Espinel, Vicente Martínez, 1550-1624, Spanish writer, musician, and adventurer. Espinel was notorious for his dissolute life, which his holy vows, taken in 1589, did little to change. An accomplished guitarist, he helped make the instrument popular and is sometimes credited with adding its fifth string. Espinel's Rimas (1591) introduced the decima, or espinela, a new poetic form of 10 eight-syllable lines rhyming abbaaccdde. Espinel is best known for his picaresque, semiautobiographical novel Vida del escudero Marcos de Obregón [the life of Squire Marcos de Obregón] (1618), from which Le Sage adapted episodes and characters for Gil Blas.
Vicente Gómez Martínez-Espinel (Ronda, December 28, 1550 - Madrid, February 4, 1624) was a Spanish writer and musician of the Siglo de Oro.

He is credited with the addition of the 5th string to the guitar and the creation of the modern poetic form of the décima, composed of ten octameters, named espinella in Spanish after him.

He studied at the University of Salamanca, where he adopted as his own his father's second surname, and later on at the universities of Granada and Alcalá. As a latinist, he translated to Spanish Horace's Epistola ad Pisones.

He lived an adventurous life, he was a prisoner of pirates at Argel and a soldier in Italy after being liberated. Afterwards, he moved to Madrid and took the vows in 1589.

In 1618, the printer Juan de la Cuesta published Espinel's picaresque novel Relaciones de la vida del escudero Marcos de Obregón. This book, with several autobiographical details, was printed in France the same year and inspired later Lesage's Gil Blas de Santillana. He also published his Assorted rhymes in 1591.

Lope de Vega, who referred to Espinel as his teacher, dedicated him El caballero de Illescas (1602). Espinel also befriended Cervantes, Góngora (whose poetry he helped to publish) and Quevedo. As his friends, he was a member of congregation Esclavos del Santísimo Sacramento. At the time of his death, he was the chaplain at Madrid, and also the music teacher, of the Plasencia bishop.


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