Elliott

Elliott

[el-ee-uht, el-yuht]
Elliott, Charles Loring, 1812-68, American painter, b. Scipio, Cayuga co., N.Y.; pupil of John Trumbull and John Quidor. His portraits number over 700. His principal works include the portraits of Matthew Vassar (Vassar); A. B. Durand (Corcoran Gall.); several governors of New York (City Hall, New York City); Fletcher Harper; Erastus Corning (state lib., Albany, N.Y.); James E. Freeman (National Acad. of Design, New York City); Caleb Gasper, Mrs. James C. Griswold, M. B. Brady, and a self-portrait (Metropolitan Mus.).
Elliott, Jesse Duncan, 1782-1845, American naval officer, b. Hagerstown, Md. In the War of 1812, he helped capture two British vessels on Lake Erie and was made commander of the lake. He began building the fleet that O. H. Perry was to use after he succeeded (1813) Elliott. In the battle of Lake Erie (1813), Elliott was second in command. His conduct in the battle brought about a brisk argument with Perry—giving rise to a controversy that was continued long after the death of both and is still not completely settled.
Coues, Elliott, 1842-99, American ornithologist, b. Portsmouth, N.H., grad. Columbian College, later Columbian Univ. and now George Washington Univ. (B.A., 1861; M.D., 1863; Ph.D., 1869). He served as an army surgeon in the Civil War and as naturalist on government surveys and taught (1877-87) at Columbian Univ. He was a founder of the American Society for Psychical Research and a leader in the theosophist movement. He wrote Key to North American Birds (1872), Birds of the Northwest (1847), and Fur-bearing Animals (1877); he edited the journals of Lewis and Clark (1893), Zebulon M. Pike (1895), and Alexander Henry and David Thompson (1897).

(born Oct. 18, 1919, Montreal, Que., Can.—died Sept. 28, 2000, Montreal) Prime minister of Canada (1968–79, 1980–84). He practiced law before being elected to the Canadian House of Commons (1966–84). He was minister of justice (1967–68) in Lester Pearson's administration. He became leader of the Liberal Party and prime minister in 1968. A determined antiseparatist, he advocated a strong federal government and took a determined stand against separatist terrorists. After nine months out of office, he returned in 1980 to initiate reforms that called for the constitutional “patriation,” or transfer, of the amending authority from the British Parliament to Canada. To this end, he effected passage of the Canada Act, which precipitated Canada's official independence from Britain. His term saw the adoption of official bilingualism. He spent his final years in office seeking greater economic independence for Canada, forming better trade relations between industrialized democracies and developing countries, and urging further international disarmament talks. He resigned as leader of the Liberal Party and retired from politics in 1984, by which time he was the longest-serving leader of any Western democracy.

Learn more about Trudeau, Pierre (Elliott) with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born Oct. 18, 1919, Montreal, Que., Can.—died Sept. 28, 2000, Montreal) Prime minister of Canada (1968–79, 1980–84). He practiced law before being elected to the Canadian House of Commons (1966–84). He was minister of justice (1967–68) in Lester Pearson's administration. He became leader of the Liberal Party and prime minister in 1968. A determined antiseparatist, he advocated a strong federal government and took a determined stand against separatist terrorists. After nine months out of office, he returned in 1980 to initiate reforms that called for the constitutional “patriation,” or transfer, of the amending authority from the British Parliament to Canada. To this end, he effected passage of the Canada Act, which precipitated Canada's official independence from Britain. His term saw the adoption of official bilingualism. He spent his final years in office seeking greater economic independence for Canada, forming better trade relations between industrialized democracies and developing countries, and urging further international disarmament talks. He resigned as leader of the Liberal Party and retired from politics in 1984, by which time he was the longest-serving leader of any Western democracy.

Learn more about Trudeau, Pierre (Elliott) with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Elliott is a village in Ford County, Illinois, United States. The population was 341 at the 2000 census.

Geography

Elliott is located at (40.464833, -88.271501).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.5 square miles (1.2 km²), all of it land.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 341 people, 127 households, and 106 families. The population density was 704.2 people per square mile (274.3/km²). There were 136 housing units at an average density of 280.8/sq mi (109.4/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 98.53% White, and 1.47% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.29% of the population.

There were 127 households out of which 37.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.6% were married couples living together, 12.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 16.5% were non-families. 11.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 2.87.

In the village the population was spread out with 28.7% under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 24.9% from 25 to 44, 24.6% from 45 to 64, and 12.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 92.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.4 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $41,000, and the median income for a family was $44,375. Males had a median income of $30,556 versus $25,000 for females. The per capita income for the village was $18,203. About 6.4% of families and 8.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.8% of those under age 18 and 16.7% of those age 65 or over.

References

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