is a disease
caused by the Coxsackie virus
. It is named after the Danish island Bornholm
where the first documented cases occurred.
It is also known as the devil's grip
, devil's grippe
, epidemic myalgia
, epidemic pleurodynia
, epidemic transient diaphragmatic spasm
or The Grasp of the Phantom
The virus that causes devils grip is picornavirus
. It is spread by contact and epidemics usually occur during warm weather in temperate regions and at any time in the tropics. It can also be spread through saliva,tooth paste and feces.
- attacks of severe pain in the lower chest. The slightest movement of the rib cage causes a sharp increase of pain, which makes it very difficult to breathe, and an attack is therefore quite a frightening experience, although it generally passes off before any actual harm occurs. The attacks are unpredictable and strike "out of the blue" with a feeling like an iron grip around the rib cage. The colloquial names for the disease reflect this symptom.
The illness lasts about a week and is rarely fatal. Treatment includes the administration of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents or the application of heat to the affected muscles.