Elastic bandage

Elastic bandage (also known as an elastic wrap or compression bandage) is defined by the American Heritage Stedman’s Medical Dictionary, , as “a stretchable bandage used to create localized pressure." Elastic bandages are commonly used to treat muscle sprains and strains by reducing the flow of blood to a particular area by the application of even stable pressure which can restrict swelling at the place of injury. Elastic Bandages are also used to treat fractures. Padding is applied to the fractured limb, then a splint (Ussually Plaster) are applied. The elastic bandage is then applied to hold the splint in place and to protect it. This is a common for fractures which may swell, which would cause a cast to function improperly. These types of splints are usually removed after swelling has decreased and then a fiberglass or plaster cast can be applied.

Due to the risk of latex allergies among users, the original composition of elastic bandages has changed. While some bandages are still manufactured with latex, many woven and knitted elastic bandages provide adequate compression without the use of natural rubber or latex. The modern elastic bandage is constructed from cotton, polyester and latex-free elastic yarns. By varying the ratio of cotton, polyester, and the elastic yarns within a bandage, manufacturers are able to offer various grades of compression and durability in their wraps. Often aluminum or stretchable clips are used to fasten the bandage in place once it has been wrapped around the injury. Some elastic bandages even use Velcro closures to secure and stabilize the wrap in place.

Aside from use in sports medicine and by orthopedists, elastic bandages are popular in the treatment of lymphedema and other venous conditions, for weight-loss treatments when applied as a body wrap, and rehabilitating injured animals through veterinary medicine 2.

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