Definitions

early year

Juno Award

The Juno Awards are presented annually to Canadian musical artists and bands to acknowledge their artistic and technical achievements in all aspects of music. New members of the Canadian Music Hall of Fame are also inducted as part of the awards ceremonies.

Winners are currently chosen by members of the Canadian Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences or, depending on the award, a panel of experts. In almost all of the main general categories, such as Album of the Year or Artist of the Year, nominees are determined by sales during the qualifying period; in genre-specific categories, they are determined by panel.

History

1964 to 1969: Gold Leaf Awards

Prior to the development of the formal Juno award ceremonies, RPM Magazine began polling its readers in 1964 to determine which artists and groups were considered the best in Canada. The results of these polls, the RPM Gold Leaf Awards, were announced through RPM each December.

1970: The first ceremonies

In 1970, record label owner Stan Klees met with RPM founder Walt Grealis to plan a formal awards ceremony for the music industry. Instead of merely publishing the award results in RPM, presentations would be made at a physical venue. The first official Gold Leaf Awards ceremony took place 23 February 1970 in Toronto.

RPM invited its readers later that year to suggest a new name for these awards. The name "Juneau" was submitted, which represented Pierre Juneau, the first head of the Canadian Radio-Television Commission. Juneau was instrumental in establishing Canadian content regulations for broadcasters, to promote Canadian artists. That name became shortened to Juno and by 1971, the awards ceremonies would be referred to as the "Juno Awards".

Music industry representatives formed an advisory committee for the Junos in 1974 which became the Canadian Music Awards Association the following year. This organisation assumed full management and operation of the Juno Awards from 1977 and became the Canadian Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences (CARAS).

1975: The first broadcasts

The Junos were first televised throughout Canada in 1975 with CBC Television holding national broadcast rights until 2001. After that, these ceremonies were broadcast by CTV. 2006 marked the first time the Junos were broadcast internationally through MTV2 in the United States and several affiliated MTV channels in other nations. The telecast of the 2006 Juno Awards was available to approximately 250 million people.

1988: The missing year

Initially, the awards were conducted during the early part of each year. In 1984, organisers postponed that year's awards until December. A late-year scheduling was maintained until January 1988 when CARAS noted the declining viewership on the Juno broadcasts and reverted to an early-year awards schedule. That year's Juno Awards were postponed until 12 March 1989, therefore leaving the 1988 calendar year without a ceremony.

1990s and 2000s

In 1996 an album called Oh What A Feeling: A Vital Collection Of Canadian Music, was released as a 4-CD box set to mark the 25th anniversary of the Juno Awards. It featured popular songs by Canadian artists from the 1960s to 1990s. In 2001, a second 4-CD box set was released to celebrate the 30th anniversary of the awards. In 2006, a third box set was released to celebrate the 35th anniversary.

A Humanitarian Award was inaugurated in 2006. Bruce Cockburn was the first artist to be given this honour.

At the 2007 ceremony, host Nelly Furtado made Juno history by being the first nominee with multiple nominations, to win every award for which she was nominated, including the 2 most prestigious honours, Album of the Year and Artist of the Year.

Dates and locations

The Juno Awards events were not conducted outside Toronto until 1991. Since then, the ceremonies have been hosted throughout Canada, reaching both coasts. The provinces of New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island and Quebec have yet to play host to the Junos.

Juno Awards Dates and Locations
Year Date City Venue Host Broadcast
1970 23 February Toronto, Ontario St. Lawrence Hall unknown none
1971 22 February Toronto, Ontario St. Lawrence Hall unknown none
1972 28 February Toronto, Ontario Inn on the Park unknown none
1973 12 March Toronto, Ontario Inn on the Park unknown none
1974 25 March Toronto, Ontario Inn on the Park unknown none
1975 24 March Toronto, Ontario Canadian National Exhibition Paul Anka CBC
1976 15 March Toronto, Ontario Ryerson Polytechnic Institute John Allan Cameron CBC
1977 16 March Toronto, Ontario Royal York Hotel David Steinberg CBC
1978 28 March Toronto, Ontario Harbour Castle Hilton David Steinberg CBC
1979 21 March Toronto, Ontario Harbour Castle Hilton Burton Cummings CBC
1980 2 April Toronto, Ontario Harbour Castle Hilton Burton Cummings CBC
1981 5 February Toronto, Ontario O'Keefe Centre Andrea Martin CBC
1982 14 April Toronto, Ontario Harbour Castle Hilton Burton Cummings CBC
1983 5 April Toronto, Ontario Harbour Castle Hilton Burton Cummings and Alan Thicke CBC
1984 5 December Toronto, Ontario Exhibition Place Joe Flaherty and Andrea Martin CBC
1985 4 November Toronto, Ontario Harbour Castle Hilton Andrea Martin and Martin Short CBC
1986 10 November Toronto, Ontario Harbour Castle Hilton Howie Mandel CBC
1987 2 November Toronto, Ontario O'Keefe Centre Howie Mandel CBC
1988 No Juno ceremonies were conducted this year
1989 12 March Toronto, Ontario O'Keefe Centre Andre-Philippe Gagnon CBC
1990 18 March Toronto, Ontario O'Keefe Centre Rick Moranis CBC
1991 3 March Vancouver, British Columbia Queen Elizabeth Theatre Paul Shaffer CBC
1992 29 March Toronto, Ontario O'Keefe Centre Rick Moranis CBC
1993 21 March Toronto, Ontario O'Keefe Centre Celine Dion CBC
1994 20 March Toronto, Ontario O'Keefe Centre Roch Voisine CBC
1995 26 March Hamilton, Ontario Copps Coliseum This Hour Has 22 Minutes cast CBC
1996 10 March Hamilton, Ontario Copps Coliseum Anne Murray CBC
1997 9 March Hamilton, Ontario Copps Coliseum Jann Arden CBC
1998 22 March Vancouver, British Columbia GM Place Jason Priestly CBC
1999 7 March Hamilton, Ontario Copps Coliseum Mike Bullard CBC
2000 12 March Toronto, Ontario SkyDome The Moffatts CBC
2001 4 March Hamilton, Ontario Copps Coliseum Rick Mercer CBC
2002 14 April St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador Mile One Stadium Barenaked Ladies CTV
2003 6 April Ottawa, Ontario Corel Centre Shania Twain CTV
2004 4 April Edmonton, Alberta Rexall Place Alanis Morissette CTV
2005 3 April Winnipeg, Manitoba MTS Centre Brent Butt CTV
2006 2 April Halifax, Nova Scotia Halifax Metro Centre Pamela Anderson CTV
2007 1 April Saskatoon, Saskatchewan Credit Union Centre Nelly Furtado CTV
2008 6 April Calgary, Alberta Pengrowth Saddledome Russell Peters CTV
2009 29 March Vancouver, British Columbia To be determined To be determined CTV

Award categories

Award names have changed through the years, most notably the switch in 2003 from the phrase "Best..." to " ... of the year". The previous awards are listed under their present names or the present award that is most similar. There are currently 44 awards.Aboriginal Recording of the Year (2003 - Present)
Best Music of Aboriginal Canada Recording (1994 - 2002)Adult Alternative Album of the Year (2005 - Present)Album of the Year (1980 - 1998, 2003 - Present)
Best Album (1974, 1999 - 2002)
Best Selling Album (1975 - 1979)Alternative Album of the Year (2003 - Present)
Best Alternative Album (1995 - 2002)Artist of the Year (2003 - Present)
Best Artist (2002)
Best Female Artist (2000 - 2001)
Best Male Artist (2000 - 2001)
Best Female Vocalist (1970 - 1974, 1999)
Best Male Vocalist (1970 - 1974, 1999)
Female Vocalist of the Year (1975 - 1998)
Male Vocalist of the Year (1975 - 1998)Blues Album of the Year (2003 - Present)
Best Blues Album (1998 - 2002)
Best Blues/Gospel Album (1994 - 1997)CD/DVD Artwork Design of the Year (2005 - Present) (sponsored by Ever-Reddy Packaging)
Album Design of the Year (2003 - 2004)
Best Album Design (1990 - 2002)
Best Album Graphics (1975 - 1989)Children's Album of the Year (2003 - Present)
Best Children's Album (1979 - 2002)Classical Album of the Year - Solo or Chamber Ensemble (2003 - Present)
Best Classical Album: Solo or Chamber Ensemble (1985 - 2002)
Best Classical Album of the Year (1977 - 1984)Classical Album of the Year - Large Ensemble or Soloist(s) with Large Ensemble Accompaniment (2003 - Present)
Best Classical Album - Large Ensemble or Soloist(s) With Large Ensemble Accompaniment (1985 - 1987, 2000 - 2002)
Best Classical Album (Large Ensemble) (1989 - 1999)
Best Classical Album of the Year (1977 - 1984)Classical Album of the Year - Vocal or Choral Performance (2003 - Present)
Best Classical Album (Vocal or Choral Performance) (1994 - 2002)
Best Classical Album of the Year (1977 - 1984)Classical Composition of the Year (2003 - Present)
Best Classical Composition (1987, 1989 - 2002)Comedy Album of the Year (1979 - 1984)Contemporary Christian/Gospel Album of the Year (2003 - Present)
Best Gospel Album (1998 - 2002)
Best Blues/Gospel Album (1994 - 1997)Contemporary Jazz Album of the Year (2003 - Present)
Best Contemporary Jazz Album - Instrumental (2000 - 2002)
Best Contemporary Jazz Album (1994 - 1999)
Best Jazz Album (1977 - 1993)Country Recording of the Year (2003 - Present)
Best Country Artist/Group (2002)
Best New Country Artist/Group (2002)
Best Country Female Artist (1970 - 1974, 2000 - 2001)
Best Country Male Artist (1970 - 1974, 2000 - 2001)
Best Country Female Vocalist (1999)
Best Country Group or Duo (1970 - 1974, 1999 - 2001)
Best Country Male Vocalist (1999)
Country Female Vocalist of the Year (1975 - 1998)
Country Group or Duo of the Year (1975 - 1998)
Country Male Vocalist of the Year (1975 - 1998)Dance Recording of the Year (2003 - Present)
Best Dance Recording (1990 - 2002)Levi's Entertainer of the Year (1996)
Entertainer of the Year (1995)
Canadian Entertainer of the Year (1987, 1989 - 1994)International Entertainer of the Year (1989 - 1991, 1993)
Foreign Entertainer of the Year (1992)Folk Artist of the Year (1980 - 1982)
Folksinger of the Year (1972 - 1979)
Top Folk Singer (1971 - 1971)Francophone Album of the Year (2003 - Present)
Best Selling Francophone Album (1992 - 2002)Group of the Year (1975 - 1998, 2003 - Present)
Best Group (1970 - 1974, 1999 - 2002)Instrumental Album of the Year (2003 - Present)
Best Instrumental Album (1999 - 2002)
Instrumental Artist(s) of the Year (1976 - 1987, 1989 - 1998)Juno International Achievement Award (1992, 1997, 1999 - Present)International Album of the Year (1981 - 1991, 2003 - Present)
Best Selling Album (Foreign or Domestic) (1993 - 2002)
Best Selling Album by a Foreign Artist (1992)
Best Selling International Album (1975 - 1980)Jack Richardson Producer of the Year (2003 - Present)
Jack Richardson Best Producer (2002)
Best Producer (1999 - 2001)
Producer of the Year (1975 - 1977, 1979 - 1998)
Producer of the Year - Album (1978)
Producer of the Year - Single (1978)Juno Fan Choice Award (2003 - Present) (presented by Doritos)Music DVD of the Year (2004 - Present)New Artist of the Year (2003 - Present) (sponsored by FACTOR and Canada's Private Radio Broadcasters)
Best New Solo Artist (1994 - 2002)
Most Promising Female Vocalist of the Year (1974 - 1993)
Most Promising Male Vocalist of the Year (1974 - 1993)New Group of the Year (2003 - Present) (sponsored by FACTOR and Canada's Private Radio Broadcasters)
Best New Group (1974, 1994 - 2002)
Most Promising Group of the Year (1974 - 1993)Pop Album of the Year (2003 - Present)
Best Pop Album (1999, 2001 - 2002)
Best Pop/Adult Album (2000) R&B/Soul Recording of the Year (2003 - Present)
Best R&B/Soul Recording (1985 - 2002)Rap Recording of the Year (1991 - 1992, 2003 - Present)
Best Rap Recording (1993 - 2002) Recording Engineer of the Year (1976 - 1998, 2003 - Present)
Best Recording Engineer (1999 - 2002) Reggae Recording of the Year (2003 - Present)
Best Reggae Recording (1994 - 2002)
Best World Beat Recording (1992 - 1993)
Best Reggae/Calypso Recording (1985 - 1991)Rock Album of the Year (2003 - Present)
Best Rock Album (1996, 1999 - 2002)
Blockbuster Rock Album of the Year (1998)
North Star Rock Album of the Year (1997)
Best Hard Rock Album (1994 - 1995)
Hard Rock Album of the Year (1992 - 1993)
Best Hard Rock/Metal Album (1991)Roots & Traditional Album of the Year - Group (2003 - Present)
Best Roots & Traditional Album - Group (1996 - 2002)
Best Roots & Traditional Album (1989 - 1995)Single of the Year (1980 - 1987, 1989 - 1998, 2003 - Present)
Best Single (1974, 1999 - 2002)
Best Selling Single (1975 - 1979)Best Selling Single (1993)
Best Selling Single by a Foreign Artist (1992)
International Single of the Year (1981 - 1991)
Best Selling International Single (1975 - 1980)Songwriter of the Year (1991 - 1998, 2003 - Present)
Best Songwriter (1971 - 1974, 1999 - 2002)
Composer of the Year (1975 - 1990)Traditional Jazz Album of the Year (2003 - Present)
Best Traditional Jazz Album - Instrumental (2000 - 2002)
Best Mainstream Jazz Album (1994 - 1999)
Best Jazz Album (1977 - 1993)Vocal Jazz Album of the Year (2003 - Present)
Best Vocal Jazz Album (2000 - 2002)
Best Mainstream Jazz Album (1994 - 1999)
Best Jazz Album (1977 - 1993)Video of the Year (2003 - Present)
Best Video (1984 - 2002)World Music Album of the Year (2003 - Present)
Best Global Album (1996 - 2002)
Best Global Recording (1994 - 1995)
Best World Beat Recording (1992 - 1993)

See also

References

External links

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