The dollar glut
is a term for the accumulation of United States dollars
outside of the United States, contrasted with the dollar gap
that lead to the creation of the Marshall Plan
following World War II
. The eventual shift to a dollar glut forced the end of the gold standard
in the United States and led to the collapse of the Bretton Woods system
The stabilty of the Bretton Woods system came to depend upon the ability of the U.S. government to exchange dollars for gold at $35 an ounce. The American ability to fulfill this commitment began to diminish as the postwar dollar shortage was transformed into an overabundance of dollars, or dollar glut.