Dniprodzerzhynsk, Rus. Dneprodzerzhinsk, city (1989 pop. 282,000), central Ukraine, a port on the Dnieper River. It is a major industrial center with iron and steel, machine tool, chemical, and cement plants. Originally called Kamyanske (Rus. Kamenskoye), it was industrialized in the late 19th cent. and renamed Dniprodzerzhynsk in 1936. A large dam on the Dnieper was completed here in 1964.

Dniprodzerzhynsk (Дніпродзержинськ, Днепродзержинск, Dneprodzerzhinsk) is a city in the Dnipropetrovsk Oblast of Ukraine, and a port on the Dnieper River. First written evidence of settlement on the territory of Dniprodzerzhynsk appeared in 1750. At that time Romankovo and Kamianske (Russian: "Kamenskoe") villages, which make the modern city, were a part of Nova (New) Sich of Zaporizhian cossacks. The city was known as Kamianske until 1936 when it was renamed in honor of Felix Dzerzhynsky, the founder of the Bolshevik secret police, the Cheka. According to the latest data, its population is 273,700.

A Soviet leader, Leonid Brezhnev was born and raised in Dniprodzerzhynsk.

In 1996, a tram derailed on one of the city's streets causing dozens of deaths. That accident has had a significant effect on the worldwide discussion regarding use of trams in the hilly localities.

Dniprodzerzhynsk has a lot of factories and different industries, therefore it is one of the most polluted cities in the world. OJSK "Dniprovskyi iron & steel integrated works" (DMKD) is one of the largest enterprises of ferrous industry in Ukraine.

Social life

Several Eastern Orthodox churches, the largest being the Orthodox Church of Saint Nicholas which dates from 1894 serve the faithful of the city.

The Roman Catholic Church of Saint Nicholas built by the city's Polish community at the end of the nineteenth century, has become one of the centers of Roman Catholicism in Eastern Ukraine.

The town has an active Jewish community with a new synagogue and community center..

A large dam on the Dnieper river was completed in 1964 built by thousands of immigrant workers. Because of these workers, a restaurant culture unique in Ukraine has emerged. A variety of diverse Asian, African, and European influences continue to dominate the food scene in the region.


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