Dies

Dies

[dahyz]
Dies, Martin, Jr., 1901-72, American political leader, b. Colorado, Tex. A lawyer, he represented Texas as a Democratic member of the U.S. House of Representatives (1931-45; 1951-59). He urged Congress to create what became the House Un-American Activities Committee and was its first chairman. The committee was notorious for its exposés of alleged Communist infiltration into U.S. business and government. Dies wrote The Trojan Horse of America (1940).

(born Nov. 5, 1901, Colorado, Texas, U.S.—died Nov. 14, 1972, Lufkin, Texas) U.S. politician. He received a law degree from National University in Washington, D.C. in 1920. After practicing law in Texas, he won a seat in the U.S. House of Representatives (1931–45, 1953–59). Though originally a supporter of the New Deal, by 1937 he had turned against it. In 1938 he was named chairman of the newly created House Un-American Activities Committee; popularly known as the Dies Committee, it pursued alleged communist subversives in New Deal agencies and labour unions. Wheareas conservatives applauded the exposure of supposedly disloyal government and union officials, liberals accused Dies of smearing reputations with unproved charges.

Learn more about Dies, Martin, Jr. with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born Nov. 5, 1901, Colorado, Texas, U.S.—died Nov. 14, 1972, Lufkin, Texas) U.S. politician. He received a law degree from National University in Washington, D.C. in 1920. After practicing law in Texas, he won a seat in the U.S. House of Representatives (1931–45, 1953–59). Though originally a supporter of the New Deal, by 1937 he had turned against it. In 1938 he was named chairman of the newly created House Un-American Activities Committee; popularly known as the Dies Committee, it pursued alleged communist subversives in New Deal agencies and labour unions. Wheareas conservatives applauded the exposure of supposedly disloyal government and union officials, liberals accused Dies of smearing reputations with unproved charges.

Learn more about Dies, Martin, Jr. with a free trial on Britannica.com.

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