) was a common year starting on Tuesday
(link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar
The year 1991 is designated in the Chinese calendar the Year of the Sheep (from the start of the Chinese new year: February 15 1991 - February 3, 1992). Any 1991 dates before February 15 are within the year of the horse
Events of 1991
- January 4 - The United Nations Security Council votes unanimously to condemn Israel's treatment of the Palestinians.
- January 11 - Soviet forces storm Vilnius to stop Lithuanian independence.
- January 12 - Gulf War: The Congress of the United States passes a resolution authorizing the use of military force to liberate Kuwait.
- January 13 - Soviet troops assault the Vilnius TV tower in Lithuania and kill 14 unarmed civilians; many more are injured.
- January 13 - A fight and stampede at a pre-season exhibition match between South African football teams Chiefs and Pirates in the town of Orkney near Johannesburg, South Africa leaves 42 dead.
- January 14 - Three PLO guerilla chiefs are assassinated in Tunis.
- January 15 - The United Nations deadline for the withdrawal of Iraqi forces from occupied Kuwait expires, preparing the way for the start of Operation Desert Storm.
- January 16 - U.S. serial killer Aileen Wuornos confesses to the murders of six men.
- January 16 - Gulf War: Operation Desert Storm begins with air strikes against Iraq.
- January 17 - Gulf War: Iraq fires eight Scud missiles into Israel.
- January 17 - Harald V of Norway becomes king on the death of his father, Olav V.
- January 18 - Eastern Air Lines shuts down after 62 years, citing financial problems.
- January 19 - Twenty-nine people are injured by a SCUD attack on Tel Aviv.
- January 19 - The Party of the Alliance of Youth, Workers and Farmers of Angola is founded in Luanda, Angola.
- January 22 - Three SCUDs and one Patriot missile hit Ramat Gan in Israel, injuring 96 people. Three elderly people die of heart attacks.
- January 24 - Eight man British, SAS troopers deployed in Iraq during the First Gulf War, as part of Operation Granby. Several men were captured, and others died, but eight SAS troopers killed 200 Iraqi soldiers. Also Chris Ryan and Andy McNab wrote books on their experience.
- January 26 - Somalia President Siad Barre flees his compound in Mogadishu.
- January 27 - The New York Giants defeat the Buffalo Bills 20-19 in Super Bowl XXV at Tampa Stadium in Tampa, Florida.
- January 29 - Siad Barre is succeeded by Ali Mahdi Muhammad in Somalia.
- February 1 - A USAir Boeing 737-300, Flight 1493 collides with a SkyWest Airlines Fairchild Metroliner, Flight 5569 at Los Angeles International Airport killing 34.
- February 5 - A Michigan court bars Dr. Jack Kevorkian from assisting in suicides.
- February 7
- February 9 - Voters in Lithuania support independence.
- February 11 - UNPO, the Unrepresented Nations & Peoples Organization, forms in The Hague, Netherlands.
- February 13 - Gulf War: Two laser-guided "smart bombs" destroy an underground bunker in Baghdad, killing hundreds of Iraqis. United States military intelligence claimed it was a military facility but Iraqi officials identified it as a bomb shelter.
- February 15 - The Visegrad Agreement, establishing cooperation to move toward free-market systems, is signed by the leaders of Czechoslovakia, Hungary and Poland.
- February 18 - The Provisional Irish Republican Army explodes bombs in the early morning at both Paddington station and Victoria station in London.
- February 22 - Gulf War: Iraq accepts a Russian-proposed cease fire agreement. The U.S. rejects the agreement, but said that retreating Iraqi forces would not be attacked if they left Kuwait within 24 hours.
- February 23
- February 23 - In Thailand, General Sunthorn Kongsompong deposes Prime Minister Chatichai Choonhavan in a bloodless coup d'état.
- February 25 - Gulf War: Part of an Iraqi Scud missile hits an American military barracks in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia killing 29 and injuring 99 U.S. soldiers. It is the single, most devastating attack on U.S. forces during that war.
- February 26 - Gulf War: On Baghdad radio, Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein announces the withdrawal of Iraqi troops from Kuwait. Iraqi soldiers set fire to Kuwaiti oil fields as they retreat.
- April 3 - Iraq disarmament crisis: The U.N. Security Council passes the Cease Fire Agreement, Resolution 687. The resolution calls for the destruction or removal of all of Iraq's chemical and biological weapons, all stocks of agents and components, and all research, development, support and manufacturing facilities for ballistic missiles with a range greater than 150 km and production facilities; and for an end to its support for international terrorism. Iraq accepts the terms of the resolution on April 6.
- April 4
- April 5 - Former Senator John Tower and 22 others are killed in an airplane crash in Brunswick, Georgia, United States.
- April 9 - The Supreme Council of the Republic of Georgia declares independence.
- April 10
- April 14 - In the Netherlands, thieves steal 20 paintings worth $500 million from the Van Gogh Museum in Amsterdam. Less than an hour later they are found in an abandoned car near the museum.
- April 17 - The Dow Jones Industrial Average closes above 3,000 for the first time ever, at 3,004.46.
- April 18 - Iraq disarmament crisis: Iraq declares some of its chemical weapons and materials to the UN, as required by Resolution 687, and claims that it does not have a biological weapons program.
- April 26 - 70 tornadoes break out in the central United States, killing 17. The most notable tornado of the day strikes Andover, Kansas.
- April 29 - A tropical cyclone hits Bangladesh, killing an estimated 138,000 people.
Shapour Bakhtiar, former prime minister of Iran, is assassinated.
- September 2 - The United States recognizes the independence of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.
- September 3 - In Hamlet, North Carolina, a grease fire breaks out at the Imperial Foods chicken processing plant, killing 25 people.
- September 5-September 7 - At the 35th Annual Tailhook Symposium in Las Vegas, 83 women and seven men are assaulted.
- September 6
- September 8 - The Republic of Macedonia becomes independent.
- September 17 - North Korea, South Korea, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, the Marshall Islands and Micronesia join the United Nations.
- September 19 - Ötzi the Iceman is found in the Alps.
- September 20-September 21 - In Sandy, Utah several patients are held hostage and a nurse is killed in the Alta View Hospital hostage incident.
- September 21 - Armenia declares independence from the Soviet Union.
- September 21-September 30 - Iraq disarmament crisis: IAEA inspectors discover files on Iraq's hidden nuclear weapons program. Iraqi officials confiscate documents from UN weapons inspectors, refusing to allow them to leave the site without turning over other documents. A 4-day standoff ensues. Iraq permits the team to leave with the documents after the UN Security Council threatens enforcement actions.
- September 21 - The Order of the Sisters of Perpetual Indulgence of German tongue (Orden der Schwestern der Perpetuellen Indulgenz deutscher Zunge, "O.S.P.I.") is founded in Heidelberg by Erzmutter (Archmother) Johanna Indulgentia Tara Maria Benedicta O.S.P.I.
- September 22 - The Huntington Library makes the Dead Sea Scrolls available to the public for the first time.
- September 30 - Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide is removed from power.
- September 30 - A twister destroys parts of Itu, a city in southeastern Brazil, killing 16 and leaving 176 injured.
- January 1 - Kathleen Herles, American Voice Actress
- January 15 - Rubab Raza, Pakistan swimmer
- January 16 - Julie Dubela, American singer
- January 19 - Erin Sanders, American actress
- January 21 - Paige and Ryanne Kettner, American actresses
- January 21 - Brittany Tiplady, Canadian actress
- February 10 - Emma Roberts, American actress
- February 16 - Princess Alexandra of Luxembourg
- February 17 - Bonnie Wright, English actress
- February 18 - Malese Jow, American actress
- February 25 - Gerran Howell, Welsh actor
- February 28 - Sarah Bolger, Irish actress
- March 4 - Diandra Newlin, American actress, singer, and model
- March 8 - Devon Werkheiser, American actor
- March 11 - Qian Lin, Chinese singer
- March 23 - George William Carnegie, British noble
- March 26 - Brittney Wilson, Canadian actress
- March 28 - Amy Bruckner, American actress
- April 4 - Jamie Lynn Spears, American actress
- April 10 - Amanda Michalka, American singer and actress
- April 10 - Sergiusz Żymełka, Polish actor
- April 15 - Daiki Arioka, Japanese singer (Hey! Say! JUMP)
- April 18 - Joey Gaydos, American actor and guitarist
- April 20 - Thomas Curtis, American actor
- April 27 - Rebecca Ryan, British actress
- April 28 - Aleisha Allen, American actress
- May 17 - Daniel Curtis Lee, American actor
- May 19 - Jordan Pruitt, American singer
- May 21 - Sarah Ramos, American actress
- May 24 - Erika Umeda, Japanese singer
- May 26 - Julianna Rose Mauriello, American stage actress
- May 29 - Kristen Alderson, American actress
- June 4 - Jordan Hinson, American actress
- June 18 - Willa Holland, American model and actress
- June 19 - Pontus Ekhem, Swedish hockey player
- June 27 - Madylin Sweeten, American actress
- June 30 - Kaho, Japanese actress
- July 5 - Jason Dolley, American actor
- July 6 - Victoire Thivisol, French actress
- July 7 - Devon Alan, American actor
- July 9 - Mitchel Musso, American actor
- July 9 - Spencer Elden
- July 10- Maeda Atsuko, Japanese singer
- July 12 - Erik Per Sullivan, American actor
- July 14 - Lewis McGibbon, British actor
- July 20 - William Tomlin, British actor
- July 29 - Miki Ishikawa, American actress and singer
- August 16 - Evanna Lynch, Irish actress
- August 16 - Sarah-Jeanne Labrosse, Canadian actress
- August 21 - Tess Gaerthé, Dutch singer and actress
- August 28 - Kyle Massey, American actor
- September 4 - Carter Jenkins, American actor
- September 5 - Skandar Keynes, British actor
- September 12 - Kristin Klabunde, American actress
- September 20 - Spencer Locke, American Actress
- September 21 - Zoe Weizenbaum, American actress
- September 25 - Emmy Clarke, American actress
- October 4 - Nicolai Kielstrup, Danish singer
- October 19 - Christopher Gerse, American actor
- October 23 - Sophie Tamiko Oda, Japanese American actress
- October 31 - Jordan-Claire Green, American actress
- November 6 - Camila Finn, Brazilian model
- November 11 - Christa B. Allen, American actress
- November 22 - Saki Shimizu, Japanese singer
- November 30 - Carnell Breeding, American singer
- December 9 - Prince Joachim, Archduke of Austria-Este, Belgian prince
- December 12 - Daniel Magder, Canadian actor
- December 13 - Jay Greenberg, American music composer
- December 19 - Declan Galbraith, British singer
- April 1 - Martha Graham, American dancer and choreographer (b. 1894)
- April 3 - Charles Goren, American bridge player, writer, and columnist (b. 1901)
- April 3 - Graham Greene, English writer (b. 1904)
- April 4
- April 5 - John Tower, former Republican Senator from Texas (b. 1929)
- April 8 - Per "Dead" Yngve Ohlin, vocalist for Mayhem/Morbid (suicide) (b. 1969)
- April 10 - Natalie Schafer, American actress (b. 1900)
- April 19 - Stanley Hawes, British-born Australian film producer, director and administrator (b. 1905)
- April 20 - Steve Marriott, English musician (house fire) (b. 1947)
- April 26 - Carmine Coppola, American composer and conductor (b. 1910)
- April 28
- May 3 - Mohammed Abdel Wahab, Egyptian singer and composer (b. 1907)
- May 8
- May 14 - Jiang Qing, Chinese radical revolutionary (b. 1914)
- May 15 - Andreas Floer, German mathematician (b. 1956)
- May 21 - Rajiv Gandhi, Prime Minister of India (b. 1944)
- May 22 - Derrick Henry Lehmer, American mathematician (b. 1905)
- May 24 - Wilhelm Kempff, German pianist (b. 1895)
- May 27 - Leopold Nowak, Austrian musicologist (b. 1904)
- June 1 - David Ruffin, American singer, The Temptations
- June 3 - Maurice Krafft, (b. 1946) and Katia Krafft (b. 1942), volcanologists
- June 5 - Sylvia Field Porter, American economist and journalist (b. 1913)
- June 9 - Claudio Arrau, Chilean-born pianist (b. 1903)
- June 11 - Cromwell Everson, South African composer (b. 1925)
- June 14 - Peggy Ashcroft, British actress (b. 1907)
- June 15 - Arthur Lewis, British economist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1915)
- June 19 - Jean Arthur, American actress (b. 1900)
- July 1 - Michael Landon, American actor (b. 1936)
- July 4 - Victor Chang, Australian physician (murdered) (b. 1936)
- July 15 - Bert Convy, American game show host, actor, and singer (brain tumor) (b. 1933)
- July 16 - Robert Motherwell, American painter (b. 1915)
- July 18 - André Cools, Belgian politician (assassinated) (b. 1927)
- July 24 - Isaac Bashevis Singer, Polish-born Yiddish writer, Nobel Prize laureate
- July 31 - Baudouin I, King of the Belgians (b. 1930)
- August 1 - Chris Short, American baseball pitcher (b. 1937)
- August 3 - Ali Sabri, Prime Minister of Egypt
- August 4 - Evgeny Dragunov, Russian weapons designer (b. 1920)
- August 5 - Paul Brown, American football coach (b. 1908)
- August 8 - James Irwin, astronaut (b. 1930)
- August 11 - J. D. McDuffie, American race car driver (b. 1938)
- August 13 - James Roosevelt, American businessman and politician (b. 1907)
- August 14 - Richard A. Snelling, Governor of Vermont (b. 1927)
- August 30 - Jean Tinguely, Swiss painter and sculptor (b. 1925)
- August 30 - Cyril Knowles, English footballer and manager (b. 1944)
- September 2 - Alfonso García Robles, Mexican diplomat and politician, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1911)
- September 3 - Dottie West, famous country music singer (b. 1932)
- September 3 - Frank Capra, Italian-born film director (b. 1897)
- September 7 - Edwin McMillan, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1907)
- September 8 - Brad Davis, American actor (AIDS) (b. 1949)
- September 14- Russell Lynes, American art historian, photographer, author and managing editor of Harper's Magazine (b. 1910)
- September 17 - Zino Francescatti, French violinist (b. 1902)
- September 24 - Dr. Seuss, American children's author (b. 1904)
- September 28 - Miles Davis, American jazz trumpeter (b. 1926)
- October 6 - Igor Talkov, Russian singer, poet and composer, author of many anti-soviet songs (b. 1956)
- October 11 - Redd Foxx, American comedian and star of the television show Sanford and Son (b. 1922)
- October 17 - Tennessee Ernie Ford, American singer (b. 1919)
- October 22 - Leonora Knatchbull, daughter of Lord Romsey (b. 1986)
- October 24 - Gene Roddenberry, American television producer, creator of Star Trek (b. 1921)
- November 5 - Robert Maxwell, Slovakian-born media entrepreneur (b. 1923)
- November 18 - Gustáv Husák, Czechoslovakian president (b. 1913)
- November 24 - Eric Carr, American drummer (Kiss) (b. 1950)
- November 24 - Freddie Mercury, Zanzibar-born singer (Queen) (b. 1946)