Dhule

Dhule

Dhule, city (1991 pop. 278,317), Maharashtra state, W central India, on the Panjhra River. Dhule is a district administrative center. Cotton and woolen goods are manufactured; cigarette factories and oil mills are also important.
Dhule (धुळे) is a city and a municipal council in Dhule district in northwestern part of Maharashtra state, India. Dhule is one of the very few well-planned cities of India before Indian Independence.

Geography

Dhule is located at . It has an average elevation of 240 metres (787 feet).Dhule lies in the Khandesh region, which forms the northwest corner of southern India's Deccan Plateau, in the valley of the Tapi river. Dhule is situated on the banks of the Panzara River (पांझरा).

Demographics

As of 2001 India census, Dhule had a population of 341,473. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Dhule has an average literacy rate of 75%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 80% and, female literacy is 69%. In Dhule, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.

History

Dhule became part of the Mughal Empire in 1601, during the reign of Akbar. In the 18th century Dhule came under Maratha rule. In 1818, Dhule was annexed by the British, and was included in the Bombay Presidency. Dhule city is a well planned city, and it is believed that it was planned by Capt. James Briggs. After Indian independence in 1947, Bombay Presidency became Bombay State, which in 1960 was divided along linguistic lines into the new states of Maharashtra and Gujarat.

Transport

The nearest international airport is Mumbai, though it also has its own domestic airport at Gondur (in dismal condition). Dhule also has a distinction of having railway terminus, which is connected to nearest railway junction at Chalisgaon.In few years, you will be able to travel from Mumbai to Delhi in 5 hours less than those required now, as Manmad-Dhule-Indore railway route has been sanctioned.

While this portion of Maharashtra is of no great significance from point of economics, the single most reason for importance of Dhule to India and Maharashtra is because of its geographical location for road transport industry. Dhule is the city from which the most strategic roads of India criss-cross each other. This is the singular point for road transportation vis-a-vis to Bhusaval or Nagpur in case of Indian Railways. The national highway number 3, popularly known as Mumbai-Agra highway, virtually connects southern India with northern India. And the national highway number 6 on its part connects western India with eastern India.

Education

Dhule city is renowned for its educational heritage. It hosts a big number of educational institutes. Following table names a few of them:
Type Names
Schools J.R. City School
R. K. Chitale Madhyamik Vidhyalay
Unnati Madhyamik Vidhyalay
Jai Hind High School
Kamalabai Shankarlal Kanya Shala
L.M. Sardar Urdu High School & Jr.College
Canossa Convent
New City High School
S.T.T.K Mahajan High School
R.R.Padvi Nutan High School & Jr. College
Chawra English Medium School
North Point High School
Colleges Z.B.Patil College (Formerly, Jai Hind College Of Arts, Science & Commerce)
Jai Hind Junior College
SSVPS's College
Vidya Vardhini College
Palesha College of Commerce
Institute of Management Education (Palesha Campus)
Engineering Colleges SSVPS's College of Engineering
SES College of Engineering
Gangamai College of Engineering
Government Polytechnic
Medical Colleges Shri Bhausaheb Hire Government Medical College
JMF's A.C.P.M Medical College
JMF's A.C.P.M Dental College

Business and economy

The city is a major business hub in the north Maharashtra region. In hey-days it was a one of the major center for textile industry, with both spinning and weaving operations. Textile industry is still alive here though at much smaller scale than past.

Many tiny and small scale industries are in the M.I.D.C. area of Dhule. Dhule is also growing up in Electronics equipments as well as in IT field also.

Agra road is the main street in the city where many important businesses/shops are located. Old Dhule or June Dhule is central place, Subhash Nagar is a business area with shops adjacent to Old Dhule.

Pach-Kandil is the main whole sale market of fruits and vegetables on Agra Road, Pat-bazaar is one of the old vegetable markets near an old canal, which used to run along the river side in the past.

Suzlon Energy, which is one of the largest wind power companies in the world, is presently developing a wind park site near Dhule. It is spread across a vast, undulating expanse. At 1,000 MW Suzlon’s Dhule wind park is poised to take its place among the world’s largest wind parks when complete.

References

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