dwarf gray willow

Woody plants of Soldiers Delight

The Soldiers Delight Natural Environment Area, consists of about of land in Baltimore County, Maryland, USA.   Much of the area of the Soldiers Delight NEA contains a serpentine barren that contains a number of rare and endangered species of plants.

The following list of woody plants comes from the publications by [F] Fleming et al. 1995, [M] Monteferrante 1973, [R] Reed 1984, [We] Wennerstrom 1995, [Wood] Wood 1984, and the unpublished data by [Wo] Worthley 1955-1985.

----List of Woody Plants of the Soldiers Delight Natural Environment Area

Division Pinophyta (Gymnosperms)

Cupressaceae - (Cypress Family)

Pinaceae - (Pine Family)

Division Magnoliophyta (Angiosperms)

Class Magnoliopsida (Dicotyledons)

Aceraceae - (Maple Family)

Anacardiaceae - (Cashew Family)

Berberidaceae - (Barberry Family)

Betulaceae - (Birch Family)

Caprifoliaceae - (Honeysuckle Family)

Celastraceae - (Staff-tree Family)

Cornaceae - (Dogwood Family)

Ebenaceae - (Ebony Family)

Elaeagnaceae - (Oleaster Family)

Ericaceae - (Heath Family)

Hamamelidaceae - (Witch-hazel Family)

Juglandaceae - (Walnut Family)

Rosaceae - (Rose Family)

Salicaceae - (Willow Family)

  • Populus deltoides Marsh. - Eastern Cottonwood [Wood]
  • Populus grandidentata Michx. - Large-toothed Aspen [We, Wo]
  • Populus tremuloides Michx. - Quaking Aspen [We]
  • Salix nigra Marshall - Black Willow [Wo]
  • Salix serissima (L.H. Bailey) Fern. - Autumn Willow [Wo]
  • Salix occidentalis Walter - Dwarf Prairie Willow [R, We, Wo]

Simaroubaceae - (Quassia Family)

Vitaceae - (Grape Family)

Class Liliopsida (Monocotyledons)

Smilacaceae - (Greenbrier Family)

  • Smilax glauca Walt. - Glaucous Greenbrier [M, R, We, Wo]
  • Smilax hispida Muhl. - Bristly Greenbrier [Wo]
  • Smilax rotundifolia L. - Common Greenbrier [M, R, We, Wo]


  • Ongoing Survey List of Plants of Soldier's Delight.
  • Brown, Russell G., and Melvin L. Brown. 1972. Woody Plants of Maryland. Port City Press, Baltimore, Maryland, 347 pages.
  • Davis, Charles A. 2004. List of Plants of Soldier's Delight. (Unpublished).
  • [F]   Fleming, Cristol, Marion B. Lobstein. 1995. Finding Wildflowers in the Washington-Baltimore Area. The Johns Hopskins University Press, Baltimore and London, 312 pages.
  • Gleason, Henry A., and Arthur Cronquist. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. (Second Edition) The New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, New York 10458, 910 pages.
  • Google Hybrid Map. 2006. Target building, Soldiers Delight Visitor Center.
  • Holmgren, Noel H. 1998. Illustrated Companion to Gleason and Cronquist's Manual. Illustrations of the Vascular Plants of Northeastern U. S. and Adjacent Canada. The New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, New York 10458, 937 pages.
  • Maryland Department of Natural Resources. 2003. Explanation of Rank and Status Codes.
  • Maryland Department of Natural Resources. 2004. Current and Historical Rare, Threatened, and Endangered Species of Baltimore County, Maryland.
  • [M]   Monteferrante, Frank. 1973. A Phytosociological Study of Soldiers Delight, Baltimore County, Maryland. Towson State College, Towson, Maryland.
  • [R]   Reed, Clyde F. 1984. Floras of the Serpentinite Formations in Eastern North America, with descriptions of geomorphology and mineralogy of the formations. Reed Herbarium, Baltimore, Maryland.
  • [We]   Wennerstrom, Jack. 1995. Soldiers Delight Journal - Exploring a Globally Rare Ecosystem. University of Pittsburg Press, Pittsburg and London, 247 pages.
  • [Wo]   Worthley, Elmer G. (1955-1985) List of Plants of Soldier's Delight. Unpublished.
  • [Wood]   Wood, Sarah G. 1984. Mineral Element Composition of Forest Communities and Soils at Soldiers Delight, Maryland. Towson State University, Towson, Marland.

Other Lists of Plants from Soldiers Delight (and Maryland).

Wildflowers of Soldiers Delight

Graminoids of Soldiers Delight

Ferns of Soldiers Delight

Lichens of Soldiers Delight

Lichens of Maryland

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