refers to the modification of a system so that it operates using electricity
A more specific usage of the word refers to the act or process of building the necessary infrastructure to supply electric power
to homes and businesses, especially in rural and isolated areas or the changeover of a railway from in the past steam locomotives
, but now most often diesel
to electric locomotives. The infrastructure required for electrification includes power plants
, long haul transmission lines
and shorter distribution lines to the end user
One of the largest electrification projects was the GOELRO plan, adopted in 1920 and fulfilled in 1931 in the USSR.
In the United States, widespread rural electrification began with the establishment of the Rural Electric Administration (REA) in 1935 and its associated local Rural Electric Cooperatives.
Electrification of transportation
Electrification of transportation is the use of hybrid electric and all-electric vehicles instead of all-petroleum vehicles.
Electrification, in a railway context, describes the process of converting a railway system from steam- or diesel-powered propulsion, to electric traction, and covers the modification of the infrastructure and the provision of suitable rolling stock.
- the ‘stickiest’ form of energy: it stays in the continent where it is produced.
- multi-sourced. If one source suffers a shortage, we can produce electricity from another, incluiding renewable sources.
As a result, it gives the greatest degree of energy resilience and the energy system is going to electrification .