Dufourspitze

Dufourspitze

Dufourspitze, peak: see Rosa, Monte.

Dufourspitze (4,634m) (in German, lit. Point of Dufour), Pointe Dufour (in French), Punta Dufour (in Italian), or Piz da Dufour (in Romansh) is a mountain in the Pennine Alps, near the watershed between Italy and Switzerland, on the Swiss side. It is considered the highest mountain of Switzerland and the peak is the high point of the Monte Rosa massif, being surrounded by the Nordend, Grenzgipfel, Zumsteinspitze, Ostspitze and Signalkuppe subpeaks.

The mountain is named after Guillaume-Henri Dufour—a Swiss engineer and army officer who led the Sonderbund campaign—following the completion of the Dufourkarten, a series of military topographical maps created under the command of Dufour.

The first ascent was by John Birbeck, Charles Hudson, Ulrich Lauener, Christopher Smyth, James G. Smyth, Edward Stephenson, Matthäus Zumtaugwald and Johannes Zumtaugwald on August 1, 1855.

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