An exit strategy
is a means of escaping one's current situation, typically an unfavourable situation. An organization or individual without an exit strategy may be in a quagmire
. At worst, an exit strategy will save face; at best, an exit strategy will peg a withdrawal to the achievement of an objective worth more than the cost of continued involvement.
In military strategy
an exit strategy is understood to minimize what military jargon
calls blood and treasure
(lives and matériel).
The term was used technically in internal Pentagon critiques of the Vietnam War (cf. President Richard Nixon's promise of Peace With Honor), but remained obscure to the general public until the Battle of Mogadishu, Somalia when the U.S. military involvement in that U.N. peacekeeping operation cost the lives of U.S. troops without a clear objective. Republican critics of President Bill Clinton derided him for having no exit strategy, although he had inherited an active military operation from his predecessor, President George H. W. Bush. The criticism was revived later against the U.S. involvement in the Yugoslav wars, including peacekeeping operations in Bosnia and Kosovo and the Kosovo war against Serbia.
The term has been adopted by critics of U.S. involvement in Afghanistan and especially Iraq. President George W. Bush was said to have no exit strategy to remove troops from Iraq, and critics worried about the number of Coalition soldiers and Iraqi civilians who would suffer injury or death as a result.
and strategic management
an exit strategy, exit plan, or strategic withdrawal, is a way to terminate either one's ownership of a company or the operation of some part of the company. Entrepreneurs
devise ways of recouping the capital they have invested in a company. The most common strategy is simply to sell their equity position to someone else.
From time to time, management may decide it is necessary to downsize its operations. This typically involves discontinuing less profitable brands
, product lines
, or operating divisions.