System of church government by bishops. It existed as early as the 2nd century AD, when bishops were chosen to oversee preaching and worship within a specific region, now called a diocese. Today local congregations are shepherded by priests and deacons, but only bishops can ordain priests, perform the rite of confirmation, and consecrate other bishops. Their special duties are closely tied to the idea of Apostolic succession. Some Protestant churches abandoned episcopacy during the Reformation, but it was retained by the Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Anglican, and Swedish Lutheran churches, among others.
Learn more about episcopacy with a free trial on Britannica.com.
We Began at Tranquebar. Vol. 1: SPCK, the Danish-Halle Mission, and Anglican Episcopacy in India (1706-1843); vol. 2: The Origin and Development of Anglican-CSI Episcopacy in India (1813-1947.(Book review)
Oct 01, 2011; We Began at Tranquebar. Vol. 1: SPCK, the Danish-Halle Mission, and Anglican episcopacy in India (1706-1843); vol. 2: The...