Eluru

Eluru

Eluru or Ellore, city (1991 pop. 212,866), Andhra Pradesh state, E central India. It is a district administrative center, lying at the junction of the Krishna and Godavari canal systems. Carpet making, tanning, and textile manufacture are important. Extensive ruins 8 mi (12.9 km) N of Eluru are thought to be the site of the capital of the Buddhist kingdom of Vengi (c.A.D. 600-c.A.D. 1000).
Eluru is a munucipal corporation in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India. It is the headquarters of West Godavari district and has a population of 189,772 (agglomeration 215,343] (2001 census). Eluru is situated on the national highway connecting Vijayawada and Visakhapatnam. Eluru was earlier called Helapuri and has a rich cultural and political history. It was believed to have been the capital of Vishnukundinas at one time. Kolleru Lake a big fresh water lake is found near Eluru.

During the division of Northern Cirkars into districts, Eluru was made a part of Machilipatnam district. Later, it was included in the Godavari District in 1859. Subsequently, Eluru was made part of the Krishna District. Finally, in the year 1925, West Godavari District was formed with Eluru as its Headquarters and all the district offices and regional offices were set up in Eluru town. The government of Andhra Pradesh recently upgraded Eluru municipality as a municipal corporation. Orders were issued in the month of April 2005. In that process some of the surrounding villages were merged in the city, that is why the city's population has been raised up to 3,50,000. It is known for its well established educational institutes like C.R.Reddy College. It is the hub for the paddy, tobacco, coconut exports to all other parts of the state. It is well known for the carpets and incense sticks (Agarbatti in Telugu) exports to all over the country.

Geography

Eluru is located at . It has an average elevation of 22 metres (72 feet).

Climate

Eluru city falls in the hot humid region of the country and it is less than 40 miles from Bay of Bengal. The climate of the town is very hot and it is pleasant during the winter. The hottest day falls in the month of May with shift to June during some years. The maximum temperature observed is 51.7C and the minimum temperature observed is 12.90C.

Demography

The population of the city increased from 33,521 in 1901 to 2,12,866 in 1991 registering a growth of 55% during the period from 1901 – 1991. The literacy rate of the city has been 72% as per 1991 census. The city recorded a growth rate of 26.63% during 1981–91. In 2001 the population increased slightly to 2,15,642. In the middle of the year 2005 the city has the population of around 2,50,000.

Getting there

Road

Eluru is well connected to most cities and towns in Andhra Pradesh by the state road transport corporation APSRTC. The city is situated at a distance of 60 km North East of Vijayawada, on the National Highway 5 (which connects Chennai and Kolkatta). Eluru is situated at a distance of 70 km from Narsapur, 75 km from Tanuku,61 km from Bhimavaram, 50 km from Jangareddy gudem and 51 km from Tadepalligudem. The city is accessible by train and bus and there are frequent buses from Narsapur, Palakollu, Tadepalligudem and Tanuku. and Jangareddy gudem NH 5, part of the golden quadrilateral (i.e., Kolkata to Chennai), passes through Eluru.

Rail

The broad gauge railway line on the East Cost connecting Madras and Kolkata passes through the city. There are daily passenger trains to Hyderabad, Delhi, Chennai, Kolkatta throughout the day.

You can go to Eluru by Train Which arrive to Secunderabad Railway Station at 8:30PM. The Journey takes about 7 Hours. There are two Stations in Eluru to get off from Train which are Eluru Station and Power Pet Station.

Air

Gannavaram is the nearest airport(40km). Air Deccan operates regular flights from Hyderabad ,Bangalore and Chennai to Gannavaram. Kingfisher airlines operates daily flights from Hyderabad. Rajhamundry airport is also close to Eluru which has very good connectivity to Hyderabad airport.

Education

  • Sir c r r college of engineering
  • Nova's institute of technology
  • Sri ramachandra Engineering College.
  • Eluru College of Engineering.

High schools

  • Srimathi Eedara Subbamma Devi Municipal High School is one of the reputed schools in the city. It is in the heart of the city. It maintains good standards of education enriched with good environment to study. The present governor of Reserve Bank of India Sri Duvvuri Subba Rao studied in this school. A large number of students in the field of engineering, science, medicine etc emerged from this school.
  • Sri Gandhi Andhra Jathiya Maha Vidyalayam High School is also one of the reputed schools in the city.
  • K.P.D.T High school is also one of the reputed schools in the city. It has two campuses: at Ashok Nagar (main school) and Agraharam (branch school). This school was established before Indian independence in 1947.

Sir C.R.R. educational institutions

This institution is one of the good institutions in the state of Andhra Pradesh.
It is established in early 30's of the twentieth century.
So many great people are the students of this institution.
Now a days it Accredited by national assessment
and accreditation council NAAC- with 'A' Grade.
In two or three years this institution will grow into a deemed university.

  • Public School
  • Model High School
  • Junior / Degree College
  • P.G. College
  • Law College
  • B.Ed. College
  • Women's College
  • Polytechnic College
  • Engineering College
  • B Pharmacy College

St. Theresa's educational institutions

  • Elementary School

This Elementary school is a very good school ideal for children of all walks. This school is a very old school and has got lot of good educationalists passed out. The school has a very large campus and caring environment. This is one of the best school in Eluru ideally situated in the middle of the town.

  • High School
  • Junior College
  • Degree College
  • P.G. College

C.S.I. educational institutions

  • Christian missionary
  • well decipline
  • Elementary School
  • High School

Divya Gnana Vidya Samithi institutions

  • K.P.D.T. High Schools
  • S.P.D.B.T. Junior College

St. Xavier's

  • St. Xavier's Elementary School (Coeducational convent) (EM & TM)
  • St. Xavier's High School (EM & TM)(only for Boys)
  • St. Xavier's ITI (Polytechnic & Vocational Courses)

St. Xavier's is considered to be the oldest and best boys schools in West Godavari district. Educated lakhs of students since its established. This school is completely aided by the state government and education cost less then 10$ for a year. Not only Anand Rajanala , Tulasi Ram Prasad also Studied in this Very Best school

St. Johns College of Education

  • B.Ed.

VSRI Computer Education Vegesna Suryanarayana Raju Institute of Computer Education, well known institute exclusively for M C A, started in 2002 is running effectively and efficiently in producing Software Engineers. It is located 2 km from Eluru Railway Station and near to palagudem(malkapuram).

Other

siddartha high school sri bharathi school gowtham residencial school gowtham concept school s.k residential sarvani public school sree sree educational society In addition to the above Educational Institutions, many private Residential Junior Colleges, High Schools and Technical Institutions are present in Eluru and thousands of students from various places of the District and State study in these institutions every year.

Industries

The city of Eluru is internationally famous for Persian carpets. It is also well known for hand rolled agarabathis, and the hair and jute industries. The upland areas of West Godavari District like Jangareddigudem, Chintalapudi, etc., are now harnessing the ground water and financially became sound, due to the cultivation of rich commercial crops like Tobacco, Palm-Oil, Cocoa etc., Eluru is the major commercial centre for all these areas.

Eluru Carpets, Eluru Handlooms

Eluru is famous for its thriving woollen pile carpet industry. The Persians who migrated to this part of the world during the Muhammaddin regime have developed the carpet industry. Most of the carpets produced here are exported.Now a days you can see few of these industries in Tagellamudi,Eluru

Ambica group of industries

The Corporate Office of the Ambica Group of Industries is at Eluru. This group manufactures Ambica Agarbathi (incense sticks), Cosmetics, and other aromatic products, ships to all places in the Country and exports them as well. This group has also entered into the Film Production and distribution, Hospitality Industry, Wind Energy and Software development. Directly or indirectly around 5,000 people are dependent on this Group.

Jute industry

East India Commercial Co.Ltd's Jute Industry is one of the major industries in Eluru Town. This industry buys locally grown jute as well as imports raw jute from other States and manufactures varied Jute products which are then transported and sold in different parts of the state and the country. Close to 10,000 people are dependent on this industry.

Gupta Group

The Gupta Group is mainly an export-oriented industry. They export human hair, cattle horn-tips, and carpets to different countries. Many people are dependent on this Industry too. They also honour distinguished people in various fields through the "gupta foundation awards"

Carpets and handlooms

Eluru is famous for its thriving woollen pile carpet industry. The Persians who migrated to this part of the world during the Muhammaddin regime have developed the carpet industry. Most of the carpets produced here are exported.

Others

Eluru has many export companies, exporting all kinds of spices and related products such as chillies, chilli powder, coriander seeds, mustard, cumin, ginger, fenugreek, turmeric, cloves, cinnamom, nutmugs, mace, poppy seed, black pepper, garlic, cashew nuts, pickles, caraway, cardamom, asafoetida, curry powder, rasam powder, pappads, mango pulp, sugar, tomato paste, basmati rice.

Hospitals& Diagnostic centers

District Hospital Eluru

This hospital acts as "District main hospital" which serves people of three districts with latest and advanced technology Medicare constituting of " well equipped operation theatres, Air conditioned rooms with generator facilities, ultra sound scanners, X-ray, blood bank with 24 hour service, ambulance which can serve emergencies, ICU working 24 hours. Recently "Tele medicine" was started on 27.4.2004 by the M.L.A of Eluru Sri. ALLA KALI KRISHAN SRINIVAS (NANI) to provide better means of aid from distant places. A National Blind Control program is also taken up as a free service with food and traveling allowances. Hospital environment is kept clean and green with good sanitation facilities undertaken by the supervisor of the "Sulabh" International, Hyderabad.

This Hospital is centrally located in Eluru with a capacity of 350 beds and people from all corners of the District visit the Hospital for medical treatments.

ASRAM Hospital

Alluri Sitarama Raju Academy of Medical Sciences (ASRAM), Eluru is a contemporary medical institution that compares to the “best of medical institutions worldwide”. This medical college and teaching hospital is spread over an area of 90 acres of land in Malkapuram village on the outskirts of Eluru town. Permanently recognised by MCI FOR MBBS

The 750 bedded hospital is fully operational and functions round the clock. It has all required outpatient and inpatient facilities for service to the patients, education and training, and clinical research. Patients are offered superlative medical and health care almost free of cost. While the Motto of ASRAM is “In service of Humanity”, the mission of the institute is to bring about appropriate changes in the teaching and training methodologies so that the alumni of the college will orient themselves to absolute professionalism and towards uplifting the standards of health care delivery. an ultimate place for medical education.

Sankara Netralaya

Noted Eye clinic.

In and around

As the town of Eluru was built up very near to the ancient capital of Vengi there are many historical monuments in and around it. Muslims who brought stones from the temples at Vengi built the Fort of Eluru. There are 25 inscriptions to be seen on one stone near the mosque. The places of historical importance around Eluru are Vengi, Vatluru, Denduluru and Kolleru.

The main attractions of the town are the temples of Janardhana and Jalapaharesvara.

Kolleru Lake is a large freshwater lake in India's Andhra Pradesh state. It is 15 km from Eluru. It is known the world over for the famous Kolleru Bird Sanctuary. This 673 km² wet land marsh habitat supports a large variety of Water birds which include Garganys, ducks, Open bill storks, Herons, Flamingos & grey pelicans.

Dwaraka Tirumala (Chinna Tirupathi) which is nearer to Eluru Town. It is a very important pilgrim centre. Everyday, thousands of pilgrims from various places of the State and other States are visiting Lord Venkateswara at Chinna Tirupathi. Eluru is the nearby Railway Station and access point. Click here for more info

Guntupalli The rockcut caves of Guntupalli are situated in the Kamavarapukota mandal of west Godavari district and are about 40km from Eluru. The site is appoachable through a motorable road. The nearest railway station is located at Eluru. Guntupalli is dotted with some of the finest specimens of monolithic and structural Buddhist remains datable to the 3rd-2nd century BC to 5th-6th century AD. The important monuments located are: Rock cut temple or vritta Chaitya, large monastery, small monastery, brick Chaitya, ruined Mandapa, stone Stupa and cluster of Votive Stupas.

Gangeswara Temple at Tadikalapudi

Raatnaalamma Talli at Raatnalagunta

NAM Datta Natha Kshetra at Eluru Undoubtedly Eluru Ashrama is the most beautiful Ashrama in India. It has shrines of Dattatreya, Anagha Devi, Ganapati, Venugopala, Karya Siddhi Hanuman and Navagrahas. A prayer Hall, Guru Nilayam, priest quarters, A shiva temple has been built. This Eluru Ashrama has Karya Siddhi Hanuman temple. Karya Siddhi means fulfilment of work. Click here for more details

Roman Catholic Diocese Eluru at Eluru The Diocese of Eluru comprises the whole of West Godavari district and the Mandals of Amalapuram, Kothapeta, Rajole and Mummidivaram of East Godavari in Andhra Pradesh. This territory was bifurcated from the Diocese of Vijayawada and erected into a Diocese by the Papal Bull 'Dubitantes' of Pope Paul VI dated December 9, 1976.

Festivals

The Vengi Ustsav will be held at Eluru. The festival would also be held at Pedavegi, the once capital of Vengi kings, and Patteseema, an * Pedintlamma Theerdham Kolletikota situated in the middle of the Kolleru Lake has got a temple of the local deity. Every year thousands of people visit the temple on a particular day during the annual 'Jatara'.

Ancient history

Helapuri (Eluru) was part of the Buddhist kingdom of Vengi. The Eastern Chalakyas ruled coastal Andhra from 700 to 1200, with Vengi as their capital.

Eluru remained a part of the Kalinga Empire until 1471 and the Muslim invasion. Later it fell into the hands of the Gajapathis.

In 1515 Srikrishnadevaraya captured it. Later it was taken by the Nawab of Golkonda, Kutub Shah. Historical evidence is at the villages of Pedavegi and Guntupalli (zeelakarragudem).

Andhra Sathavahanas, Chalukyans, Vijayanagara kings, Nizam Nawabs and Britishers ruled over this Place.

Topographical Features

The town is situated on the border of the Kolleru Lake. The Tammileru river passes through the town. The Eastern part of Tammileru boarders the entire North of the town, while the Western Tammileru flows to the West of the town. The Krishna – Eluru canal passes through the heart of the town from South – West towards North – East.

The Godavari - Eluru canal, The Krishna – Eluru canal and the Tammileru River and join together at the border of Eluru in a village called Malkapuram (Palagudem) on their way to Kolleru Lake.

  • Tammileru

It originates from the reserve forests near Palvoncha in Khammam district. On its way of emptying itself into Kolleru after traversing through Khammam, Krishna and West Godavari districts for a distance of 120 miles, it struggles hard for a hassle-free movement. Tammileru divides into two streams near FCI godowns and joins the lake at two different points — Mondikodu and Pedayadlagadi.

Games and Sports

List of Grounds

  • Alluri Seetharamaraju Stadium, Eluru

Andhra v Karnataka First-Class Match played in Eluru At this stadium on 1995 December 9 for Ranji Trophy South Zone.

  • Exhibition Ground, Eluru

Andhra v Hyderabad First-Class Match played in Eluru At this stadium on 1976 October 6 for Ranji Trophy South Zone.

  • Sir C.Ramalinga Reddy College Ground, Eluru

Andhra v Madras First-Class Match played in Eluru At this stadium on 1965 Dec 10 for Ranji Trophy South Zone.

Famous Personalities

From a remote village, Somavarapadu, in Eluru Taluk in Andhra Pradesh, India. Born into an agricultural family, Prasad became a major figure in Indian cinema and founder of one of India's leading film studios, Prasad Labs. External link: http://www.lvprasad.org/.

Noted Telugu film actor Krishna studied in prestigious C.R.R. college in Eluru. There, he shared a room with two aspiring actors, Shoban Babu and Murali Mohan, who later became stars in their own right. Krishna played an active role in various cultural events organized by his college. During Rajiv Gandhi times, he was inclined towards Congress and won from the Eluru constituency. SuperStar Krishna kissed lady lecturer openly in CRR college. Later he fleed from the scene and came back as MP.

Muralimohan, an artiste who completed more than 200 films, has begot a name as man of no controversies, a good entrepreneur, and a good producer. He was born and brought up in Chataparru near Eluru. He studied in Chataparru and then in Eluru CRR College.

Ambica Krishna is one of the famous personalities in eluru and he has been elected as M.L.A.

Notably the three brothers - Brij Gopal Lunani, Venu Gopal Lunani and Hari Gopal Lunani. These people established managing the couple jute industries in Eluru.

He is a major personality in Eluru. He has chitfunds,theaters,cinema distribution office,hotel,education institute in Rajahmundry. He was also recognized by Limca Books of Records for distributing the highest number of movies in India.

Former congress leader and a major tollywood producer.

Founder of Sri CRR Educational Institutions

Has studied in upper primary school and now is in States

Movie Theaters

  • Ambika Little AC DTS
  • Ambika Mini AC DTS
  • Ambika AC DTS
  • Vijayalakshmi Mini AC DTS
  • Vijayalakshmi AC DTS
  • Vijayalakshmi Delux A/c DTS
  • Satyanarayana Mini AC DTS
  • Satyanarayana AC DTS
  • Kranthi AC DTS
  • Sai Balaji AC DTS
  • Balaji AC DTS
  • Panduranga DTS
  • Srinivasa 70 MM ac DTS
  • Gopalakrishna

Automobiles

  • Pavan Honda
  • Vijaya Vasava Bajaj
  • Sriram Honda
  • Sai Swarna Motors (Hero Honda)
  • Gokul TVS
  • SLK Auto Mobiles

Apart from the listed, there are many more Auto Financing companies which sell the used auto mobiles.

Hotels & Restaurants

  • Manya GuestLine (Star Hotel in Eluru)
  • Banana Leaf Restaurant
  • Virgin
  • MRD Palace
  • Hotel Mourya Empire
  • Vijaya Garden Restaurant
  • Vasanth Mahal
  • Surya Residency
  • JK palace
  • Madhu Chandra
  • Shanmuka Residency
  • Pavilion Restaurant
  • Sri Ratna Bakery

References

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