The organization's goals are to "maximize the trade, investment and development opportunities of developing countries and assist them in their efforts to integrate into the world economy on an equitable basis." (from official website). The creation of the conference was based on concerns of developing countries over the international market, multi-national corporations, and great disparity between developed nations and developing nations.
In the 1970s and 1980s UNCTAD was closely associated with the idea of a New International Economic Order (NIEO).
Currently, UNCTAD has 191 member States and is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland. UNCTAD has 400 staff members and an annual regular budget of approximately US$50 million and US$25 million of extrabudgetary technical assistance funds.
In addition, UNCTAD conducts certain technical cooperation in collaboration with the World Trade Organization through the joint International Trade Centre (ITC), a technical cooperation agency targeting operational and enterprise-oriented aspects of trade development.
|#||Photo||Secretary-General||Dates in office||Country of origin||Remarks||References|
|1||Dr. Raúl Prebisch||1963 – 1969||Argentina|
|2||Mr. Manuel Pérez-Guerrero||1969 – 1974||Venezuela|
|3||Dr. Gamani Corea||1974 – 1984||Sri Lanka|
|4||Mr. Alister McIntyre||1985||Grenada||Officer-in-Charge|
|5||Mr. Kenneth K.S. Dadzie||1986 – 1994||Ghana|
|6||Mr. Carlos Fortin||1994 – 1995||Chile||Officer-in-Charge|
|7||Mr. Rubens Ricupero||1995 – 2004||Brazil|
|8||Mr. Carlos Fortin||2004 – 2005||Chile||Officer-in-Charge|
|9||Dr. Supachai Panitchpakdi||1 September 2005 – present||Thailand|