List of emotions

This is a list of emotions.

Stoic view of emotion

Stoicism named four primary passions:

  • Distress is an irrational contraction or a fresh opinion that something bad is present at which people think it right to be depressed.
    • Envy is distress incurred by reason of a neighbor's prosperity.
    • Rivalry is distress, should another be in possession of the object desired and one has to go without it oneself.
    • Jealousy is distress arising from the fact that the thing one has coveted oneself is in the possession of the other man as well as one's own.
    • Compassion is distress arising from the wretchedness of a neighbor in undeserved suffering.
    • Anxiety is oppressive distress.
    • Mourning is distress arising from the untimely absence of a beloved object.
    • Sadness is tearful distress.
    • Troubledness is burdensome distress.
    • Grief is torturing distress.
    • Lament is distress accompanied by wailing.
    • Depression is distress accompanied by brooding.
    • Vexation is lasting distress.
    • Despondency is distress without any prospect of amelioration.
  • Fear is an irrational risk aversion or avoidance of an expected risk.
  • Lust is an irrational desire or pursuit of an expected good.
    • Revenge is lust of punishing the man who is thought to have inflicted an undeserved injury.
    • Rage is anger springing up and suddenly showing itself.
    • Hatred is inveterate anger.
    • Enmity is anger watching as opportunity for revenge.
    • Wrath is anger of greater bitterness conceived in the innermost heart and soul.
    • Greed is insatiable lust.
    • Longing is lust of beholding someone who is not present.
  • Delight is an irrational swelling or a fresh opinion that something good is present at which people think it right to be mania.
    • Malice is pleasure derived from a neighbor's evil which brings no advantage to oneself.
    • Rapture is pleasure soothing the soul by charm of the sense of hearing.
    • Smug is arrogance and a feeling of knowing everything
    • Ostentation is pleasure shown in outward demeanor and puffing oneself out extravagantly.

Plutchik's wheel of emotions

Robert Plutchik created a wheel of emotions in 1980 which consisted of 8 basic emotions and 8 advanced emotions each composed of 2 basic ones.
Basic emotion Basic opposite
Joy Sadness
Acceptance Disgust
Fear Anger
Surprise Anticipation
Sadness Joy
Disgust Acceptance
Anger Fear
Anticipation Surprise
Advanced emotion Composed of... Advanced opposite
Optimism Anticipation + Joy Disappointment
Love Joy + Acceptance Remorse
Submission Acceptance + Fear Contempt
Awe Fear + Surprise Aggressiveness
Disappointment Surprise + Sadness Optimism
Remorse Sadness + Disgust Love
Contempt Disgust + Anger Submission
Aggressiveness Anger + Anticipation Awe

Emotions by groups

Here is a categorised, tree structured list of emotions as described in Parrot (2001).

Primary emotion Secondary emotion Tertiary emotions
Love Affection Adoration, affection, love, fondness, liking, attraction, caring, tenderness, compassion, sentimentality
Lust Arousal, desire, lust, passion, infatuation
Longing Longing
Joy Cheerfulness Amusement, bliss, cheerfulness, gaiety, glee, jolliness, joviality, joy, delight, enjoyment, gladness, happiness, jubilation, elation, satisfaction, ecstasy, euphoria
Zest Enthusiasm, zeal, zest, excitement, thrill, exhilaration
Contentment Contentment, pleasure
Pride Pride, triumph
Optimism Eagerness, hope, optimism
Enthrallment Enthrallment, rapture
Relief Relief
Surprise Surprise Amazement, surprise, astonishment
Anger Irritation Aggravation, irritation, agitation, annoyance, grouchiness, grumpiness
Exasperation Exasperation, frustration
Rage Anger, rage, outrage, fury, wrath, hostility, ferocity, bitterness, hate, loathing, scorn, spite, vengefulness, dislike, resentment
Disgust Disgust, revulsion, contempt
Envy Envy, jealousy
Torment Torment
Sadness Suffering Agony, suffering, hurt, anguish
Sadness Depression, despair, hopelessness, gloom, glumness, sadness, unhappiness, grief, sorrow, woe, misery, melancholy
Disappointment Dismay, disappointment, displeasure
Shame Guilt, shame, regret, remorse
Neglect Alienation, isolation, neglect, loneliness, rejection, homesickness, defeat, dejection, insecurity, embarrassment, humiliation, insult
Sympathy Pity, sympathy
Fear Horror Alarm, shock, fear, fright, horror, terror, panic, hysteria, mortification
Nervousness Anxiety, nervousness, tenseness, uneasiness, apprehension, worry, distress, dread''

Lojban emotions

The artificial language Lojban has interjections expressing degrees of emotions. These include:

  • Simple emotions
  • Complex emotions
  • Pure emotions
  • Propositional attitudes
    • attentive - inattentive - avoiding
    • alertness - exhaustion
    • intent - indecision - refusal
    • effort - no real effort - repose
    • hope - despair
    • desire - indifference - reluctance
    • interest - no interest - repulsion
  • Complex propositional attitudes
    • permission - prohibition
    • competence - incompetence
    • obligation - freedom
    • constraint - independence - resistance to constraint
    • request - negative request
    • suggestion - no suggestion - warning
    • understand - confused

See also


External links

  • That page presents lists from Ekman, Lazarus, Ortony et al., and Goleman.
  • A table of basic emotions according to a variety of authors.
  • Chart of 121 emotions (with 3D characteristic).
  • Extensive list of words (A thru S) describing feelings.

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