Bicoloured White-toothed Shrew Crocidura leucodon (Zimmermann, 1780).
  8. Nicobar shrew (Crocidura nicobarica) Miller, 1902.
  9. Pale Grey Shrew Crocidura pergrisea Miller, 1913.
  10. Kashmir White-toothed Shrew Crocidura pullata Miller, 1911.
  11. Kelaart's Long-clawed Shrew Feroculus feroculus (Kelaart, 1850).
  12. Musk shrew (Suncus dayi) (Dobson, 1888). (endemic)
  13. Savi's pygmy shrew (Suncus etruscus) (Savi, 1822).
  14. House shrew/Musk shrew (Suncus murinus) (Linnaeus, 1766).
  15. Hill Shrew Suncus montanus (Kelaart, 1850). (endemic S. India and Sri Lanka)
  16. Anderson's shrew/Yellowthroated shrew (Suncus stoliczkanus) (Anderson, 1877).

ORDER: Scandentia

Family Tupaiidae: Treeshrews

Tupaiinae

  1. Indian Treeshrew (Anathana ellioti) (Waterhouse, 1850)
  2. Northern Treeshrew (Tupaia belangeri) (Wagner, 1841)
  3. Nicobar Treeshrew (Tupaia nicobarica) (Zelebor,1869).

ORDER: Chiroptera: Bats

Family Pteropodidae: Fruit Bats

  1. Malaysian Fruit Bat (Cynopterus brachyotis) (Muller,1838)
  2. Short-nosed Fruit Bat (Cynopterus sphinx) (Vahl,1797)
  3. Salim Ali's Fruit Bat (Latidens salimalii) Thonglongya, 1972
  4. Dawn Bat (Eonycteris spelaea) (Dobson, 1871)
  5. Niphan's tailless Fruit Bat (Megaerops niphanae) Yenbutra and Felten, 1983.
  6. White-collared tailless Fruit Bat (Megaerops wetmorei)
  7. Nicobar/Erabu flying fox (Pteropus faunulus) Miller,1902.
  8. Indian flying fox (Pteropus giganteus) (Brunnich,1782).
  9. Christmas Island flying fox (Pteropus melanotus) Blyth,1863
  10. Golden-capped Fruit Bat (Pteropus vampyrus) (Linnaeus,1758).
  11. Egyptian Fruit Bat (Rousettus egyptiacus)
  12. Fulvous Fruit Bat (Rousettus leschenaulti) (Desmarest, 1820).
  13. Mountain Fruit Bat (Sphaerias blanfordi) (Thomas, 1891)
  14. Greater long-tongued Fruit Bat (Macroglossus sobrinus) K.Anderson, 1911

Family Rhinopomatidae: Mouse-tailed Bats

  1. Small mouse-tailed Bat (Rhinopoma hardwickii ) Gray, 1831
  2. Mouse-tailed Bat (Rhinopoma microphyllum) (Brunnich, 1782)

Family Emballonuridae: Sheath-tailed Bats

  1. Long-armed sheath-tailed Bat (Taphozous longimanus) Hardwicke, 1825
  2. Black-bearded sheath-tailed Bat (Taphozous melanopogon ) Temminck, 1841
  3. Naked-rumped Tomb Bat (Taphozous nudiventris ) Cretzschmar, 1830
  4. Tomb Bat/Egyptian Tomb Bat (Taphozous perforatus ) E. Geoffroy, 1818
  5. Sheath-tailed Bat (Taphozous saccolaimus ) (Temminck, 1838)
  6. Theobald's Tomb Bat (Taphozous theobaldi) Dobson, 1872

Family Megadermatidae: False Vampire Bats

  1. Indian false vampire Bat (Megaderma lyra) E. Geoffroy, 1810
  2. Asian false vampire Bat (Megaderma spasma) (Linnaeus, 1758)

Family Rhinolophidae: Horseshoe Bats

  1. Intermediate horseshoe bat/Acuminate horseshoe Bat (Rhinolophus affinis) Horsfield, 1823
  2. Kindred horseshoe Bat (Rhinolophus cognatus) K. Andersen, 1906
  3. Greater horseshoe Bat (Rhinolophus ferrumequinum) (Schreber, 1774)
  4. Lesser horseshoe Bat (Rhinolophus hipposideros) (Bechstein, 1800).
  5. Blyth's horseshoe Bat (Rhinolophus lepidus) Blyth, 1844.
  6. Great Indian horseshoe Bat (Rhinolophus luctus) Temminck, 1835
  7. Mitred Horseshoe Bat Rhinolophus mitratus Blyth, 1844 (endemic to Bihar)
  8. Horsfield's horseshoe Bat (Rhinolophus pearsonii) Horsfield, 1851
  9. Least horseshoe Bat (Rhinolophus pusillus ) Temminck, 1834
  10. Rufous horseshoe Bat (Rhinolophus rouxi) Temminck, 1835
  11. Chestnut horseshoe Bat (Rhinolophus subbadius) Blyth, 1844
  12. Trefoil horseshoe Bat (Rhinolophus trifoliatus) Temminck, 1834
  13. Dobson's horseshoe Bat (Rhinolophus yunanensis) Dobson, 1872

Family Hipposideridae: Leaf-nosed Bats

  1. Tailless leaf-nosed Bat (Coelops frithi) Blyth, 1848
  2. Great Himalayan leaf-nosed Bat (Hipposideros armiger) (Hodgson, 1835)
  3. Dusky leaf-nosed Bat (Hipposideros ater) Templeton, 1848
  4. Least round-leaf horse-shoe Bat (Hipposideros cineraceus) Blyth, 1853 = Old World leaf-nosed Bat (Hipposideros durgadasi) Corbet and Hill (1992)
  5. Large Malayan leaf-nosed Bat (Hipposideros diadema) E.Geoffroy, 1813
  6. Fulvous leaf-nosed Bat (Hipposideros fulvus) Gray, 1838.
  7. Common round-leaf horse-shoe Bat (Hipposideros galeritus) Cantor, 1846.
  8. Great Ceylon leaf-nosed Bat (Hipposideros lankadiva) Kelaart, 1850.
  9. Intermediate round-leaf Bat (Hipposideros larvatus) (Horsfield, 1823).
  10. Round-leaf Bat (Hipposideros pomona) K. Andersen, 1918.
  11. Split round-leaf Bat/Bellary Leaf-nosed Bat (Hipposideros schistaceus) K. Andersen, 1918.
  12. Schneider's round-leaf Bat (Hipposideros speoris) (Schneider, 1800).

Family Vespertilionidae: Evening Bats

  1. Asian/Eastern Barbestelle Bat (Barbastella leucomelas) (Cretzschmar, 1830).
  2. Bobinskii's Serotine Eptesicus nilssoni (endemic) (Kashmir) (Keyserling and Blasius, 1839) = Northern Serotine Bat (Eptesicus gobiensis) Corbet and Hill, (1992)
  3. Dobson's Bat (Eptesicus pachyotis) (Dobson, 1871)
  4. Common Serotine Bat (Eptesicus serotinus) (Schreber, 1774).
  5. Tate's Serotine Bat (Eptesicus tatei) Ellerman and Morrison-Scott, 1951.
  6. Tickell's Bat (Hesperoptenus tickelli) (Blyth, 1851).
  7. Not Available (Hesperoptenus blanfordi)
  8. Great Evening Bat (Ia io) Thomas, 1902.
  9. Hairy-faced Bat (Myotis annectans) (Dobson, 1871)
  10. Lesser mouse-eared Bat (Myotis blythii) (Tomes, 1857)
  11. Daubenton's Bat (Myotis daubentonii) (Kuhl, 1817).
  12. Korean orange-whiskered Bat (Myotis formosus) (Hodgson, 1835).
  13. Large-footed Bat (Myotis hasseltii) (Temminck, 1840).
  14. Horsfield's myotis Bat (Myotis horsfieldii) (Temminck, 1840).
  15. Long-fingered Bat (Myotis longipes) (Dobson, 1873).
  16. Large brown myotis Bat (Myotis montivagus) (Dobson, 1874).
  17. Dark-whiskered Bat (Myotis muricola) (Gray, 1846).
  18. Whiskered Bat (Myotis mystacinus) (Kuhl, 1817).
  19. Peshwa bat (Myotis peshwa) (Thomas, 1915).
  20. Ridley's Bat (Myotis ridleyi)
  21. Little brown Bat (Myotis sicarius) Thomas, 1915
  22. Small-toothed whiskered Bat (Myotis siligorensis) (Horsfield, 1855).
  23. Leisler's noctule/hairyarmed Bat (Nyctalus leisleri) (Kuhl, 1817).
  24. Medium-sized noctule (Nyctalus montanus) (Barrett-Hamilton, 1906)
  25. Common noctule (Nyctalus noctula) (Schreber, 1774)
  26. Hemprich's long-eared Bat (Otonycteris hemprichii) Peters, 1859
  27. Dormer's Pipistrelle Bat Pipistrellus dormeri (Dobson, 1875) =Dormer's Bat (Scotozous dormeri)
  28. Dobson's chocolate (brown) Bat (Pipistrellus affinis) (Dobson, 1871)
  29. Cadorna's pipistrelle (Pipistrellus cadornae) Thomas, 1916
  30. Kelaart's pipistrelle (Pipistrellus ceylonicus) (Kelaart, 1852)
  31. Indian pipistrelle (Pipistrellus coromandra) (Gray, 1838).
  32. Himalayan pipistrelle (Pipistrellus javanicus) (Gray, 1838)
  33. Kuhl's pipistrelle (Pipistrellus kuhlii) (Kuhl, 1817).
  34. Thomas' pipistrelle (Pipistrellus paterculus) Thomas, 1915
  35. Common pipistrelle (Pipistrellus pipistrellus) (Schreber, 1774)
  36. Savi's pipistrelle (Pipistrellus savii) (Bonaparte, 1837)
  37. Least pipistrelle (Pipistrellus tenuis) (Temminck, 1840)
  38. Brown longeared Bat (Plecotus auritus) (Linnaeus, 1758)
  39. Grey longeared Bat (Plecotus austriacus) (J.Fischer, 1829)
  40. Yellow desert Bat (Scotoecus pallidus) (Dobson, 1876).
  41. Harlequin Bat (Scotomanes ornatus) (Dobson, 1871) (=S. emarginatus)
  42. Common yellowbellied Bat (Scotophilus heathii) (Horsfield, 1831)
  43. Temminck's house bat/Lesser house Bat (Scotophilus kuhlii) Leach, 1821
  44. Philippine bamboo Bat (Tylonycteris pachypus) (Temminck, 1840)
  45. Frosted bat/Particolored Bat (Vespertilio murinus) Linnaeus, 1758
  46. Small bent-winged Bat (Miniopterus pusillus) Dobson, 1876
  47. Schreiber's long-fingered Bat (Miniopterus schreibersii) (Kuhl, 1817).
  48. Hairy-winged Bat (Harpiocephalus harpia) Gray, 1842
  49. Round-eared tube-nosed Bat (Murina cyclotis) Dobson, 1872
  50. Tube-nosed insectivorous Bat (Murina grisea) Peters, 1872
  51. Hutton's Tube-nosed Bat (Murina huttoni) (Peters, 1872)
  52. Great tube-nosed bat/Long-nosed goblin Bat (Murina leucogaster) Milne-Edwards, 1872
  53. Gilgit tube-nosed Bat (Murina tubinaris) (Scully, 1881).
  54. Little tube-nosed Bat (Murina aurata)
  55. Hardwicke's forest Bat (Kerivoula hardwickii) (Horsfield, 1824).
  56. Papillose woolly Bat (Kerivoula papillosa) (Temminck, 1840).
  57. Painted butterfly Bat (Kerivoula picta) (Pallas, 1767).

Family Molossidae: Free-tailed Bats

  1. Wroughton's free-tailed Bat (Otomops wroughtoni) (Thomas, 1913).
  2. Egyptian free-tailed Bat (Tadarida aegyptiaca) (E. Geoffroy, 1818).
  3. Wrinkled-lipped Bat (Tadarida plicata) =Chaerephon plicata (Buchanan, 1800)
  4. European free-tailed Bat (Tadarida teniotis) (Rafinesque, 1814)

ORDER: Primates

Family Lorisidae: Lorises

  1. Slender Loris (Loris tardigradus) (Linnaeus, 1758)
  2. [[Bengal Slow Loris|Bengal Slow Loris (Nycticebus bengalensis)] (Lacépède, 1800)

Family Cercopithecidae: Old World monkeys

  1. Stump-tailed Macaque (Macaca arctoides) (I. Geoffroy, 1831)
  2. Assamese Macaque (Macaca assamensis) (M’Clelland, 1840)
  3. Crab-eating Macaque (Macaca fascicularis) (Raffles, 1821)
  4. Nicobar Long-tailed Macaque (Macaca fascicularis umbrosa)
  5. Rhesus Macaque (Macaca mulatta) (Zimmermann, 1780).
  6. Arunachal Macacque (Macaca munzala) Sinha et al., 2004
  7. Pig-tailed Macacque (Macaca nemestrina) (Linnaeus, 1766).
  8. Bonnet Macaque (Macaca radiata) (endemic) (E.Geoffroy, 1812).
  9. Tibetan Macacque (Macaca thibetana) (Milne-Edwards, 1870)
  10. Lion-tailed Macaque (Macaca silenus) (endemic) (Linnaeus, 1758)
  11. Common langurs (Semnopithecus spp.)
    1. Nepal Gray Langur (Semnopithecus schistaceus)
    2. Kashmir Gray Langur (Semnopithecus ajax)
    3. Tarai Gray Langur (Semnopithecus hector)
    4. Northern Plains Gray Langur (Semnopithecus entellus) (Dufresne, 1797)
    5. Black-footed Gray Langur (Semnopithecus hypoleucos)
    6. Southern Plains Gray Langur (Semnopithecus dussumieri)
    7. Tufted Gray Langur (Semnopithecus priam)
  12. Silvered Leaf Monkey (Trachypithecus cristatus)
  13. Golden Langur (Trachypithecus geei) Khajuria, 1956
  14. Nilgiri Langur (Trachypithecus johnii) (endemic) (J. Fischer, 1829)
  15. Capped Langur (Trachypithecus pileatus) (Blyth, 1843).
  16. Phayre's Leaf Monkey (Trachypithecus phayrei) (Blyth, 1847)

Family Hylobatidae: Lesser apes (gibbons)

  1. Hoolock gibbons (Hylobates hoolock) (Harlan, 1834).

ORDER: Carnivora: Carnivores

Family Canidae: Canines/Dogs

  1. Jackal (Canis aureus) Linnaeus, 1758
  2. Wolf (Canis lupus pallipes) Linnaeus, 1758
    1. Canis lupus chanco Tibetan Wolf
    2. Canis lupus familiaris Linnaeus, 1758 (domestic)
  3. Dhole (Cuon alpinus) (Pallas, 1811)
  4. Indian fox (Vulpes bengalensis) (Shaw, 1800).
  5. Blanford's fox (Vulpes cana)) Blanford, 1877
  6. Red fox (Vulpes vulpes) (Linnaeus, 1758)
  7. Tibetan Sand Fox (Vulpes ferrilata) (Hodgson, 1842)

Family Ursidae: Bears

  1. Malayan Sun Bear (Helarctos malayanus) (Raffles, 1821)
  2. Himalayan Black Bear (Ursus thibetanus) Cuvier, 1823
  3. Brown Bear (Ursus arctos)
  4. Sloth Bear (Melursus ursinus)

Family Ailuropodidae: Pandas

  1. Red panda (Ailurus fulgens) Cuvier, 1825

Family Mustelidae: Mustelids [Weasels, Martens, Wolverine, Badgers, Skunks, Otters]

  1. Himalayan yellow-throated Marten (Martes flavigula) (Boddaert, 1785).
  2. Beech Marten (Martes foina) (Erxleben, 1777)
  3. Nilgiri Marten (Martes gwatkinsii) Horsfield, 1851
  4. Pale Weasel Mustela altaica Pallas, 1811.
  5. Yellow-bellied Weasel (Mustela kathiah) Hodgson, 1835
  6. Himalayan Weasel (Mustela sibirica)
  7. Ermine/Stoat Mustela erminea ferghanae Linnaeus, 1758.
  8. Tibetan Polecat Mustela putorius larvatus Linnaeus, 1758
  9. Striped-backed Weasel (Mustela strigidorsa) Gray, 1855
  10. Ratel (Mellivora capensis) (Schreber, 1776)
  11. Hog Badger (Arctonyx collaris) Cuvier, 1825
  12. Chinese Ferret Badger (Melogale moschata) (Gray, 1831)
  13. Burmese Ferret Badger (Melogale personata) Geoffroy, 1831
  14. Oriental Small-clawed Otter (Amblonyx cinereus) Illiger, 1815
  15. Common Otter (Lutra lutra) (Linnaeus, 1758)
  16. Smooth Indian Otter (Lutrogale perspicillata) (I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1826).

Family Viverridae: Civets

  1. Binturong (Arctitis binturong albifrons) (Raffles, 1821).
  2. Small-toothed Palm Civet (Arctogalidia trivirgata) (Gray, 1832).
  3. Himalayan Palm Civet (Paguma larvata) (Hamilton Smith, 1827).
  4. Toddy Cat (Paradoxurus hermaphroditus) (Pallas, 1777).
  5. Brown Palm Civet (Paradoxurus jerdoni) Blanford, 1885.
  6. Spotted Linsang (Prionodon pardicolor) Hodgson, 1842
  7. Malabar large-spotted Civet (Viverra civettina) Blyth, 1862
  8. Malabar Civet (Viverra megaspila)
  9. Large Indian Civet (Viverra zibetha) Linnaeus, 1758
  10. Small Indian Civet (Viverricula indica) (Desmarest, 1804).

Family Herpestidae: Mongooses

  1. Common mongoose (Herpestes edwardsii) (E. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1818).
  2. Brown mongoose (Herpestes fuscus) Gray, 1837.
  3. Small Indian mongoose (Herpestes javanicus) (E. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1818).
  4. Ruddy mongoose (Herpestes smithii) Gray, 1837.
  5. Crab-eating mongoose (Herpestes urva) (Hodgson, 1836)
  6. Striped-necked mongoose (Herpestes vitticollis) Bennett, 1835.
  7. Indian marsh mongoose (Herpestes palustris) (endemic)

Family Hyaenidae: Hyaenas

  1. Striped hyaena (Hyaena hyaena) (Linnaeus, 1758)

Family Felidae: Felines/Cats

  1. Indian / Asiatic Cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus venaticus) (Schreber, 1776).
  2. Golden Cat (Catopuma temminckii) (Vigors and Horsfield, 1827).
  3. Domestic Cat Felis silvestris catus Linnaeus, 1758
  4. Caracal (Felis caracal) (Schreber, 1776).
  5. Lynx (Lynx lynx) (Linnaeus, 1758).
  6. Asiatic Wildcat (Felis silvestris ornata)
  7. Asiatic Lion (Panthera leo persica) (Linnaeus, 1758).
  8. Leopard (Panthera pardus) (Linnaeus, 1758).
  9. Tiger (Panthera tigris) (Linnaeus, 1758).
  10. Snow leopard (Panthera uncia) (Schreber, 1775).
  11. Marbled Cat (Pardofelis marmorata) (Martin, 1837).
  12. Clouded leopard (Pardofelis nebulosa) (Griffith, 1821)
  13. Leopard Cat (Prionailurus bengalensis) Prater (1971)
  14. Rusty spotted Cat (Prionailurus rubiginosus) (I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1831).
  15. Fishing Cat (Felis viverrina) (Bennett, 1833).
  16. Jungle Cat (Felis chaus) Schreber, 1777
  17. Pallas Cat (Felis manul) (Pallas, 1776)

ORDER: Cetacea: Whales, Dolphins, and Porpoises

Family Delphinidae

  1. Common Dolphin (Delphinus delphis Linnaeus, 1758
  2. Pilot Whale (Globicephala macrorhynchus) Gray, 1846.
  3. Risso's Dolphin (Grampus griseus) (G.Cuvier, 1812).
  4. Irrawady Dolphin (Orcaella brevirostris) (Gray, 1866).
  5. Orca (Orcinus orca) (Linnaeus, 1758)
  6. Melon-headed Whale (Peponocephala electra) (Gray, 1846).
  7. False Killer Whale (Pseudorca crassidens) (Owen, 1846).
  8. Pygmy Killer Whale Feresa attenuata Gray, 1875
  9. Humpback Dolphin (Sousa chinensis) (Osbeck, 1765)
  10. Spinner Dolphin (Stenella longirostris) (Gray, 1828).
  11. Bottlenose Dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) (Montagu, 1821)
  12. Fraser’s Dolphin Lagenodelphis hosei Fraser, 1957
  13. Pantropical Spotted (Bridled) Dolphin Stenella attenuata (Gray, 1846).
  14. Striped Dolphin Stenella coeruleoalba (Meyen, 1833).
  15. Rough-toothed Dolphin Steno bredanensis (Lesson, 1828).

Family Platanistidae: River Dolphins

  1. Gangetic Dolphin (Platanista gangetica)
    1. Ganges River Dolphin (Platanista gangetica gangetica)
    2. Indus River Dolphin (Platanista gangetica minor)

Family Balaenoptridae

  1. Minke Whale (Balaenoptera acutorostrata) Lacépède, 1804
  2. Sei Whale (Balaenoptera borealis) (Lesson, 1828)
  3. Bryde's Whale (Balaenoptera edeni) (Anderson, 1879)
  4. Blue Whale (Balaenoptera musculus) (Linnaeus, 1758)
  5. Fin Whale (Balaenoptera physalus) (Linnaeus, 1758)
  6. Humpback Whale (Megaptera novaeangliae) (Borowski, 1781).

Family Balaenidae

  1. Southern Right whale (Eubalaena australis) (Desmoulins, 1822)

Family Ziphiidae

  1. Cuvier's beaked whale (Ziphius cavirostris) (Blainville, 1817)
  2. Blainville's Beaked Whale Mesoplodon densirostris (Blainville, 1817)
  3. Ginkgo-toothed Beaked Whale Mesoplodon ginkgodens Nishiwaki and Kamiya, 1958.

Family Phocoenidae

  1. Pygmy sperm whale (Kogia breviceps) (Blainville, 1838)
  2. Dwarf sperm whale (Kogia sima) (Owen, 1866)
  3. Finless Porpoise (Neophocaena phocaenoides) (G. Cuvier, 1829).
  4. Sperm Whale (Physeter macrocephalus) Linnaeus, 1758

ORDER:Sirenia

Family Dugongidae

  1. Dugong (Dugong dugon) (Muller, 1776)

ORDER: Proboscidea

Family Elephantidae: Elephants

  1. Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus) Linnaeus, 1758.

ORDER: Perissodactyla: Odd-toed ungulates

Family Equidae: Horses

  1. Kiang (Equus kiang) Moorcroft, 1841
  2. Domestic horse Equus caballus Linnaeus, 1758. (Domestic)
  3. Asiatic wild Ass (Equus hemionus khur) Corbet and Hill (1992) (=Equus onager Boddaert, 1785)
  4. Domestic Donkey Equus asinus Linnaeus, 1758. (Domestic)

Family Rhinocerotidae: Rhinoceroses

  1. Rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis)
  2. Sumatran Rhinoceros (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis) (G. Fischer, 1814) (D. s. lasiotis - last record in 1997 from Anko range, Manipur, Turnsang district, Nagaland)
  3. Javan Rhinoceros (Rhinoceros sondaicus) (Extinct within India)

ORDER: Artiodactyla: Even-toed Ungulates

Family Suidae: Pigs

  1. Pygmy hog (Porcula salvania) Hodgson, 1847 Earlier Sus salvanius (Hodgson, 1847)
  2. Indian wild boar (Sus scrofa) Linnaeus, 1758.
  3. Domestic Pig Sus domesticus Brisson, 1762. (Domestic)

Family Camelidae

  1. Dromedary Camel (Camelus dromedarius) Linnaeus, 1758 (Domestic)
  2. Bactrian Camel (Camelus bactrianus) (FERAL)

Family Tragulidae: Chevrotains

  1. Indian Spotted Chevrotain (Moschiola indica) Gray, 1852 (The old name of Moschiola meminna is now used for the Sri Lankan species.)

Family Moschidae

  1. Musk Deer (Moschus chrysogaster) (Hodgson, 1839))
  2. Black Musk Deer (Moschus fuscus) Li, 1981.

Family Cervidae: Deer

  1. Cheetal/Spotted Deer (Axis axis) (Erxleben, 1777)
  2. Hog Deer (Axis porcinus) (Zimmermann, 1780)
  3. Barasingha/Swamp Deer (Cervus duvauceli) G. Cuvier, 1823
  4. Thamin, Sangai or Manipur Brow-antlered Deer (Cervus eldii) McClelland, 1842
  5. Sambar (Cervus unicolor) Kerr, 1792.
  6. Hangul (Cervus affinis hanglu) Linnaeus, 1758
  7. Barking Deer/Munjtac (Muntiacus muntjak) (Zimmermann, 1780)
  8. Leaf Muntjac (Muntiacus putaoensis)
  9. Black Muntjac (Muntiacus crinifrons)

Family Bovidae: Bovids

  1. Yak (Bos grunniens) Linnaeus, 1766.
  2. Gaur (Bos gaurus) Smith, 1827

Domestic cattle Bos taurus Linnaeus, 1758.

  1. Nilgai (Boselaphus tragocamelus) (Pallas, 1766).
  2. Wild buffalo (Bubalus arnee) Kerr, 1792

Domestic Water Buffalo Bubalus bubalis (Linnaeus, 1758). (domestic)

  1. Chinkara (Gazellae bennettii) (Sykes, 1831)
  2. Four-horned antelope/Chausingha (Tetracerus quadricornis) (Blainville, 1816)
  3. Blackbuck (Antilope cervicapra) (Linnaeus, 1758).
  4. Chiru or Tibetan Antelope (Pantholops hodgsoni) (Abel, 1826)
  5. Tibetan Gazelle/Goa (Procapra picticauda) Hodgson, 1846
  6. Takin (Budorcas taxicolor) Hodgson, 1850.

Domestic Goat Capra hircus Linnaeus, 1758. (Domestic)

  1. Wild Goat or Sind Ibex (Capra aegagrus)
  2. Markhor (Capra falconeri) (Wagner, 1839).
  3. Ibex (Capra ibex) Linnaeus, 1758.
  4. Nilgiri tahr (Hemitragus hylocrius) (endemic) (Ogilby, 1838). (=Nilgiritragus hylocrius)
  5. Himalayan Tahr (Hemitragus jemlahicus) (H. Smith, 1826)
  6. Serow (Naemorhedus sumatraensis) Corbet and Hill,1992 =Capricornis sumatraensis (Bechstein, 1799)
  7. Bharal (Pseudois nayaur nayayr) (Hodgson, 1833).
  8. Marco Polo sheep (Ovis ammon polii)
  9. Nayan or Great Tibetan Sheep (Ovis ammon hodgsonii) (Linnaeus, 1766)

Domestic Sheep Ovis aries Linnaeus, 1758. (Domestic)

  1. Urial/Shapu (Ovis orientalis vignei) Gmelin, 1774
  2. Goral (Naemorhedus baileyi) Pocock, 1914
  3. Goral (Naemorhedus caudatus)
  4. Goral (Naemorhedus goral) (Hardwicke, 1825)

ORDER: Pholidota: Pangolins

Family Manidae: Pangolins

  1. Indian pangolin (Manis crassicaudata) Gray, 1827.
  2. Malayan pangolin (Manis javanica)
  3. Chinese pangolin (Manis pentadactyla) Linnaeus, 1758.

ORDER: Rodentia

Family Sciuridae: Squirrels

  1. Red-bellied tree squirrel (Callosciurus erythraeus) (Pallas, 1779).
  2. Hoary-bellied Himalayan squirrel (Callosciurus pygerythrus) (I. Geoffroy Saint Hilaire, 1831).
  3. Orange-bellied Himalayan squirrel (Dremomys lokriah) (Hodgson, 1863).
  4. Pernyi's ground squirrel (Dremomys pernyi) (Milne-Edwards, 1867).
  5. Red-cheeked squirrel (Dremomys rufigenis) (Blanford, 1878).
  6. Layard's palm squirrel (Funambulus layardi) (Blyth, 1849).
  7. Three-striped palm squirrel (Funambulus palmarum) (Linnaeus, 1766).
  8. Jungle Striped Squirrel Funambulus tristriatus (Waterhouse, 1837). (endemic)
  9. Five-striped palm squirrel (Funambulus pennantii) Wroughton, 1905.
  10. Dusky-striped squirrel (Funambulus sublineatus) (Waterhouse, 1838).
  11. Himalayan Marmot (Marmota himalayana) (Hodgson, 1841) = Bobak Marmot (Marmota bobak himalayana) Prater (1971)
  12. Golden Marmot (Marmota caudata) (Geoffroy, 1844).
  13. Malayan giant squirrel (Ratufa bicolor gigantea) (Sparrman, 1778)
  14. Indian giant squirrel (Ratufa indica) (Erxleben, 1777)
    1. R. i. centralis
    2. R. i. dealbata
    3. R. i. indica
    4. R. i. maxima
  15. Grizzled giant squirrel (Ratufa macroura) (Pennant, 1769).
  16. Himalayan striped squirrel (Tamiops mcclellandii) (Horsfield, 1840).

Family Pteromyidae: Flying squirrels

  1. Hairy-footed flying squirrel (Belomys pearsonii) (Gray, 1842) (=Trogopterus pearsonii)
  2. Namdapha flying squirrel (Biswamoyopterus biswasi) Saha, 1981
  3. Kashmir woolly flying squirrel (Eupetaurus cinereus) Thomas, 1888
  4. Particoloured flying squirrel (Hylopetes alboniger) (Hodgson, 1836).
  5. Kashmir flying squirrel (Hylopetes baberi) (Blyth, 1847)
  6. Small Kashmir Flying Squirrel Hylopetes fimbriatus (Gray, 1837)
  7. Grey-headed flying squirrel (Petaurista caniceps) (Muller, 1840) (=Petaurista elegans (Muller, 1840))
  8. Hodgson's flying squirrel (Petaurista magnificus) (Hodgson, 1836)
  9. Noble giant flying squirrel (Petaurista nobilis) (Gray, 1842).
  10. Giant red flying squirrel (Petaurista petaurista) (Pallas, 1766)
  11. Large brown flying squirrel (Petaurista philippensis) (Elliot, 1839)
  12. Small Travancore flying squirrel (Petinomys fuscocapillus) (Jerdon, 1847)

Family Muridae: Old World Rats, Mice

  1. Korean field mouse (Apodemus draco) (Barrett-Hamilton, 1900) = Long-tailed field mouse (Apodemus orestes)
  2. Korean field mouse (Apodemus latronum) (Corbet and Hill, 1992)
  3. Kashmir Wood Mouse Apodemus rusiges Miller, 1913
  4. Wood mouse (Apodemus sylvaticus) (Linnaeus, 1758).
  5. Wroughton's Wood Mouse Apodemus wardi (Wroughton, 1908).
  6. Indian mole rat (Bandicota bengalensis) (Gray and Hardwicke, 1833)
  7. Bandicoot rat (Bandicota indica) (Bechstein, 1800)
  8. Bower's rat (Berylmys bowersii) (Anderson, 1879)
  9. Kenneth's White-toothed Rat (Berylmys mackenziei) (Thomas, 1916)
  10. Manipur White-toothed Rat (Berylyms manipulus) (Thomas, 1916)
  11. Pencil-tailed tree mouse (Chiropodomys gliroides) (Blyth, 1856).
  12. Blanford's Rat (Cremnomys blanfordi) (Thomas, 1881).
  13. Cutch rock rat (Cremnomys cutchicus) Wroughton, 1912.
  14. Elvira Rat (Cremnomys elvira) (Ellerman, 1946) (Known only from Kurumbapatti, Salem)
  15. Large-toothed giant rat/Millard's rat (Dacnomys millardi) Thomas, 1916
  16. Manipur mouse (Diomys crumpi) Thomas, 1917
  17. Edward's giant rat (Leopoldamys edwardsi) (Thomas, 1882)
  18. Murray's soft-furred rat (Millardia gleadowi) (Murray, 1886)
  19. Asian soft-furred rat (Millardia kondana) Mishra and Dhanda, 1975
  20. Soft-furred field rat or metad (Millardia meltada) (Gray, 1837).
  21. Manipur bush rat (Hadromys humei) (Thomas, 1886)
  22. Indian field mouse (Mus booduga) (Gray, 1837)
  23. Fawn-coloured mouse (Mus cervicolor)
  24. Cook's mouse (Mus cookii) Ryley, 1914.
  25. House/Rice-field mouse (Mus dunni) (=Mus terricolor Blyth, 1851)
  26. Servant mouse/Shrew mouse (Mus famulus) Bonhote, 1898 (endemic to the Western Ghats)
  27. House mouse (Mus musculus) Linnaeus, 1758.
  28. Shrew mouse (Mus pahari) Thomas, 1916.
  29. Spiny mouse (Mus phillipsi) Wroughton, 1912.
  30. Spiny field mouse (Mus platythrix) Bennett, 1832. (endemic)
  31. Grey spiny mouse (Mus saxicola) Elliot, 1839
  32. Short-tailed mole (Nesokia indica) (Gray and Hardwicke, 1830).
  33. Brahma White-bellied Rat (Niviventer brahma) (Thomas, 1914).
  34. Smoke-bellied Rat (Niviventer eha) (Wroughton, 1916).
  35. Chestnut White-bellied Rat (Niviventer fulvescens) (Gray, 1847).
  36. Lang Bian White-bellied Rat (Niviventer langbianis) (Robinson and Kloss, 1922).
  37. White-bellied Rat (Niviventer niviventer) (Hodgson, 1836).
  38. Tenasserim white-bellied rat (Niviventer tenaster)) (Thomas, 1916).
  39. Miller's Rat Rattus burrus (Miller, 1902) (Nicobars)
  40. Polynesian/ Pacific rat (Rattus exulans)
  41. Himalayan rat (Rattus nitidus) (Hodgson, 1845)
  42. Brown rat/Norway rat (Rattus norvegicus) (Berkenhout, 1769).
  43. Palm rat (Rattus palmarum) (Zelebor, 1869) (Nicobars)
  44. Kerala rat (Rattus ranjiniae) Agarwal and Ghosal, 1969. (Western Ghats)
  45. Common house rat (Rattus rattus) (Linnaeus, 1758).
  46. Sikkim Rat Rattus sikkimensis Hinton, 1919 = Sikkim rat (Rattus remotus) (Corbet and Hill, 1992)
  47. Andaman rat (Rattus stoicus) (Miller, 1902)
  48. Malaysian wood rat/Malaysian field rat (Rattus tiomanicus) (Miller, 1900).
  49. Turkestan rat (Rattus turkestanicus) (Satunin, 1903)
  50. Long-tailed tree mouse (Vandeleuria oleracea) (Bennett, 1832) = Indian long-tailed tree mouse (Vandeleuria nilagirica)
  51. Indian desert jird (Meriones hurrianae) Jerdon, 1867
  52. Eurasian harvest mouse (Micromys minutus) (Pallas, 1771)
  53. Ladakh Hamster Cricetulus alticola Thomas, 1917
  54. Armenian hamster (Cricetulus migratorius) (Pallas, 1773).
  55. Indian gerbille (Tatera indica) (Hardwicke, 1807)
  56. Indian hairy-footed gerbil (Gerbillus gleadowi) Murray, 1886
  57. Baluchistan gerbil (Gerbillus nanus) Blanford, 1875
  58. Indian bush rat (Golunda ellioti) Gray, 1837
  59. Malabar spiny dormouse (Platacanthomys lasiurus) Blyth, 1859
  60. White-tailed Mountain Vole Alticola albicauda (True, 1894)
  61. Kashmir Mountain Vole Alticola montosa (True, 1894)
  62. Royle's Mountain Vole Aticola roylei (Gray, 1842)
  63. Alticola stoliczkanus (Blanford, 1875)
  64. Silvery Mountain Vole Alticola argentatus (Severtzov, 1879).
  65. Thomas's Mountain Vole Alticola stracheyi (Thomas, 1880).
  66. Pere David's vole (Eothenomys melanogaster) (Milne-Edwards, 1871)
  67. Murree vole/Punjab vole (Hyperacrius wynnei) (Blanford, 1881).
  68. Blyth's Vole Microtus leusurus (Blyth, 1863)
  69. True's Vole Hyperacrius fertilis (True, 1894).
  70. Sikkim Vole Microtus sikimensis (Hodgson, 1849)
  71. Bay bamboo rat (Cannomys badius) (Hodgson, 1841)
  72. Hoary bamboo rat (Rhizomys pruinosus) Blyth, 1851.

Family Zapodidae: Jumping mice

  1. Jumping mouse (Sicista concolor) (Buchner, 1892).

Family Hystricidae: Old World Porcupines

  1. Bush-tailed porcupine (Atherurus macrourus assamensis ) (Linnaeus, 1758)
  2. Malayan porcupine (Hystrix brachyura) Linnaeus, 1758.
  3. Indian porcupine (Hystrix indica) Kerr, 1792.

ORDER: Lagomorpha: Hares, Rabbits, Pikas

Family Leporidae: Hares and Rabbits

  1. Hispid Hare (Caprolagus hispidus) (Pearson, 1839).
  2. Cape Hare (Lepus capensis) Linnaeus, 1758.
  3. Indian Hare/Blacknaped Hare (Lepus nigricollis) F. Cuvier, 1823.
  4. Wooly Hare (Lepus oiostolus) Hodgson, 1840

Domestic Rabbit Oryctolagus cuniculus Linnaeus, 1758. (Domestic)

Family Ochotonidae: Pikas

  1. Nubra Pika (Ochotona nubrica) Thomas, 1922.
  2. Black-lipped Pika Ochotona curzoniae (Hodgson, 1858)
  3. Forrest's Pika Ochotona forresti Thomas, 1923
  4. Ladakh Pika Ochotona ladacensis (Gunther, 1875)
  5. Large-eared Pika Ochotona macrotis (Gunther, 1875).
  6. Himalayan Mouse-hare / Royle's Pika Ochotona roylei (Ogilby, 1839)
  7. Mountain Pika Ochotona thibetana (Milne-Edwards, 1871)

References

Other references

  • Corbet G B, Hill J E. 1992. The mammals of the Indomalayan region: a systematic review. Oxford University Press
  • Prater, S.H. (1971) The Book of Indian Animals. Oxford University Press. (Third edition 1997)
  • Nameer, P.O. (2000) Checklist of Indian Mammals. Kerala Forest Department and Kerala Agricultural University. 90+xxv pp.

See also

External links

  • http://www.sanctuaryasia.com/resources/speciechklist/MammalsChklist.doc
  • http://www.cbsg.org/reports/reports/exec_sum/mammals_of_india_camp.pdf
  • Threatened mammals of India

Search another word or see family suidaeon Dictionary | Thesaurus |Spanish
Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature
FAVORITES
RECENT

;