Definitions

Dunstable

Dunstable

[duhn-stuh-buhl]
Dunstable, John, c.1385-1453, English composer. Dunstable is thought to have accompanied his patron, the duke of Bedford, to France. About 60 of his works—nearly all sacred pieces—are extant. He was among the first composers to begin to unify the musical setting of the Mass. Dunstable was the outstanding English composer of his time and influenced composers at the Burgundian court, including Guillaume Dufay and Gilles Binchois. His name is sometimes spelled Dunstaple.
Dunstable, town (1991 pop. 30,912), Central Bedfordshire, SE England. Located at the meeting point of the ancient Icknield Street and Watling Street, Dunstable is a developing residential and industrial district, with printing and cement plants and extensive automobile works. There are interesting traces of Stone and Bronze Age civilizations, including the Maiden Bower and Five Knolls earthworks; one of the Knolls, excavated in 1926, contained remains and ornaments of a woman of c.2000 B.C. The Priory Church includes part of an Augustinian priory founded with the town in 1131. Whipsnade Zoo is nearby. Dunstable has a College of Further Education.

(born circa 1385, England—died Dec. 24, 1453, London) English composer. His life and career are almost completely obscure. After his death he came to be credited with the achievements of all his English contemporaries, including Leonel Power (circa 1380–1445). He left at least 50 compositions, all for three and four voices and almost all sacred. Their full triadic harmony and frequent parallel motion in the voices represented an important innovation that influenced composers such as Guillaume Dufay and Gilles Binchois (circa 1400–60), softening the austerity of 14th-century polyphony.

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(born circa 1385, England—died Dec. 24, 1453, London) English composer. His life and career are almost completely obscure. After his death he came to be credited with the achievements of all his English contemporaries, including Leonel Power (circa 1380–1445). He left at least 50 compositions, all for three and four voices and almost all sacred. Their full triadic harmony and frequent parallel motion in the voices represented an important innovation that influenced composers such as Guillaume Dufay and Gilles Binchois (circa 1400–60), softening the austerity of 14th-century polyphony.

Learn more about Dunstable, John with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Dunstable (DUN-stah-ble) is a town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 2,826 at the 2000 census.

History

Dunstable was first settled in 1656 and was officially incorporated in 1673. It is likely named after the town of Dunstable in Bedfordshire, England, United Kingdom, home of Edward Tyng, the town's first settler. The original township of Dunstable, granted in 1661, consisted of two hundred square miles, including the towns of Dunstable, Tyngsborough, Massachusetts, Pepperell, Massachusetts,Townsend, Massachusetts,Hudson, New Hampshire,Nashua, New Hampshire, Hollis, New Hampshire, and parts of other towns as well. Increases in population leading to subsections becoming independent towns and the solidification of the Northern boundary of Massachusetts in 1740 shrunk the town down to what remains today.

Today, Dunstable, in the face of urban sprawl, has held onto a largely rural character.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 16.7 square miles (43.4 km²), of which, 16.5 square miles (42.9 km²) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.5 km²) of it (1.13%) is water. Dunstable borders Pepperell to the west, Groton to the south, Tyngsborough to the east, and Nashua and Hollis, New Hampshire to the north.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 2,826 people, 923 households, and 798 families residing in the town. The population density was 171.0 people per square mile (66.0/km²). There were 944 housing units at an average density of 57.0/sq mi (22.0/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.49% White, 0.11% African American, 0.04% Native American, 1.52% Asian, 0.07% from other races, and 0.78% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.53% of the population.

There were 923 households out of which 47.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 76.7% were married couples living together, 7.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 13.5% were non-families. 10.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.07 and the average family size was 3.31.

In the town the population was spread out with 31.1% under the age of 18, 4.4% from 18 to 24, 31.4% from 25 to 44, 26.2% from 45 to 64, and 6.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 97.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.3 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $86,633, and the median income for a family was $92,270. Males had a median income of $61,425 versus $39,946 for females. The per capita income for the town was $30,608. About 2.1% of families and 1.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.4% of those under age 18 and 2.1% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Dunstable has one elementary school, Swallow Union Elementary, located in town while middle school and high school students attend regional schools in neighboring Groton. The school system is the Groton-Dunstable Regional School District.

Points of interest

  • "The Little Red Schoolhouse" is a historical building located on route 113 near the Tyngsboro border. Local students take field trips there to historically re-enact a school day. An annual Strawberry Festival is also held there. Once a year around Mothers Day the local Boy Scout Troop 28 has a mothers day pancake breakfest there.

Notable residents

Trivia

  • Dunstable is a dry town. No liquor is sold in either of the town's two small grocery stores.
  • The town hall once housed both Police Department and Library, though recent renovations in the town gave construct to dedicated buildings for each.

References

Further reading

External links

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