The town growing around Henry Springer's trading post was officially given its name May 10, 1876 Before that time it had gone by names such as Colorado Chiquito, Milligan Settlement, and Valle Redondo (Round Valley). It was incorporated in 1948. Springerville sits at an elevation of 6,974 feet. Along with its neighbor Eagar, both communities make up the place known as Round Valley which is in the northeastern part of Arizona close to the New Mexico border.
Springerville is located at (34.136342, -109.279227).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 11.7 square miles (30.3 km²), of which, 11.6 square miles (29.9 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.4 km²) of it (1.20%) is water.
There were 753 households out of which 34.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.6% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.7% were non-families. 30.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.18.
In the town the population was spread out with 29.2% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 25.2% from 25 to 44, 23.4% from 45 to 64, and 14.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 94.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.4 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $30,769, and the median income for a family was $36,331. Males had a median income of $32,313 versus $19,519 for females. The per capita income for the town was $13,830. About 14.7% of families and 21.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.4% of those under age 18 and 26.1% of those age 65 or over.
Round Valley Primary School is located in the town and serves the town.
Round Valley Intermediate School, Round Valley Middle School, and Round Valley High School serve the town are in nearby Eagar. In addition, White Mountain Academy, a K-12 charter school, is located in Eagar.
The high school's football stadium, The Round Valley Ensphere located in Eagar, is the eighth biggest geodesic dome in the world with a diameter of 440 feet / 134 m. The school board voted to give the Dome a pinkish looking color, and it was completed in 1992. It was used as a shelter for evacuees from the Rodeo-Chediski fire in 2002. Round Valley is the only high school in the world to have a domed stadium.
Casa Malpais is located near Springerville. It is a nationally recognized archeological site.
The name Casa Malpais means House of the Badlands, which was given to the site by early Basque sheepherders who referred to the surrounding volcanic lava field as "badlands." The Springerville volcanic field contains over 400 volcanoes within a fifty mile radius of Springerville, making it the third largest volcanic field in the continental United States.
The first visit to Casa Malpais by a professional anthropologist was in 1883, when Frank Cushing, an anthropologist living at Zuni, visited a site at "El Valle Redondo on the Colorado Chiquito", and was impressed by what he termed "the fissure type pueblo" he found there. In his journal he sketched dry masonry, bridging fissures, upon which the pueblo is constructed.
Unique and unusual features characterize the site. The Great Kiva, painstakingly constructed of volcanic rock, is the centerpiece. A steep basalt staircase set into a crevice of the high red cliff wall leads to the top of the mesa.