The Plumian chair of Astronomy and Experimental Philosophy
is one of the two major Professorships
at Cambridge University
, alongside the Lowndean Professorship
. The chair is currently held at the Institute of Astronomy
in the University. The Plumian chair was founded in 1704
by Thomas Plume
, a member of Christ's
and Archdeacon of Rochester
, to "erect an Observatory and to maintain a studious and learned Professor of Astronomy and Experimental Philosophy, and to buy him and his successors utensils and instruments quadrants telescopes etc."
The first Professorship was awarded to Roger Cotes in 1707, a former student of Isaac Newton, and the stipend was increased in 1768 by Dr Robert Smith, the second Plumian Professor.