This article is about the Myers-Briggs personality type. For the Socionics ESTj, see Logical Sensory Extrovert.

ESTJ (Extraversion, Sensing, Thinking, Judging) is an acronym used in the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) publications to refer to one of the sixteen personality types. The MBTI assessment was developed from the work of prominent psychiatrist Carl G. Jung in his book Psychological Types, which proposed a psychological typology based on his theories of cognitive functions.

From Jung's work, others developed psychological typologies. Well-known personality tests are the MBTI assessment, developed by Isabel Briggs Myers and Katharine Cook Briggs, and the Keirsey Temperament Sorter, developed by David Keirsey. Keirsey referred to ESTJs as Supervisors, one of the four types belonging to the temperament he called the Guardian.

The MBTI instrument

  • E - Extraversion preferred to Introversion
  • S - Sensing preferred to iNtuition
  • T - Thinking preferred to Feeling
  • J - Judging preferred to Perceiving

Characteristics of ESTJs

Myers-Briggs description

ESTJs are practical, realistic, and matter-of-fact, with a natural head for business or mechanics. Though they are not interested in subjects they see no use for, they can apply themselves when necessary. They like to organize and run activities. ESTJs make good administrators, especially if they remember to consider others' feelings and points of view, which they often miss.

Keirsey description

According to Keirsey, ESTJs are civic-minded individuals who dedicate themselves to maintaining the institutions behind a smooth-running society. They are defenders of the status quo and strong believers in rules and procedures. ESTJs are outgoing and do not hesitate to communicate their opinions and expectations to others.

Interaction Style

According to Linda V. Berens' Interaction Styles model, ESTJs fall into the "In Charge" style, being both "extraverted" (E) and "Directing" (ST). They are outgoing, yet task-oriented, which also explains the behavior described above.

Cognitive functions

  • Dominant Extraverted Thinking (Te)
  • Auxiliary Introverted Sensing (Si)
  • Tertiary Extraverted Intuition (Ne)
  • Inferior Introverted Feeling (Fi)

The dominant Extraverted Thinking (Te) means ESTJs use logical fact-based judgments in the outer world of people and actions. This again explains their behavior and leadership qualities. The auxiliary Introverted Sensing (Si; concrete perception in the inner world of thoughts and feelings) is connected with memory or familiarity, and thus is what leads them to defend the status quo and procedures. Extraverted iNtuition (Ne) is using abstract perception in the outer world, and gives them the ability to conceptualize. However, this is subservient to the inward concrete focus. Last, the Introverted Feeling is a value-based judgment used in the inner world of thoughts and feelings. This is associated with connection or kinship to other people when values or beliefs are "congruent", and hence is the ESTJ's weakest link.

See also


External links

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