Definitions

diversity

biodiversity

[bahy-oh-di-vur-si-tee, ‐dahy‐]

Quantity of plant and animal species found in a given environment. Sometimes habitat diversity (the variety of places where organisms live) and genetic diversity (the variety of traits expressed within a species) are also considered types of biodiversity. The estimated 3–30 million species on Earth are divided unequally among the world's habitats, with 50–90percnt of the world's species living in tropical regions. The more diverse a habitat, the better chance it has of surviving a change or threat to it, because it is more likely to be able to make a balancing adjustment. Habitats with little biodiversity (e.g., Arctic tundra) are more vulnerable to change. The 1992 Earth Summit resulted in a treaty for the preservation of biodiversity.

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Diversity may refer to:

  • Multiculturalism, the ideology of including people of diverse cultural and religious backgrounds
  • Diversity (politics), the political and social policy of encouraging tolerance for people of different backgrounds
  • Diversity (business), the business tactic which encourages diversity to better serve a heterogeneous customer base
  • Diversity training, the process of educating employees, students or volunteers to function in a diverse environment
  • Biodiversity, the variation of life forms within a given ecosystem
  • Diversity scheme, a method for improving the reliability of message signal by using multiple communications channels
  • Diversity jurisdiction, a concept under which U.S. federal courts can hear suits between parties from different states

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