, byname of Giorgio Gaberscik
- January 1
), was an Italian
singer-songwriter, actor and playwright. He was also an accomplished guitar player and author of one of the first rock
songs in Italian
("Ciao ti dirò", 1958).
The first debut
The beginning of his career, start in 1954 with the famous Ghigo Agosti
as the first rock Italian guitarist on rhythm and blues
sound from American big band
The official debut was in the Jazz Festival
(1954); after this event, for two years with Ghigo
play in north italy
in various music places.
His work in the theatre as writer and actor is also widely appreciated; together with Sandro Luporini he pioneered the musical genre "teatro canzone" ("song theatre").
The new underground auditorium of the Pirelli Tower in Milan is dedicated to him.
The second debut at the "Santa Tecla"
Born in Milan
into a lower middle-class family of Gorizian Slovenian
origin, Gaber began to play as rehabilitation for an injury to his hand which required constant but not strenuous activity to recover his motor skill. Since his health as a child was not the best and his older brother Marcello played guitar, he was encouraged to play as well. The outcome was good both in terms of his health and artistically, and at only fourteen years of age he was engaged to play at a New Years party and earned his first paycheck of 1,000 lire.
Following from this he began to frequent the Santa Tecla, a venue in Milan where he had the chance to meet the most well-known and promising musicians of the time, including Luigi Tenco, Gianfranco Reverberi, Adriano Celentano, Ricky Gianco, and Mogol, who obtained a contract for Gaber with Dischi Ricordi. He then played with the Rocky Mountains Old Time Stompers (replacing Tony Dallara who had left to pursue a solo career) and with Rolling Crew.
Because neither Tenco nor Gaber were yet registered with the Italian Society of Authors and Editors they could not trademark the song "Ciao ti dirò" ("I'll Say Hi to You", inspired by Elvis Presley's "Jailhouse Rock"), so it was signed off by Giorgio Calabrese and Giampiero Reverberi although in reality composed by Tenco and Gaber.
The two went on to continue writing music together, developing at the same time a close friendship. In 1958 they toured Germany together with Adriano Celentano, Enzo Jannacci, Paolo Tomelleri e Gianfranco Reverberi.
Gaber paired up with Enzo Jannacci as I Due Corsari ("The Two Privateers"), who made their debut at the end of 1958 with two vinyl singles - "Come Facette Mammeta", a classic song of Neopolitan humour, and "Non occupatemi il telefono" ("Don't Hog the Telephone"). They continued to release singles with Dischi Ricordi throughout the following year, and in 1960 released their first album, Giorgio Gaber - Enzo Jannacci.
After a sentimental-artistic companionship with singer and actress Maria Monti he married Ombretta Colli in 1965, then a student of languages (Chinese and Russian) at the University of Milan.
He participated four times in Sanremo, with the songs "Benzina e cerini" ("Petrol and Matches") in 1961, "Così felice" ("So Happy") in 1964, "Mai, Mai, Mai Valentina" ("Never, Never, Never Valentina") in 1966 and "...E allora dai" ("...Well Come On Then!") in 1967.
In 1969 he set one of his best known successes, "Com'è bella la città" ("How Beautiful the City Is"), an example of the introduction of social matters in a song
. The following year, he showed at Piccolo teatro
his first ediction of Il Signor G
("Mister G"), a recital
he repeated in many Italian squares.
In 1974 he was given the Premio Tenco in the first edition of that musical review. He also received the Targa Tenco in 2001 for his song "La razza in estinzione" ("The Dying Race") and in 2003 for the album Io non mi sento italiano ("I Don't Feel Italian").
Giorgio Gaber died, after a long disease, the 1 January 2003 in his country house in Montemagno near Camaiore (Lucca, Tuscany). He is interred in the Cimitero Monumentale in Milan.
- "Il signor G" (1970)
- "I borghesi" (1971)
- "Dialogo tra un impegnato e un non so" (1972)
- "Far finta di essere sani" (1973) in studio
- "Far finta di essere sani" (stag. teatr. 1973-74)
- "Anche per oggi non si vola" (1974)
- "Libertà obbligatoria" (1976)
- "Polli di allevamento" (1978)
- "Pressione bassa" (1980)
- "Io se fossi Dio" (1980)
- "Anni affollati" (1981)
- "Il teatro di Giorgio Gaber" (1982)
- "Gaber" (1984)
- "Io se fossi Gaber" (1985)
- "Piccoli spostamenti del cuore" (1987)
- "Parlami d'amore Mariù" (1987)
- "Il Grigio" (1989)
- "Storie del signor G" (1991) in vhs
- "Il teatro canzone" (1992)
- "Ma per fortuna che c'e`... Giorgio Gaber" (1994)
- "Io come persona" (1994)
- "E pensare che c'era il pensiero" (1994)
- "E pensare che c'era il pensiero" (1995)
- "Gaber 96/97" (1996)
- "Un'idiozia conquistata a fatica" (1997)
- "Un'idiozia conquistata a fatica" (1998) II vers.
- "Gaber 1999/2000" (1999)
- "La mia generazione ha perso" (2001)
- "Io non mi sento italiano" (2003)
There is also a large discography of LPs and 45s related to his production of pop music songs and ballads.
- "Ja-Ga brothers" (1983) with Enzo Jannacci, is the reprinting of the 1960 recordings of the two singers.