During the Soviet struggle to establish control over Western Ukraine, NKVD units dressed as UPA fighters and committed atrocities in order to demoralize the civilian population, and to turn the people against nationalist groups
Some of the NKVD units consisted on former UPA members. From the November 1944 NKVD starting usage of so-called “special groups” composed from voluntarily surrendered OUN and UPA members and, sometimes, 1 of NKVD communication officer.
Their tasks were:
As of June 20 1945 such groups were numbered 156 with 1783 of personnel. P 460-464. Since summer 1945 the fact of such group existence also became known for OUN/UPA, thus the NKVD stopped new groups creation and rejoin the existed to lager size formation (initially they can have from 3 to 50 persons depending on task). In 1946-47 such group was formed by MGB. Accordingly to report from 15 February 1949 № 4/001345 from Military Judge of Ukrainian area to Khrushchev, some special groups committed atrocities against the civil population in order to falsify their links with OUN/UPA and summon faked OUN/UPA detachments, sometimes even they exterminate Soviet agents from other region or authority . In many cases such “crimes against Soviet law” were hidden by local regional MGB staff, nevertheless some of such “groups” were prosecuted by Military Court.
In 2008, the Security Service of Ukraine (SBU) has published information about the actions of special groups from the NKVD posing as fighters of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army (UPA) and the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists (OUN) in the western regions of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic during the 1944-1954 period. About 150 such special groups consisting of 1,800 people operated until 1954.
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