Independent study is a form of education offered by many high schools, colleges, and other educational institutions around the world. It is sometimes referred to as directed study. It is most usually when a student and a professor or teacher agree upon a topic for the student to further research outside of school with loose guidance from the instructor for an agreed upon amount of credits.
For elementary and junior high, it is a GATE study where the student receives a packet and must research their topic and formulate and answer questions. At the end, they develop and present a product.