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Ezer

Ezer

Ezer, in the Bible. 1 Edomite chief. An alternate form is Ezar. 2 One of Ephraim's sons. 3 Priest at the dedication of the wall. 4 Son of Hur the Judahite. 5 Gadite ally of David. 6 Repairer of the wall.
Weizman, Ezer, 1924-2005, Israeli military officer and politician, president of Israel (1993-2000), b. Tel Aviv. A nephew of Chaim Weizmann, he helped found the Israeli air force, serving in it from 1948 to 1966 and rising to the rank of major general and commanding officer. As military chief of operations he was credited with engineering Israel's victory in the 1967 Arab-Israeli war, in which the air force played a crucial role. He left the military in 1969 to enter politics, serving as minister of transport (1969-70), defense (1977-80), communications (1984-88), and science (1988-92). A Likud party member, the outspoken Weizman became disenchanted with the policies of Menachem Begin and joined the Labor party in the mid-1980s. When he was elected president in 1993, the former hard-liner had by then become a leading spokesman for peace with Israel's Arab neighbors and negotiations with the Palestine Liberation Organization. Reelected in 1998, he resigned under pressure in 2000 after he was criticized for (but not charged with) financial misdealings.

See his On Eagles' Wings (tr. 1976) and The Battle for Peace (tr. 1981).

Eben-Ezer (אבן העזר, Even Ha'Ezer, lit. stone of help), is the name of a location that is mentioned by the Books of Samuel as the scene of battles between the Israelites and Philistines. It is specified as having been less than a day's journey by foot from Shiloh, near Aphek, in the neighbourhood of Mizpah, near the western entrance of the pass of Beth-horon. However, its location has not been identified in modern times with much certainty, with some identifying it with Beit Iksa, and others with Dier Aban.

It appears in the Books of Samuel in two narratives:

  • in the first narrative (1 Samuel 4:1b-11), the Philistines defeat the Israelites, even though the Israelites brought the ark of the covenant onto the battlefield in hope of it bringing them a divinely assured victory. As a result of the Philistine victory and the ark's presence on the battlefield, it was captured by the Philistines, and not returned until many weeks later.
  • in the second narrative (1 Samuel 7:2b-14), the Israelites defeat the Philistines, after Samuel has offered a sacrifice. Samuel puts up a stone in memorial and names it Eben-Ezer (the placename in the previous narrative resulting from this).

According to modern textual scholars, the second narrative is a redaction, added by a later editor, probably the deuteronomist, probably to explain away what is in reality an earlier sanctuary that featured a stone as a fetish of Yahweh (such sanctuaries are found in the Canaanite archaeological record). The first narrative is considered to come from a sanctuaries narrative (1 Samuel 4:1-7:1) that recounts the tale of the Ark's captivity, and perhaps was originally more extensive in its details about the Ark's travels (possibly including the narratives found elsewhere about Araunah's threshing floor, and the death of Uzziah). This first passage abruptly interrupts the narrative flow of the story of Samuel, which would read more naturally, in the eyes of textual scholars, if the text went straight from 1 Samuel 3:21 to 1 Samuel 7:17 .

It is currently accepted among Israeli archaeologists and historians to place the Eben-Ezer of the first narrative in the immediate neighborhood of modern-day Kafr Qasim, near Antipatris, while the second battle's location is deemed to be insufficiently well-defined in the Biblical text.

The name Eben-Ezer also means "God has led us thus far" or "Thus far God has helped us" according to 1 Samuel 7:12

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