In medicine, pulmonology (aka pneumology) is the specialty that deals with diseases of the lungs and the respiratory tract. It is called chest medicine and respiratory medicine in some countries and areas. Pulmonology is generally considered a branch of internal medicine, although it is closely related to intensive care medicine when dealing with patients requiring mechanical ventilation. Surgery of the respiratory tract is generally performed by specialists in cardiothoracic surgery (or thoracic surgery). Chest medicine is not a specialty in itself but is an inclusive term which pertains to the treatment of diseases of the chest and contains the fields of pulmonology, thoracic surgery, and intensive care medicine. Pulmonology is concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of lung diseases, as well as secondary prevention (tuberculosis). Physicians specializing in this area are called pulmonologists. In the United Kingdom, Ireland, South Africa and Australasia the term "respiratory physician" is used rather than pulmonologist.
Physical diagnostics are as important as in the other fields of medicine.
As many heart diseases can give pulmonary signs, a thorough cardiac investigation is usually included.
Other tools include:
In the United States, pulmonologists are physicians who, after receiving a medical degree MD or DO, complete residency training in internal medicine (3 years), followed by at least 2 additional years of subspeciality fellowship training in pulmonology. Most pulmonologists complete 3 years of combined subspecialty fellowship training in pulmonary medicine and critical care medicine.
In the United States, pediatric pulmonologists are physicians who, after receiving a medical degree MD or DO, complete residency training in pediatrics (3 years), followed by at least 3 additional years of subspeciality fellowship training in pulmonology.
US Patent Issued to Alantum on May 21 for "Filter Device for Reducing Automobile Exhaust Fume" (South Korean Inventor)
May 21, 2013; ALEXANDRIA, Va., May 21 -- United States Patent no. 8,444,738, issued on May 21, was assigned to Alantum Corp. (Seongnam, South...