Equisetum variegatum (commonly known as variegated horsetail or variegated scouring rush) is a horsetail native to the Northern Hemisphere.
It is a variable species with several ecotypes
, some of which have been described as distinct subspecies
. The stems
can grow to 40 cm (occasionally 80 cm) in height but are often much smaller. Some forms have prostrate stems which creep along the ground while other forms grow more erect. The stems are dark blue-green, slender and rough to the touch. They may be unbranched or have branches growing from the base. The stem nodes are covered with a sheath which is marked with a black band and has dark teeth with white edges. The stems are tipped with a small cone
, 3-4 mm across, which is usually green with a black, bluntly-pointed tip.
Distribution and habitat
It is found in northern parts of Europe
and North America
and the Faroe Islands
. Its range extends south as far as the Pyrenees
in Europe, Mongolia
in Asia and Connecticut
in North America.
It prefers open, lime-rich sites, often those which are flooded in winter. It occurs in dune slacks, mountain flushes and beside lakes, rivers and canals.
- Flora of North America. Equisetum variegatum Accessed 30 July 2008.
- Hutchinson, G. (1996) Welsh Ferns, National Museums and Galleries of Wales.
- Page C. N. (1982) The Ferns of Britain and Ireland, Cambridge University Press.
- Preston, C. D. & Pearman, D. A. (2002) New Atlas of the British and Irish Flora, Oxford University Press.
- Stace, Clive A. (1997) New Flora of the British Isles, Cambridge University Press.
- Tutin, T. G. et al. (1964) Flora Europaea, Volume 1. Cambridge University Press.