The Surinam Cherry, Brazilian Cherry, or Cayenne Cherry (Eugenia uniflora) is a plant in the family Myrtaceae, native to tropical America. Known as Pitanga throughout Brazil, it is a large shrub or small tree with a conical form, growing slowly to 8 meters in height. The leaves are glossy green, up to 4 cm long, and new leaves are copper-colored. Fragrant white flowers mature into reddish fruits up to 2 cm in diameter. The flavor ranges from sweet to sour, depending on the cultivar and level of ripeness (the darker red to black range is quite sweet, while the green to orange range is strikingly tart). The Surinam Cherry is often used in gardens as a hedge or screen. The fruit is high in Vitamin C, and its predominant food use is as a flavoring and base for jams and jellies. The tree was introduced to Bermuda for ornamental purposes but has gotten out of control and is now listed as invasive in Bermuda.
For Brazilian Cherry also see Jatobá.
Nutrient composition and sensory properties of juice made from Pitanga cherry (Eugenia uniflora L.) fruits.(Report)
Apr 01, 2010; INTRODUCTION Micronutrient malnutrition or "hidden hunger" is a major public health problem. Thus there is a need for a long-term...
Antinociceptive and hypothermic evaluation of the leaf essential oil and isolated terpenoids from Eugenia uniflova L. (Brazilian Pitanga).(Report)
Oct 01, 2009; Abstract Eugenia uniflora L. (Myrtaceae), known as Brazilian cherry tree, is a fruity tree spread all over Brazil used in popular...