Definitions

dryopteris oreopteris

Dryopteris

The moth genus Dryopteris is now considered a junior synonym of Oreta.

Dryopteris (commonly called Wood Ferns, Male Ferns and Buckler Ferns) is a genus of about 250 species of ferns with distribution in the temperate Northern Hemisphere, with the highest species diversity in eastern Asia. Many of the species have stout, slowly creeping rootstocks that form a crown, with a vase-like ring of fronds. The sori are round, with a peltate indusium. The stipes have prominent scales.

Hybridization is a well-known phenomenon within this group, with many species formed by hybridization.

Dryopteris species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Batrachedra sophroniella (which feeds exclusively on D. cyatheoides) and Sthenopis auratus.Selected species

  • Dryopteris ludoviciana - Southern Wood Fern
  • Dryopteris manshurica
  • Dryopteris marginalis - Marginal Wood Fern
  • Dryopteris matsumurae
  • Dryopteris minjiangensis
  • Dryopteris monticola
  • Dryopteris montigena
  • Dryopteris nanpingensis
  • Dryopteris neolepidopoda
  • Dryopteris nigrosquamosa
  • Dryopteris nyalamensis
  • Dryopteris nyingchiensis
  • Dryopteris odontoloma
  • Dryopteris oreades - Mountain Male Fern
  • Dryopteris pacifica
  • Dryopteris pallida
  • Dryopteris paludicda
  • Dryopteris panda
  • Dryopteris parasparsa
  • Dryopteris pedata
  • Dryopteris peninsulae
  • Dryopteris podophylla
  • Dryopteris polita
  • Dryopteris prosa
  • Dryopteris pseudo-sikkimensis
  • Dryopteris pseudoatrata
  • Dryopteris pseudodontoloma
  • Dryopteris pseudofibrillosa
  • Dryopteris pseudomarginata
  • Dryopteris pseudouniformis
  • Dryopteris pulcherrima
  • Dryopteris qandoensis
  • Dryopteris quatanensis
  • Dryopteris reflexosquamata
  • Dryopteris remota
  • Dryopteris rigida
  • Dryopteris rosthornii
  • Dryopteris sacrosancta
  • Dryopteris sanmingensis
  • Dryopteris saxifraga
  • Dryopteris scottii
  • Dryopteris semipinnata
  • Dryopteris sericea
  • Dryopteris serrato-dentata
  • Dryopteris shensicola
  • Dryopteris sichotensis
  • Dryopteris sieboldii
  • Dryopteris sikkimensis
  • Dryopteris silaensis
  • Dryopteris sino-sparsa
  • Dryopteris sinoerythrosora
  • Dryopteris sinofibrillosa
  • Dryopteris sordidipes
  • Dryopteris sparsa
  • Dryopteris spinulosa
  • Dryopteris squamifera
  • Dryopteris squamiseta
  • Dryopteris stenolepis
  • Dryopteris subatrata
  • Dryopteris subbarbigera
  • Dryopteris subexaltata
  • Dryopteris sublacera
  • Dryopteris sublaeta
  • Dryopteris submarginata
  • Dryopteris submontana - Rigid Buckler Fern
  • Dryopteris subtriangularis
  • Dryopteris tarningensis
  • Dryopteris tenuicula
  • Dryopteris tenuissima
  • Dryopteris thibetica
  • Dryopteris tieluensis
  • Dryopteris tsangpoensis
  • Dryopteris tyrrhena
  • Dryopteris uniformis
  • Dryopteris varia
  • Dryopteris venosa
  • Dryopteris villarii
  • Dryopteris wallichiana
  • Dryopteris wenchuanensis
  • Dryopteris wuyishanensis
  • Dryopteris yigongensis
  • Dryopteris yungtzeensis
  • Dryopteris zayuensis
  • Cultivation and uses

    Many Dryopteris species are highly desired as garden ornamental plants, especially D. erythrosa (autumn fern, often sold in garden outlets) and D. filix-mas, a very popular garden fern in the British Isles and Europe, with numerous cultivars.

    Dryopteris filix-mas was throughout much of recent human history widely used as a vermifuge, and was the only fern listed in the U.S. Pharmacopoeia.

    References and external links

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