(born 23 August 1939
) is an Australian
politician and activist. She was a Member of the New South Wales Legislative Council
from 1981, first for the Australian Labor Party
then as an Independent
from 1997 until she left the Council in 1999. Long recognised as a colourful and influential figure in New South Wales politics, Arena shot to national prominence in 1996 when, under cover of Parliamentary privilege
, she named retired judge David Yeldham
and former New South Wales MP Frank Arkell
as potential paedophiles.
Life and career
Arena was born in Genoa
, the daughter of Francesco Dellepiane and Onorato Rosita. She received her education in Italy and at Syskon College
, in London
, in the United Kingdom
, and took several courses at WEA Sydney
. She moved to Sydney
in 1959. In 1961, Arena married Joseph Nicholas Arena. The couple had twin sons in 1966. Soon after arriving in Australia, Arena worked as a journalist for the Italian language
newspaper La Fiamma
, until 1966. She also worked as a broadcaster
in ethnic radio
. In 1975 Arena helped found Ethnic Radio 2EA Sydney
, where she worked until 1979.
Arena's strong interest in ethnic affairs inevitably led her to become involved in community organisations and politics. She sat on numerous committees from 1972 through the 70s and 80s, all of them involved in some way in promoting or managing ethnic affairs, women's issues, or adult education. She joined the Labor Party in 1972, and in 1981 was elected to the New South Wales Legislative Council, becoming the first woman not from an English-speaking background to reach the New South Wales Parliament. As a Member of the Council, Arena sat on several parliamentary committees, most prominently the Standing Committee on Social Issues.
In 1996 Arena attracted public condemnation after suggesting that the Wood Royal Commission should investigate Supreme Court judge David Yeldham and former MP Frank Arkell as alleged paedophiles. Her relationship with her party became increasingly strained as the fallout from her 1996 comments mounted, and she resigned in November 1997, continuing to serve on the Legislative Council as an Independent. In 1999 she failed a bid for re-election under the "Franca Arena Child Safety Alliance" banner, and retired from politics.
The National Italian-Australian Women's Association was established by Franca Arena in 1985 (founding President). It aims to recognise and promote the contribution of Italian-Australian women to Australian society.
Since 2003, Arena has been a volunteer telephone counsellor for Lifeline and conducts a weekly editorial on the SBS Italian radio program.
In 1976, Arena was awarded a Churchill Fellowship
, which sponsorship she used to study the relationship between ethnic groups and their host countries in countries other than Australia. She was offered the Order of the British Empire
for services to migrants, but refused the honour; in 1980 she accepted the Order of Australia
for services to ethnic groups. Australia was not the only government determined to recognise her work; in 1990 she was awarded Commendatore della Repubblica Italiana
, Knight Commander of the Italian Republic
), and in 2004 the City of Genoa
and the Region of Liguria
bestowed the Illustrious Ligurian Award
AIDS controversy and the "outing" of homosexuals
In 1991, Arena attracted sympathy and scorn after becoming the target of militant homosexual activists Queer Nation
. At the time, Arena was the head of a parliamentary enquiry into financial assistance for people who had acquired AIDS medically
. Arena attracted the attention of Queer Nation because, according to prominent member Tony Westmore
, she had attempted to distinguish between people with medically acquired AIDS (whom she considered "innocent") and people who become infected through sexual contact.
To punish Arena for her comments, Queer Nation intended to publicly assert that Arena's twin sons were homosexual, a practice known as "outing". Upon hearing of their plan, Arena called a pre-emptive press conference, where she tearfully denied that her children were gay, and revealed that she had received telephoned death threats from gay activists as a result of her comments. The proposal to "out" Arena's children was widely derided in the gay community as an unconscionable invasion of privacy, but also met with some support, and accusations that Arena was a "homophobe" continued.
Wood Royal Commission
The Royal Commission into the New South Wales Police Service
was a Royal Commission
set up in 1994 to investigate corruption in the then New South Wales Police Service
. As the commission continued, its scope expanded to include paedophilia and the failure of the NSW Police to adequately investigate accusations of sexual abuse. Arena, along with fellow MP Deirdre Grusovin
, urged the Commission to look into abuse perpetrated by judges and lawyers.
Frustrated with what she saw as the Commission's unwillingness to investigate prominent people, Arena promised to name at least two Sydney men in a speech to the Legislative Council. The next day, she followed through, demanding to know why the Commission had not investigated retired Supreme Court judge David Yeldham or former MLA Frank Arkell. The remarks caused uproar in both Parliament and the press, and Arena was regularly accused of abusing Parliamentary privilege in order to shield herself from potential defamation suits.
Both Arkell and Yeldham strenuously denied being paedophiles. As a result of the publicity Arena's suggestion attracted, Yeldham was discovered to be living a double life as a homosexual, and committed suicide on 4 November 1996. Arkell, the other accused, was murdered on 26 June 1998. When asked in late 1996 to comment on Yeldham's suicide, Arena stood by her comments to the Legislative Council, explaining, "I asked questions which I felt it was important for me to ask after I was contacted by several people. As a member of Parliament, I have a duty to my constituents. Throughout this whole affair, I have acted according to my conscience.".
When the Commission published its findings, it cleared Yeldham and Arkell of any wrongdoing, and found that Arena's claims of a high-level cover-up of paedophilic activity were "false in all respects". Journalist Trudy Harris, writing in The Australian, described some of her claims, including one that an unnamed NSW judge was a Satanic murderer, as "bizarre". Not all of Arena's efforts were dismissed, however: NSW Commissioner of Police Peter Ryan set up a strike force to investigate accusations Arena supplied NSW Police, and argued that her assistance had been invaluable at times, such as in the arrest of a NSW District Court judge for child sex offences.
Leaving the Labor Party
The decision to name Arkell and Yeldham as suspected paedophiles would cost Arena dearly. With support within her own party already waning as a result of the incident and her refusal to back down, in 1997 Arena pushed things further, crossing the floor to vote with the Liberal
Opposition in favour of widening the Wood Commission's jurisdiction to include all paedophilia-related activity. Voting against one's own party is an expellable offence in the Labor Party; the only other NSW Labor MP to have opposed his own party in a party-line vote was George Petersen
, who was expelled in 1987 as a result.
As debate on whether to expel Arena continued within the Labor Party and in the press, the Wood Royal Commission released its findings, clearing Arena's accused and ridiculing her allegations of a political cover-up. Arena resigned from the Australian Labor Party on 7 November 1997, but continued to serve the Legislative Council as an Independent.
As an Independent
Arena wasted no time in utilising her new-found freedom as an Independent. In November 1997, the Labor Government attempted to pass the Drug Misuse and Trafficking Amendment Bill
, which would have reduced the fine for small-scale marijuana use from $2200
to $500, and removed the possibility of gaol time. Arena opposed the Bill, which was defeated in a 20-19 vote in the Legislative Council. Another Independent MLC, Richard Jones
, attacked Arena for her opposition of the Bill, asserting that she had told him she would be supporting it; Arena argued that she had changed her mind because similar legislation had failed in South Australia
As Arena's eight-year term drew to a close, the Legislative Council voted to suspend her indefinitely unless she apologised for her comments about a criminal conspiracy of politicians to cover-up paedophilia. Arena refused to apologise, arguing that she hadn't made any statements alleging criminal conspiracies. She read a "statement of regret" to the Council instead, a compromise that angered the Government but attracted enough support from Independents and individual Coalition MPs to avoid suspension.
Arena stood for re-election in 1999 under the name of a new party, the "Franca Arena Child Safety Alliance". She was soundly defeated, receiving a mere 0.4 percent of the popular vote, and immediately announced her retirement from political life.
As an author
In 2002, Arena published an autobiography
entitled, Franca: my story
Public online resources
- "Gay Group Plans 'Outing' For NSW Politician", Sonya Voumard, The Age, 9 August 1991.
- "Vicious Gay Campaign Against Franca Arena", Alicia Larriera, Sydney Morning Herald, 9 August 1991.
- "Being pulled out of the closet: Militant gays' tactics of 'outing' people who don't want their sexual preference made public has divided the homosexual community", Miranda Friedlander, The Toronto Star, 3 September 1991.
- "What about lawyers, judges?", Michael Cameron, The Daily Telegraph, 24 October 1996.
- "Arena to name molesters", The Daily Telegraph, 31 October 1996.
- "Ex-judge denies paedophile claim", David Nason, The Australian, 1 November 1996.
- "Uproar at MP name dropping", Rachel Morris, The Daily Telegraph, 1 November 1996.
- "Ex-judge suicides after child sex claim", The Australian, 5 November 1996.
- "Arena votes with opposition", Mark Robinson and Ben English, The Daily Telegraph, 11 April 1997 (corrected 27 March 2002).
- "Arena defiant in face of expulsion calls", Jonathan Este, The Australian, 6 November 1996.
- "Arena Attacked For Vote Over Drug Law Reforms", Newcastle Herald, 22 November 1997.
- "ALP Marihuana Reform Refused", Scott Tucker, Newcastle Herald, 25 November 1997.
- "Franca Arena Faces Apology Deadline", Australian Associated Press, 15 September 1998.
- "Ms Arena Regrets But Wins the Day", Mark Robinson, ''The Daily Telegraph, 17 September 1998.
- "Franca Arena says goodbye in a far cry from her days under the spotlight", Damien Murphy, Sydney Morning Herald, 14 April 1999 (republished online).
- "Paedophile chaser concedes defeat", Trudy Harris, The Australian, 14 April 1999.