Definitions

enamor

List of Latin words with English derivatives

This is a list of Latin words with derivatives in English (and other modern languages).

Note that ancient orthography did not distinguish between i and j or between u and v. Many modern works distinguish u from v but not i from j. In this article both distinctions are shown as they are helpful when tracing the origin of English words. See also Latin spelling and pronunciation.

Nouns and adjectives

The citation form for nouns (the one normally shown in Latin dictionaries) is the nominative singular, but this typically does not exhibit the root form from which English from Latin nouns are generally derived.

In some Latin verbs, a preposition caused a vowel change in the root of the verb. For example, "capiō" becomes "incipio".

Latin Nouns and Adjectives
Citation Form Declining Stem Meaning English Derivative
acerbus acerb-bitter acerbic
ad ad- toward advertisement
aedificium aedifici- building edifice
alacer alacr- quick alacrity
album alb- white album
alius ali-other alien
anima anim- soul,life animate
annus ann- year annual
aqua aqu- water aquamarine
aquatic
audax audac- brave, bold audacious
auris aur- ear aural
avis av- bird avian
aviary
bellum bell- war bellicose
belligerence
bonus
– melior
– optimus
bon-
– melior-
– optim-
good
– better
– best
bonus
ameliorate
optimum
bōs bov- cow bovine
canis can- dog canine
cīvis civit- citizen civil
civilian
coniunx coniug- spouse conjugal
cornu corn- horn unicorn
deus de- god deity
diēs diē- day diet
discipulus discipul- student disciple
dominus domin- lord dominion
dominate
domus dom- house domain
domestic
domicile
fēmina fēmin- woman feminine
filius fili- son filial
forma form- form, shape, beauty form
fors fort- luck fortuitous
fortitudō fortitudin- strength fortitude
frater fratr- brother fraternity
genus gener- birth
offspring
generation
homō homin- man (human being) hominid
insula insul- island insulate
peninsula
insular
jūdex jūdic- judge judge
judicial
adjudicate
jūs jūr- right
law
justice
lachryma lachrym- tear lachrymose
lex lēg- law legal
lūna lūn- moon lunar
lupus lup- wolf lupine
magister magistr- teacher magistrate
magnus
– mājor
– maximus
magn-
– mājor-
– maxim-
big
– bigger
– biggest
magnitude
major
maximum
manus manu- hand
band of men
manual
mare mar- sea marine
maritime
māter mātr- mother matron
maternal
mora mor- delay moratorium
nihil nihil- nothing nil
nihilism
annihilate
nox noct- night nocturnal
oculus ocul- eye inoculate
ocular
onus oner- load exonerate
onus
pater patr- father patron
paternal
patriarch
pavimentum paviment- ground pavement
pes ped- foot pedestrian
pulcher pulchr- beautiful pulchritude yo
rex rēg- king regal
rūs rūr- farm rural
rustic
sinister sinistr- left sinister
terra terr- land terrestrial
terrain
unda und- wave undulate
urbs urb- city urban
vehiculum vehicul- wagon vehicle
veritas veritat- truth veracity
verify
villa vill- country house village
villa
vir vir- man (male person) virile
Latin Verbs
Citation form Present stem Perfect stem Participial stem Meaning Typical derivative
agō ag- eg- āct- do agent, action
amō am- amav- amat- like
love
enamor
audiō aud- audiv- audit- hear audible
capiō
-cipiō
cap- cep-
-cip-
capt-
-cept-
take capable, captive
recipient, reception
cēdō cēd- cess- yield, depart recede, recession
cogitō cogit- cogitav- cogitat- think
ponder
cogitate
claudō
-clūdō
claud-
-clūd-
claus-
-clūs-
close conclude, conclusive
dubitō dubit- dubitav- dubitat- doubt indubitable
faciō
-ficiō
fac- fec-
-fic-
fact-
-fect-
make effective, factory
ferō fer- tul- lāt- bring reference, relation
fīgō fīg- fīx- fix crucifixion
fingō fing- fict fashion, invent fiction @$*!
gradior
-gredior
gradi-
-gredi-
gress-
-gress-
none step ingredient, progressive
gustō gust- gustav- gustat- taste gustation
jaciō
-(j)iciō
jac- jec-
(j)ic-
jact-
-ject-
throw projectile
inject
laudō laud- laudav- laudat- praise laud
laudable
locō loc- locav- locat- place
put
location
lūdō lūd- lūs- play collude, collusion
mergō merg- mers- dip emerge, immerse
mittō mitt- mīs- miss- send commit, missive
moveō mov- mov- mot- move move
motor
motive
motion
nascor nasci natus none to be born natal
prenatal
necō nec- necav- necat- dead necrophilia, necrophilia
nōscō
-gnōscō
nōsc-
-gnōsc-
nosc- nōt-
-gnōt-, -gnit-
know notable
cognitive
nuntiō nunt- nuntiav- nuntiat- bring news of, announce announce
petō pet- petiv- petit- seek
attack
petulant
pōnō pōn- posu- posit- put component, position
premō
-primō
prem- press- press- push pressure, oppress
pugnō pugn- pugnav- pugnat- fight pugnacious
putō put- putav- putat- think compute
putative
relinquō relinqu- reliqu- relict- abandon relinquish
rumpō rump- rup- rupt- break rupture
sciō sc- sciv- scit- know science
scrībō scrīb- scrips- scrīpt- write scripture
sedeō sed- sed- sess- sit sedentary
sediment
sequor seq- secut- sum follow sequence
sum es- fu- futur- be essence, future
vertō vert- vers- vers- turn reverse, revert
videō vidē- vid- vīs- see vision
vivō viv- vix- vict- live vivacity
volō vell- volu- wish volition
malevolent
benevolent
volvō volv- volūt- roll revolve, revolution

Prepositions used to form compound words

 
   
   

   


   


   


   


   


   


   


   

   


   


   


   


   


   

   
Latin Preposition
Latin wordMeaningPrefix
adto, towardad-
cumwith, togethercon-, com-, col-
down from, aboutde-
ē, exout ofex, e-, ec-
inin, intoin-, im-, il-
interbetweeninter-, intel-
juxtānear, close tojuxtā
obin front of, on account ofob-, oc-
praebeforeprae-(pre-)
reagain, backre-, red-
away fromse-
perthroughper-
prōfor, in front of, on behalf ofpro-
postafter, behindpost-
subundersub-, sus-, suc-
superabove, on top ofsuper-
trānsacrosstrans-
ultrabeyondultra-

 

Other parts of speech

{| border="1" style="border-collapse: collapse;" !Latin word||meaning|| |- |paene||almost||penultimate, peninsula |- |primo||first||prime, primate |- |satis||enough (of)||satisfy |-

See also

External links

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