Esophoria

Esophoria

Esophoria is characterised by inward deviation of the eye usually due to extra-ocular muscle imbalance.

Causes include:

  • refractive errors
  • divergence insufficiency
  • convergence excess, these can be due to nerve, muscle, congenital or mechanical anomalies.

Unlike esotropia, fusion is possible and therefore diplopia is uncommon.

References

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