Direction of the motion in the Northern hemisphere:
Thus northern circumpolar stars move anti-clockwise around the North Star.
At the North Pole, north, east and west are not applicable, the motion is simply left-right, or looking vertically upward, anti-clockwise around the zenith.
For the southern hemisphere, interchange north/south and left/right, and replace North Star by southern celestial pole. The circumpolar stars move clockwise around it. East/west are not interchanged.
At the equator both celestial poles are at the horizon and motion is anti-clockwise (i.e. to the left) around the North Star and clockwise (i.e to the right) around the southern celestial pole. All motion is from east to west, except for the two stationary points.
The daily path of an object on the celestial sphere, including the possible part below the horizon, has a length proportional to the cosine of the declination. Thus the speed of the diurnal motion of a celestial object is this cosine times 15 °/hr = 15'/min = 15"/s, i.e. (compare angular diameter):
Diurnal motion can be seen in time-exposure photography. Circumpolar stars close to the celestial pole move only slowly. Conversely, following the diurnal motion with the camera, to eliminate it on the photograph, can best be done with an equatorial mount, which requires adjusting the right ascension only; a telescope may have a motor to do that automatically (sidereal drive).
Wipo Publishes Patent of Pentax Ricoh Imaging, Makoto Ohta for "Celestial Body Automatic Tracking and Imaging Method and Celestial Body Automatic Tracking and Imaging Device" (Japanese Inventor)
Dec 27, 2012; GENEVA, Dec. 27 -- Publication No. WO/2012/173100 was published on Dec. 20.Title of the invention: "CELESTIAL BODY AUTOMATIC...