Definitions

down-beat

Down Beat

[doun-beet]

Down Beat is an American magazine devoted to "jazz, blues and beyond" to indicate its expansion beyond the jazz realm which it covered exclusively in previous years. The publication was established in 1934 in Chicago, Illinois. It is named after the "downbeat" in music also called the "one beat" or the first beat of a musical measure.

Down Beat publishes results of annual surveys of both its readers and critics in a variety of categories. The Down Beat Jazz Hall of Fame includes winners from both the readers' and critics' poll. The results of the readers' poll are published in the December issue, those of the critics' poll in the August issue.

Well-known features of Down Beat magazine include its "Reviews" section where jazz critics, using a '1-Star to 5-Star' maximum rating system, rate the latest musical recordings, vintage recordings, and books; articles on individual musicians and music forms; and its famous "Blindfold Test" column, in a which a musician listens to records by other artists, tries to guess who they are, and rates them using the 5-star maximum rating system. Musicians that get 50% right on the "Blindfold Test" do better than average.

In April 1979, Down Beat went to a monthly schedule for the first time since 1939.

Down Beat Jazz Hall of Fame

The Down Beat Jazz Hall of Fame is maintained at Universal Studios' City Jazz club in Orlando, Florida. Current membership, by year, is listed in the following table. The critics' poll was not initiated until 1961, so winners before then were all chosen by readers' polls. Although they have many members in common, the Down Beat Jazz Hall of Fame is separate and distinct from the Big Band and Jazz Hall of Fame.

Year Readers Poll Critics Poll
1952 Louis Armstrong
1953 Glenn Miller
1954 Stan Kenton
1955 Charlie Parker
1956 Duke Ellington
1957 Benny Goodman
1958 Count Basie
1959 Lester Young
1960 Dizzy Gillespie
1961 Billie Holiday Coleman Hawkins
1962 Miles Davis Bix Beiderbecke
1963 Thelonious Monk Jelly Roll Morton
1964 Eric Dolphy Art Tatum
1965 John Coltrane Earl Hines
1966 Bud Powell Charlie Christian
1967 Billy Strayhorn Bessie Smith
1968 Wes Montgomery Sidney Bechet & Fats Waller
1969 Ornette Coleman Pee Wee Russell & Jack Teagarden
1970 Jimi Hendrix Johnny Hodges
1971 Charles Mingus Roy Eldridge & Django Reinhardt
1972 Gene Krupa Clifford Brown
1973 Sonny Rollins Fletcher Henderson
1974 Buddy Rich Ben Webster
1975 Cannonball Adderley Cecil Taylor
1976 Woody Herman King Oliver
1977 Paul Desmond Benny Carter
1978 Joe Venuti Rahsaan Roland Kirk
1979 Ella Fitzgerald Lennie Tristano
1980 Dexter Gordon Max Roach
1981 Art Blakey Bill Evans
1982 Art Pepper Fats Navarro
1983 Stéphane Grappelli Albert Ayler
1984 Oscar Peterson Sun Ra
1985 Sarah Vaughan Zoot Sims
1986 Stan Getz Gil Evans
1987 Lionel Hampton Johnny Dodds, Thad Jones, Teddy Wilson
1988 Jaco Pastorius Kenny Clarke
1989 Woody Shaw Chet Baker
1990 Red Rodney Mary Lou Williams
1991 Lee Morgan John Carter
1992 Maynard Ferguson James P. Johnson
1993 Gerry Mulligan Edward Blackwell
1994 Dave Brubeck Frank Zappa
1995 J. J. Johnson Julius Hemphill
1996 Horace Silver Artie Shaw
1997 Nat King Cole Tony Williams
1998 Frank Sinatra Elvin Jones
1999 Milt Jackson Betty Carter
2000 Clark Terry Lester Bowie
2001 Joe Henderson Milt Hinton
2002 Antonio Carlos Jobim John Lewis
2003 Ray Brown Wayne Shorter
2004 McCoy Tyner Roy Haynes
2005 Herbie Hancock Steve Lacy
2006 Jimmy Smith Jackie McLean
2007 Michael Brecker Andrew Hill
2008 Joe Zawinul

Veterans Committee Hall of Fame

2008: Jo Jones, Jimmie Lunceford, Erroll Garner, Harry Carney, Jimmy Blanton

Down Beat Jazz Album of the Year

An essential contribution of the critics' and readers' polls published in the August resp. December issues are the selections for "Jazz Album of the Year", listing the dozen or so most popular albums. Listed here are the top 3 albums of the selections:

2006 critics' poll:
(1) Andrew Hill: Time Lines (Blue Note)
(2) Wayne Shorter Quartet: Beyond The Sound Barrier (Verve)
(3) Sonny Rollins: Without A Song (The 9/11 Concert) (Milestone)

2007 critics' poll:
(1) Ornette Coleman: Sound Grammar (Sound Grammar)
(2) Trio Beyond: Saudades (ECM)
(3) Sonny Rollins: Sonny, Please (Doxy)

2008 critics' poll:
(1) Maria Schneider: Sky Blue (ArtistShare)
(2) Michael Brecker: Pilgrimage (Heads Up)
(3) Joe Lovano and Hank Jones: Kids: Duets Live At Dizzy's Club Coca-Cola (Blue Note)

References

External links

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