Definitions

enzymically

E number

E numbers are number codes for food additives and are usually found on food labels throughout the European Union. The numbering scheme follows that of the International Numbering System (INS) as determined by the Codex Alimentarius committee. Only a subset of the INS additives are approved for use in the European Union, the 'E' prefix which stands for Europe. In casual language in the UK and Ireland, the term "E-number" is used as a pejorative term for artificial food additives, and products may promote themselves as "free of E-numbers" even though some of the ingredients (e.g. bicarbonate of soda) do have such a code.

E numbers are also encountered on food labeling in other jurisdictions, including the GCC, Australia, New Zealand and Israel. They are increasingly (though still rarely) found on North American packaging, especially in Canada.

Classification by numeric range

100–199
Colours
100–109 yellows
110–119 oranges
120–129 reds
130–139 blues & violets
140–149 greens
150–159 browns & blacks
160–199 others
200–299
Preservatives
200–209 sorbates
210–219 benzoates
220–229 sulphites
230–239 phenols & formates (methanoates)
240–259 nitrates
260–269 acetates (ethanoates)
270–279 lactates
280–289 propionates (propanoates)
290–299 others
300–399
Antioxidants & acidity regulators
300–305 ascorbates (vitamin C)
306–309 Tocopherol (vitamin E)
310–319 gallates & erythorbates
320–329 lactates
330–339 citrates & tartrates
340–349 phosphates
350–359 malates & adipates
360–369 succinates & fumarates
370–399 others
400–499
Thickeners, stabilisers & emulsifiers
400–409 alginates
410–419 natural gums
420–429 other natural agents
430–439 polyoxyethene compounds
440–449 natural emulsifiers
450–459 phosphates
460–469 cellulose compounds
470–489 fatty acids & compounds
490–499 others
500–599
pH regulators & anti-caking agents
500–509 mineral acids & bases
510–519 chlorides & sulphates
520–529 sulphates & hydroxides
530–549 alkali metal compounds
550–559 silicates
570–579 stearates & gluconates
580–599 others
600–699
Flavour enhancers
620–629 glutamates
630–639 inosinates
640–649 others
700–799
Antibiotics
710–713
900–999
Miscellaneous
900–909 waxes
910–919 synthetic glazes
920–929 improving agents
930–949 packaging gases
950–969 sweeteners
990–999 foaming agents
1100–1599
Additional chemicals
New chemicals that do not fall into standard classification schemes
NB: Not all examples of a class fall into the given numeric range. Moreover, many chemicals, particularly in the E400–499 range, have a variety of purposes.

Full list

Each additional has its status:

  • permitted additionals are labeled with N/a;
  • forbidden additionals were proven to cause diseases beyond any doubt;
  • unpermitted additionals are those for which conclusive test data is not yet available either due to ongoing tests or no testing;
  • dangerous additionals may be dangerous for people with chronic diseases.

E100–E199 (colours)

Code Name Purpose Status
E100 Curcumin, turmeric food colouring
E101 Riboflavin (Vitamin B2), formerly called lactoflavin (Vitamin G) food colouring
E101a Riboflavin-5'-Phosphate food colouring
E102 Tartrazine (FD&C Yellow 5) food colouring Unpermitted in the EU
E103 Chrysoine resorcinol food colouring
E104 Quinoline yellow food colouring
E105 Fast Yellow AB food colouring
E106 Riboflavin-5-Sodium Phosphate food colouring
E107 Yellow 2G food colouring
E110 Sunset Yellow FCF, Orange Yellow S, FD&C Yellow 6 food colouring
E111 Orange GGN food colouring
E120 Cochineal, Carminic acid, Carmines, Natural Red 4 food colouring
E121 Citrus Red 2 food colouring Forbidden
E122 Carmoisine, Azorubine food colouring
E123 Amaranth (FD&C Red 2) food colouring Forbidden
E124 Ponceau 4R, Cochineal Red A, Brilliant Scarlet 4R food colouring Unpermitted in the United States
E125 Ponceau SX, Scarlet GN food colouring
E126 Ponceau 6R food colouring
E127 Erythrosine (FD&C Red 3) food colouring Unpermitted
E128 Red 2G food colouring Forbidden
E129 Allura Red AC (FD&C Red 40) food colouring
E130 Indanthrene blue RS food colouring
E131 Patent Blue V food colouring Dangerous
E132 Indigo carmine, Indigotine, FD&C Blue 2 food colouring Dangerous
E133 Brilliant Blue FCF (FD&C Blue 1) food colouring
E140 Chlorophylls and Chlorophyllins: (i) Chlorophylls (ii) Chlorophyllins food colouring
E141 Copper complexes of chlorophylls and chlorophyllins (i) Copper complexes of chlorophylls (ii) Copper complexes of chlorophyllins food colouring
E142 Green S food colouring Unpermitted in the EU
E143 Fast Green FCF (FD&C Green 3) food colouring
E150a Plain Caramel food colouring
E150b Caustic sulfite caramel food colouring
E150c Ammonia caramel food colouring
E150d Sulphite ammonia caramel food colouring
E151 Black PN, Brilliant Black BN food colouring
E152 Black 7984 food colouring
E153 Carbon black, Vegetable carbon food colouring
E154 Brown FK, Kipper Brown food colouring Unpermitted
E155 Brown HT, Chocolate brown HT food colouring
E160a Alpha-carotene, Beta-carotene, Gamma-carotene food colouring
E160b Annatto, bixin, norbixin food colouring Dangerous
E160c Paprika extract, Capsanthin, capsorubin food colouring
E160d Lycopene food colouring
E160e Beta-apo-8'-carotenal (C 30) food colouring
E160f Ethyl ester of beta-apo-8'-carotenic acid (C 30) food colouring
E161a Flavoxanthin food colouring
E161b Lutein food colouring
E161c Cryptoxanthin food colouring
E161d Rubixanthin food colouring
E161e Violaxanthin food colouring
E161f Rhodoxanthin food colouring
E161g Canthaxanthin food colouring
E161h Zeaxanthin food colouring
E161i Citranaxanthin food colouring
E161j Astaxanthin food colouring
E162 Beetroot Red, Betanin food colouring
E163 Anthocyanins food colouring
E170 Calcium carbonate, Chalk food colouring
E171 Titanium dioxide food colouring
E172 Iron oxides and hydroxides food colouring
E173 Aluminium food colouring Unpermitted
E174 Silver food colouring
E175 Gold food colouring
E180 Pigment Rubine, Lithol Rubine BK food colouring Unpermitted
E181 Tannin food colouring
E182 Orcein, Orchil food colouring

E200–E299 (preservatives)

Code Name Purpose Status
E200 Sorbic acid preservative
E201 Sodium sorbate preservative
E202 Potassium sorbate preservative
E203 Calcium sorbate preservative
E209 Heptyl p-hydroxybenzoate preservative
E210 Benzoic acid preservative Dangerous
E211 Sodium benzoate preservative
E212 Potassium benzoate preservative
E213 Calcium benzoate preservative
E214 Ethylparaben (ethyl para-hydroxybenzoate) preservative Dangerous
E215 Sodium ethyl para-hydroxybenzoate preservative
E216 Propylparaben (propyl para-hydroxybenzoate) preservative Forbidden
E217 Sodium propyl para-hydroxybenzoate preservative Forbidden
E218 Methylparaben (methyl para-hydroxybenzoate) preservative
E219 Sodium methyl para-hydroxybenzoate preservative
E220 Sulphur dioxide preservative
E221 Sodium sulphite preservative
E222 Sodium bisulphite (sodium hydrogen sulphite) preservative
E223 Sodium metabisulphite preservative
E224 Potassium metabisulphite preservative
E225 Potassium sulphite preservative
E226 Calcium sulphite preservative
E227 Calcium hydrogen sulphite (preservative) firming agent
E228 Potassium hydrogen sulphite preservative
E230 Biphenyl, diphenyl preservative Dangerous
E231 Orthophenyl phenol preservative Dangerous
E232 Sodium orthophenyl phenol preservative Dangerous
E233 Thiabendazole preservative
E234 Nisin preservative
E235 Natamycin, Pimaracin preservative
E236 Formic acid preservative
E237 Sodium formate preservative
E238 Calcium formate preservative
E239 Hexamine (hexamethylene tetramine) preservative Dangerous
E240 Formaldehyde preservative Forbidden
E242 Dimethyl dicarbonate preservative
E249 Potassium nitrite preservative
E250 Sodium nitrite preservative
E251 Sodium nitrate preservative
E252 Potassium nitrate (Saltpetre) preservative
E260 Acetic acid (preservative) acidity regulator
E261 Potassium acetate (preservative) acidity regulator
E262 Sodium acetates (i) Sodium acetate (ii) Sodium hydrogen acetate (sodium diacetate) preservative, acidity regulator
E263 Calcium acetate (preservative) acidity regulator
E264 Ammonium acetate preservative
E265 Dehydroacetic acid preservative
E266 Sodium dehydroacetate preservative
E270 Lactic acid (preservative) (acid) antioxidant
E280 Propionic acid preservative
E281 Sodium propionate preservative
E282 Calcium propionate preservative
E283 Potassium propionate preservative
E284 Boric acid preservative
E285 Sodium tetraborate (borax) preservative
E290 Carbon dioxide acidity regulator
E296 Malic acid (acid) acidity regulator
E297 Fumaric acid acidity regulator

E300–E399 (antioxidants, acidity regulators)

Code Name Purpose Status
E300 Ascorbic acid (Vitamin C) antioxidant
E301 Sodium ascorbate antioxidant
E302 Calcium ascorbate antioxidant
E303 Potassium ascorbate antioxidant
E304 Fatty acid esters of ascorbic acid (i) Ascorbyl palmitate antioxidant
E305 (ii) Ascorbyl stearate antioxidant
E306 Tocopherol-rich extract (natural) antioxidant
E307 Alpha-tocopherol (synthetic) antioxidant
E308 Gamma-tocopherol (synthetic) antioxidant
E309 Delta-tocopherol (synthetic) antioxidant
E310 Propyl gallate antioxidant
E311 Octyl gallate antioxidant Dangerous
E312 Dodecyl gallate antioxidant Dangerous
E313 Ethyl gallate antioxidant Dangerous
E314 Guaiac resin antioxidant
E315 Erythorbic acid antioxidant
E316 Sodium erythorbate antioxidant
E317 Erythorbin acid antioxidant
E318 Sodium erythorbin antioxidant
E319 tert-Butylhydroquinone (TBHQ) antioxidant
E320 Butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) antioxidant
E321 Butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) antioxidant
E322 Lecithin emulsifier
E323 Anoxomer antioxidant
E324 Ethoxyquin antioxidant
E325 Sodium lactate acidity regulator
E326 Potassium lactate (antioxidant) acidity regulator
E327 Calcium lactate acidity regulator
E328 Ammonium lactate acidity regulator
E329 Magnesium lactate acidity regulator
E330 Citric acid acid, acidity regulator
E331 Sodium citrates (i) Monosodium citrate (ii) Disodium citrate (iii) Sodium citrate (trisodium citrate) acidity regulator
E332 Potassium citrates (i) Monopotassium citrate (ii) Potassium citrate (tripotassium citrate) acidity regulator
E333 Calcium citrates (i) Monocalcium citrate (ii) Dicalcium citrate (iii) Calcium citrate (tricalcium citrate) acidity regulator, firming agent, sequestrant
E334 Tartaric acid (L(+)-) (acid)
E335 Sodium tartrates (i) Monosodium tartrate (ii), Disodium tartrate acidity regulator
E336 Potassium tartrates (i) Monopotassium tartrate (cream of tartar) (ii) Dipotassium tartrate acidity regulator
E337 Sodium potassium tartrate acidity regulator
E338 Orthophosphoric acid acid
E339 Sodium phosphates (i) Monosodium phosphate (ii) Disodium phosphate (iii) Trisodium phosphate antioxidant
E340 Potassium phosphates (i) Monopotassium phosphate (ii) Dipotassium phosphate (iii) Tripotassium phosphate antioxidant
E341 Calcium phosphates (i) Monocalcium phosphate (ii) Dicalcium phosphate (iii) Tricalcium phosphate anti-caking agent, firming agent
E342 Ammonium phosphates: (i) Monoammonium Ortophosphate (ii) Diammonium Ortophosphate
E343 Magnesium phosphates (i) monomagnesium phosphate (ii) Dimagnesium phosphate anti-caking agent This additive is under discussion and may be included in a future amendment to the Directive on miscellaneous additives
E344 Lecitin citrate acidity regulator
E345 Magnesium citrate acidity regulator
E349 Ammonium malate acidity regulator
E350 Sodium malates (i) Sodium malate (ii) Sodium hydrogen malate acidity regulator
E351 Potassium malate acidity regulator
E352 Calcium malates (i) Calcium malate (ii) Calcium hydrogen malate acidity regulator
E353 Metatartaric acid emulsifier
E354 Calcium tartrate emulsifier
E355 Adipic acid acidity regulator
E356 Sodium adipate acidity regulator
E357 Potassium adipate acidity regulator
E359 Ammonium adipate acidity regulator
E363 Succinic acid acidity regulator
E365 Sodium fumarate acidity regulator
E366 Potassium fumarate acidity regulator
E367 Calcium fumarate acidity regulator
E368 Ammonium fumarate acidity regulator
E370 1,4-Heptonolactone acidity regulator
E375 Niacin (nicotinic acid), Nicotinamide colour retention agent
E380 Triammonium citrate acidity regulator
E381 Ammonium ferric citrate acidity regulator
E383 Calcium glycerylphosphate acidity regulator
E384 Isopropyl citrate acidity regulator
E385 Calcium disodium ethylene diamine tetraacetate, (Calcium disodium EDTA) sequestrant
E386 Disodium ethylene diamine tetraacetate (Disodium EDTA) sequestrant
E387 Oxystearin
E388 Thiodipropionic acid Unpermitted
E389 Dilauryl thiodipropionate Unpermitted
E390 Distearyl thiodipropionate
E391 Phytic acid
E399 Calcium lactobionate

E400–E499 (thickeners, stabilizers, emulsifiers)

Code Name Purpose Status
E400 Alginic acid (thickener) (stabiliser) (gelling agent) emulsifier
E401 Sodium alginate (thickener) (stabiliser) (gelling agent) emulsifier
E402 Potassium alginate (thickener) (stabiliser) (gelling agent) emulsifier
E403 Ammonium alginate (thickener) (stabiliser) emulsifier
E404 Calcium alginate (thickener) (stabiliser) (gelling agent) emulsifier
E405 Propane-1,2-diol alginate (Propylene glycol alginate) (thickener) (stabiliser) emulsifier
E406 Agar (thickener) (gelling agent) stabiliser
E407 Carrageenan (thickener) (stabiliser) (gelling agent) emulsifier
E407a Processed eucheuma seaweed (thickener) (stabiliser) (gelling agent) emulsifier
E408 Bakers yeast glycan
E409 Arabinogalactan
E410 Locust bean gum (Carob gum) (thickener) (stabiliser) (gelling agent) emulsifier
E411 Oat gum(thickener) stabiliser
E412 Guar gum (thickener) stabiliser
E413 Tragacanth (thickener) (stabiliser) emulsifier
E414 Acacia gum (gum arabic) (thickener) (stabiliser) emulsifier
E415 Xanthan gum (thickener) stabiliser
E416 Karaya gum (thickener) (stabiliser) emulsifier
E417 Tara gum (thickener) stabiliser
E418 Gellan gum (thickener) (stabiliser) emulsifier
E419 Gum ghatti (thickener) (stabiliser) emulsifier
E420 Sorbitol (i) Sorbitol (ii) Sorbitol syrup (emulsifier) (sweetener) humectant
E421 Mannitol (anti-caking agent) sweetener
E422 Glycerol (emulsifier) sweetener
E424 Curdlan Unpermitted
E425 Konjac (i) Konjac gum (ii) Konjac glucomannane emulsifier Unpermitted in the EU
E426 Soybean hemicellulose
E429 Peptones
E430 Polyoxyethene (8) stearate (emulsifier) stabiliser
E431 Polyoxyethene (40) stearate emulsifier
E432 Polyoxyethene (20) sorbitan monolaurate (polysorbate 20) emulsifier
E433 Polyoxyethene (20) sorbitan monooleate (polysorbate 80) emulsifier
E434 Polyoxyethene (20) sorbitan monopalmitate (polysorbate 40) emulsifier
E435 Polyoxyethene (20) sorbitan monostearate (polysorbate 60) emulsifier
E436 Polyoxyethene (20) sorbitan tristearate (polysorbate 65) emulsifier
E440 Pectins (i) pectin (ii) amidated pectin emulsifier
E441 Gelatine (emulsifier) gelling agent
E442 Ammonium phosphatides emulsifier
E443 Brominated vegetable oil
E444 Sucrose acetate isobutyrate emulsifier
E445 Glycerol esters of wood resins emulsifier
E446 Succistearin
E450 Diphosphates (i) Disodium diphosphate (ii) Trisodium diphosphate (iii) Tetrasodium diphosphate (iv) Dipotassium diphosphate (v) Tetrapotassium diphosphate (vi) Dicalcium diphosphate (vii) Calcium dihydrogen diphosphate emulsifier
E451 Triphosphates (i) Sodium tripolyphosphate (pentasodium triphosphate) (ii) Pentapotassium triphosphate emulsifier
E452 Polyphosphates (i) Sodium polyphosphates (ii) Potassium polyphosphates (iii) Sodium calcium polyphosphate (iv) Calcium polyphosphates (v) Ammonium Polyphosphate emulsifier
E459 Beta-cyclodextrine emulsifier
E460 Cellulose (i) Microcrystalline cellulose (ii) Powdered cellulose emulsifier
E461 Methyl cellulose emulsifier
E462 Ethyl cellulose emulsifier
E463 Hydroxypropyl cellulose emulsifier
E464 Hydroxy propyl methyl cellulose, = hypromellose emulsifier
E465 Ethyl methyl cellulose emulsifier
E466 Carboxymethyl cellulose, Sodium carboxy methyl cellulose emulsifier
E467 Ethyl hydroxyethyl cellulose
E468 Crosslinked sodium carboxymethyl cellulose (Croscarmellose) emulsifier This additive is under discussion and may be included in a future amendment to the Directive on miscellaneous additives
E469 Enzymically hydrolysed carboxymethylcellulose emulsifier
E470 Salts of fatty acids with base Al, Ca, Na, Mg, K and NH4
E470a Sodium, potassium and calcium salts of fatty acids (emulsifier) anti-caking agent
E470b Magnesium salts of fatty acids (emulsifier) anti-caking agent
E471 Mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids (glyceryl monostearate, glyceryl distearate) emulsifier
E472a Acetic acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids emulsifier
E472b Lactic acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids emulsifier
E472c Citric acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids emulsifier
E472d Tartaric acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids emulsifier
E472e Mono- and diacetyl tartaric acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids emulsifier
E472f Mixed acetic and tartaric acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids emulsifier
E472g Succinylated monoglycerides emulsifier
E473 Sucrose esters of fatty acids emulsifier
E474 Sucroglycerides emulsifier
E475 Polyglycerol esters of fatty acids emulsifier
E476 Polyglycerol polyricinoleate emulsifier
E477 Propane-1, 2-diol esters of fatty acids, propylene glycol esters of fatty acids emulsifier
E478 Lactylated fatty acid esters of glycerol and propane-1 emulsifier
E479b Thermally oxidized soya bean oil interacted with mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids emulsifier
E480 Dioctyl sodium sulphosuccinate emulsifier
E481 Sodium stearoyl-2-lactylate emulsifier
E482 Calcium stearoyl-2-lactylate emulsifier
E483 Stearyl tartrate emulsifier
E484 Stearyl citrate emulsifier
E485 Sodium Stearoyl Fumarate emulsifier
E486 Calcium Stearoyl Fumarate emulsifier
E487 Sodium laurylsulphate emulsifier
E488 Ethoxylated Mono- and Di-Glycerides emulsifier
E489 Methyl Glucoside - Coconut Oil Ester emulsifier
E490 Propane-1,2-diol
E491 Sorbitan monostearate emulsifier
E492 Sorbitan tristearate emulsifier
E493 Sorbitan monolaurate emulsifier
E494 Sorbitan monooleate emulsifier
E495 Sorbitan monopalmitate emulsifier
E496 Sorbitan trioleat emulsifier
E497 Polyoxypropylene-polyoxyethylene polymers
E498 Partial polyglycerol esters of polycondensed fatty acids of castor oil
E499 Cassia gum

E500–E599 (acidity regulators, anti-caking agents)

Code Name Purpose Status
E500 Sodium carbonates (i) Sodium carbonate (ii) Sodium bicarbonate (Sodium hydrogen carbonate) (iii) Sodium sesquicarbonate (acidity regulator) raising agent
E501 Potassium carbonates (i) Potassium carbonate (ii) Potassium bicarbonate (Potassium hydrogen carbonate) acidity regulator
E503 Ammonium carbonates (i) Ammonium carbonate (ii) Ammonium bicarbonate (Ammonium hydrogen carbonate) acidity regulator
E504 Magnesium carbonates (i) Magnesium carbonate (ii) Magnesium bicarbonate Magnesium hydrogen carbonate acidity regulator, anti-caking agent
E505 Ferrous carbonate
E507 Hydrochloric acid acid
E508 Potassium chloride (gelling agent) seasoning
E509 Calcium chloride (sequestrant) firming agent
E510 Ammonium chloride, ammonia solution (acidity regulator) improving agent
E511 Magnesium chloride firming agent
E512 Stannous chloride antioxidant Unpermitted
E513 Sulphuric acid acid
E514 Sodium sulphates (i) Sodium sulphate (ii)
E515 Potassium Sulphates (i) Potassium Sulphate (ii)
E516 Calcium sulphate
E517 Ammonium sulphate improving agent
E518 Magnesium sulfate (Epsom salts), (acidity regulator) firming agent
E519 Copper(II) sulphate preservative
E520 Aluminium sulphate firming agent
E521 Aluminium sodium sulphate firming agent
E522 Aluminium potassium sulphate acidity regulator
E523 Aluminium ammonium sulphate acidity regulator
E524 Sodium hydroxide acidity regulator
E525 Potassium hydroxide acidity regulator
E526 Calcium hydroxide (acidity regulator) firming agent
E527 Ammonium hydroxide acidity regulator
E528 Magnesium hydroxide acidity regulator
E529 Calcium oxide (acidity regulator) improving agent
E530 Magnesium oxide (acidity regulator) anti-caking agent
E535 Sodium ferrocyanide (acidity regulator) anti-caking agent
E536 Potassium ferrocyanide anti-caking agent
E537 Ferrous hexacyanomanganate Unpermitted
E538 Calcium ferrocyanide anti-caking agent
E539 Sodium thiosulphate
E540 Dicalcium diphosphate (acidity regulator) emulsifier
E541 Sodium aluminium phosphate (i) Acidic (ii) Basic emulsifier
E542 Bone phosphate (Essentiale Calcium Phosphate, Tribasic) anti-caking agent
E543 Calcium sodium polyphosphate
E544 Calcium polyphosphate emulsifier
E545 Ammonium polyphosphate emulsifier
E550 Sodium Silicates (i) Sodium silicate (ii) Sodium metasilicate anti-caking agent
E551 Silicon dioxide (Silica) anti-caking agent
E552 Calcium silicate anti-caking agent
E553a (i) Magnesium silicate (ii) Magnesium trisilicate anti-caking agent
E553b Talc anti-caking agent
E554 Sodium aluminosilicate (sodium aluminium silicate) anti-caking agent
E555 Potassium aluminium silicate anti-caking agent
E556 Calcium aluminosilicate (calcium aluminium silicate) anti-caking agent
E557 Zinc silicate Unpermitted
E558 Bentonite anti-caking agent
E559 Aluminium silicate (Kaolin) anti-caking agent
E560 Potassium silicate anti-caking agent
E561 Vermiculite
E562 Sepiolite
E563 Sepiolitic clay
E565 Lignosulphonates
E566 Natrolite-phonolite
E570 Stearic acid (Fatty acid) anti-caking agent
E572 Magnesium stearate, calcium stearate (emulsifier) anti-caking agent
E574 Gluconic acid acidity regulator
E575 Glucono-delta-lactone (acidity regulator) sequestrant
E576 Sodium gluconate sequestrant
E577 Potassium gluconate sequestrant
E578 Calcium gluconate firming agent
E579 Ferrous gluconate food colouring
E580 Magnesium gluconate
E585 Ferrous lactate food colouring
E586 4-Hexylresorcinol antioxidant
E598 Synthetic calcium aluminates
E599 Perlite

E600–E699 (flavour enhancers)

Code Name Purpose Status
E620 Glutamic acid flavour enhancer
E621 Monosodium glutamate (MSG) flavour enhancer
E622 Monopotassium glutamate flavour enhancer
E623 Calcium diglutamate flavour enhancer
E624 Monoammonium glutamate flavour enhancer
E625 Magnesium diglutamate flavour enhancer
E626 Guanylic acid flavour enhancer
E627 Disodium guanylate, sodium guanylate flavour enhancer
E628 Dipotassium guanylate flavour enhancer
E629 Calcium guanylate flavour enhancer
E630 Inosinic acid flavour enhancer
E631 Disodium inosinate flavour enhancer
E632 Dipotassium inosinate flavour enhancer
E633 Calcium inosinate flavour enhancer
E634 Calcium 5'-ribonucleotides flavour enhancer
E635 Disodium 5'-ribonucleotides flavour enhancer
E636 Maltol flavour enhancer
E637 Ethyl maltol flavour enhancer
E640 Glycine and its sodium salt flavour enhancer
E641 L-leucine flavour enhancer
E642 Lysine hydrochloride flavour enhancer
E650 Zinc acetate flavour enhancer

E700–E799 (antibiotics)

Code Name Purpose Status
E710 Spiramycins
E713 Tylosin

E900–E999 (miscellaneous)

Code Name Purpose Status
E900 Dimethyl polysiloxane (anti-foaming agent) anti-caking agent
E901 Beeswax , white and yellow glazing agent
E902 Candelilla wax glazing agent
E903 Carnauba wax glazing agent
E904 Shellac glazing agent
E905 Paraffins
E905a Mineral oil anti-foaming agent
E905b Petrolatum
E905c Petroleum wax (i)Microcrystalline wax (ii) Paraffin wax glazing agent
E906 Gum benzoic flavour enhancer
E907 Crystalline wax glazing agent
E908 Rice bran wax glazing agent
E909 Spermaceti Wax glazing agent
E910 Wax esters glazing agent
E911 Methyl esters of fatty acids glazing agent
E912 Montan wax glazing agent Unpermitted
E913 Lanolin, sheep wool grease glazing agent
E914 Oxidized polyethylene wax glazing agent Unpermitted
E915 Esters of colophony glazing agent
E916 Calcium iodate Unpermitted
E917 Potassium iodate Unpermitted
E918 Nitrogen oxides Unpermitted
E919 Nitrogen chloride Unpermitted
E920 L-cysteine improving agent
E921 L-cystine improving agent
E922 Potassium persulfate improving agent Unpermitted
E923 Ammonium persulfate improving agent Unpermitted
E924 Potassium bromate improving agent
E924b Calcium bromate improving agent Unpermitted
E925 Chlorine preservative, bleach, improving agent Unpermitted
E926 Chlorine dioxide (preservative) bleach Unpermitted
E927a Azodicarbonamide improving agent
E927b Carbamide (urea) improving agent
E928 Benzoyl peroxide (improving agent) bleach
E929 Acetone peroxide Unpermitted
E930 Calcium peroxide (improving agent) bleach
E938 Argon packaging gas
E939 Helium packaging gas
E940 Dichlorodifluoromethane packaging gas Rarely used
E941 Nitrogen (packaging gas) propellant
E942 Nitrous oxide propellant
E943a Butane propellant
E943b Isobutane propellant
E944 Propane propellant
E945 Chloropentafluoroethane propellant
E946 Octafluorocyclobutane propellant
E948 Oxygen packaging gas
E949 Hydrogen packaging gas
E950 Acesulfame potassium sweetener
E951 Aspartame sweetener
E952 Cyclamic acid and its sodium and calcium salts, also known as Cyclamate sweetener
E953 Isomalt, Isomaltitol sweetener
E954 Saccharin and its sodium, potassium and calcium salts sweetener
E955 Sucralose (Trichlorogalactosucrose) sweetener
E956 Alitame sweetener
E957 Thaumatin (sweetener) flavour enhancer
E958 Glycyrrhizin (sweetener) flavour enhancer
E959 Neohesperidine dihydrochalcone (sweetener) flavour enhancer
E960 Stevioside sweetener
E961 Neotame
E962 Aspartame-acesulfame salt (sweetener) stabiliser
E965 Maltitol (i) Maltitol (ii) Maltitol syrup (sweetener) (stabiliser) humectant
E966 Lactitol sweetener
E967 Xylitol sweetener
E968 Erythritol humectant
E999 Quillaia extract foaming agent

E1000–E1999 (additional chemicals)

Code Name Purpose Status
E1000 Cholic acid emulsifier
E1001 Choline salts emulsifier
E1100 Amylase
E1101 Protease stabiliser, flavour enhancer
E1102 Glucose oxidase
E1103 Invertase stabiliser
E1104 Lipases
E1105 Lysozyme preservative
E1200 Polydextrose stabiliser, thickening agent, humectant, carrier
E1201 Polyvinylpyrrolidone stabiliser
E1202 Polyvinylpolypyrrolidone (carrier) stabiliser
E1204 Pullulan
E1400 Dextrin (stabiliser) thickening agent
E1401 Modified starch (stabiliser) thickening agent
E1402 Alkaline modified starch (stabiliser) thickening agent
E1403 Bleached starch (stabiliser) thickening agent
E1404 Oxidized starch (emulsifier) thickening agent
E1405 Enzyme treated starch
E1410 Monostarch phosphate (stabiliser) thickening agent
E1411 Distarch glycerol (thickening agent) emulsifier
E1412 Distarch phosphate (stabiliser) thickening agent
E1413 Phosphated distarch phosphate (stabiliser) thickening agent
E1414 Acetylated distarch phosphate (emulsifier) thickening agent
E1420 Acetylated starch, mono starch acetate (stabiliser) thickening agent
E1421 Acetylated starch, mono starch acetate (stabiliser) thickening agent
E1422 Acetylated Distarch Adipate (stabiliser) thickening agent
E1423 Acetylated distarch glycerol thickening agent
E1430 Distarch glycerine (stabiliser) thickening agent
E1440 Hydroxy propyl starch (emulsifier) thickening agent
E1441 Hydroxy propyl distarch glycerine (stabiliser) thickening agent
E1442 Hydroxy propyl distarch phosphate (stabiliser) thickening agent
E1443 Hydroxy propyl distarch glycerol
E1450 Starch sodium octenyl succinate (emulsifier) (stabiliser) thickening agent
E1451 Acetylated oxidised starch (emulsifier) thickening agent
E1501 Benzylated hydrocarbons
E1502 Butane-1, 3-diol
E1503 Castor oil
E1504 Ethyl acetate
E1505 Triethyl citrate foam stabiliser
E1510 Ethanol
E1516 Glyceryl monoacetate
E1517 Glyceryl diacetate or diacetin
E1518 Glyceryl triacetate or triacetin humectant
E1519 Benzyl alcohol
E1520 Propylene glycol humectant
E1521 Polyethylene glycerol
E1525 Hydroxy ethyl cellulose

See also

External links

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