The Atlantean language is a constructed language created by Marc Okrand for Disney's film Atlantis: The Lost Empire. The language was intended as a possible "mother language" and was therefore invented to have Indo-European word stock with its own grammar ("Production Notes").
To create this, Dr. Okrand took common characteristics of all world languages and applied them to the Proto-Indo-European language. His mains source of words (roots and stems) for the language is Proto-Indo-European, but Okrand also uses ancient Chinese, Biblical Hebrew, Latin and Greek languages, along with a variety of other ancient languages or ancient language reconstructions.
1) Writers Script Adlantis
2) The Atlantean Alphabet ADLANTIS
3) Reader’s Script AHD-luhn-this
They are listed in order of creation. Okrand originally put together the language in Writer’s Script. For those many parts in the movie for which it was written, the filmmakers wrote it using the Atlantean Alphabet, created by John Emerson with the help of Marc Okrand. For those fewer parts of the movie for which it is spoken, Okrand devised a Berlitz-style notation which he hoped would make the Atlantean easier to read for the actors.
1) Spirits of Atlantis, forgive me for defiling your chamber and bringing intruders into the land.
2) Nish.en.top Adlantis.ag, Kelob.tem Gabr.in karok.li.mik bet gim demot.tem net getunos.en.tem bernot.li.mik bet kag.ib lewid.yoh. (Okrand's original wouldn't have had periods; these are used for the translation below.)
3) NEE-shen-toap AHD-luhn-tih-suhg, KEH-loab-tem GAHB-rihn KAH-roak-lih-mihk bet gihm DEH-moat-tem net GEH-tuh-noh-sen-tem behr-NOAT-lih-mihk bet KAH-gihb LEH-wihd-yoakh.
(Spirit.Plural.Vocative Atlantis.Genitive, Chamber.Oblique you-plural-familiar.Genitive defile.Past-Perfect.1st-Person-Singular for and land.Oblique into intruder.Plural.Oblique bring.Past-Perfect.1st-Person-Singular for I-Dative forgive.Imperative-Plural.)
(Written boustrophedon, as if in Atlantean alphabet: )
NISHENTOP ADLANTISAG KELOBTEM
MIG TEB KIMILKORAK NIRBAG
DEMOTTEM NET GETANOSENTEM
BIGAK TEB KIMILTONREB
|Writers Script||uh ah||b||g||d||eh e||w||kh||ee ih||y||k||l||m||oo u||n||oa,oh||p||r||s||sh||t|
20 letters of the Atlantean alphabet are used to write Atlantean in the media of Atlantis: The Lost Empire. The letters c, f, j, q, v, x, z, ch, or th have likewise been acknowledged by the filmmakers as not being used. They were created so that Atlantean might be used as a simple cipher code. They are all also based on diverse ancient characters, just like the rest of the alphabet.
There is no punctuation or capitalization in the Atlantean Writing System. These characteristics are based by Okrand on ancient writing systems. The Atlantean Alphabet is written in normal boustrophedon writing order. It is written left to right for the first line, right to left the second, and left to right again the third, to continue the pattern. This order was also suggested by Okrand, based on ancient writing systems, and it was accepted because, as he explained, "It's a back-and-forth movement, like water, so that worked."
Joe Emerson, Marc Okrand, and the filmmakers also created numerals for 0-9. They are stacked horizontally, however, and hold place values of 1, 20, and 400. Their components are based on Mayan numerals and internally composed for the font (example above) like Roman numerals. If used according to the now-offline Official Website's directions, they are used, alternatively, like Arabic numerals .
|1||din one||din.lag first||din din.lop one whole||din.noh one-at-a-time one-a-piece|
|2||dut two||dut.lag second||din dut.lop one half||dut.noh two-at-a-time two-a-piece|
|3||sey three||sey.dlag third||din sey.dlop one third||sey.noh three-at-a-time three-a-piece|
|4||kut four||kut.lag fourth||din kut.lop one quarter||kut.noh four-at-a-time four-a-piece|
|5||sha five||sha.dlag fifth||din sha.dlop one fifth||sha.noh five-at-a-time five-a-piece|
|6||luk six||luk.lag sixth||din luk.lop one sixth||luk.noh six-at-a-time six-a-piece|
|7||tos seven||tos.lag first||din tos.lop one seventh||tos.noh seven-at-a-time seven-a-piece|
|8||ya eight||ya.dlag eighth||din ya.dlop one eighth||ya.noh eight-at-a-time eight-a-piece|
|9||nit nine||nit.lag ninth||din nit.lop one ninth||nit.noh nine-at-a-time nine-a-piece|
|10||ehep ten||ehep.lag tenth||din ehep.lop one tenth||ehep.noh ten-at-a-time ten-a-piece|
|30||sey dehep thirty||sey dehep.lag thirtieth||din sey dehep.lop one thirtieth||sey dehep.noh thirty-at-a-time thirty-a-piece|
|pronunciation||Readers Script||Writers Script||Example||Meaning||Example||Meaning|
|/i,ɪ/||ee, ih, i||i||tikʌdɜ||to be located||alɪʃ||child|
|/ɑ,ɘ/||ah, uh||a||makɪt.ɘg||of the king|
|/o/||oh, o, oa||o||obɜs||lava|
Atlantean's phonetic inventory includes a vowel system with the above five phonemes, a system common to many languages, such as Spanish. Most vowels have two prominent allophonic realizations, depending on whether it occurs in a stressed or unstressed syllable. Vowels in stressed syllables tend to be tense, and likewise unstressed ones tend to be more lax. Thus, for example, /i/ is realized as [i] or [ɪ] in stressed and unstressed syllables, respectively. Likewise, /e/ is realized as [e] or [ɛ], and so on. (/ɑ/ fits into this pattern as [ɑ] or [ʌ].) There are three diphthongs.
Aside from the stressed-syllable-based vowel system, the only other example of phonology found in the entire language may be expressed as:
0 -> [m,n] in the context of [i,o/e]_-Person/Aspect Suffix
n -> [k,t] in the context of _ [i,o]
|Adverbs of Time, Manner, Location||Log||What|
|Time, Manner, Location Adverbial Nouns||darim||time|
|Instrumental Cased Nouns||shayod.esh||using.hands|
|Nominative Cased Nouns||weydagosen||Visitors|
|Post-positional Objects/ Oblique Cased Nouns||keylob.tem||(in) the chamber|
|Dative/Oblique Cased Nouns||makit.tem||The King|
|Genitive Cased Nouns of Relation||Adlantis.ag||of Atlantis|
|Accusative Cased Nouns||neshing.mok.en.tem||great contrivances|
|Verb with Modal Verb||bernot||to bring|
|Modal Verb [stem.mood.tense/aspect.person/number]||bog.o.mkem||we will be able|
|Interrogative Particle||du||eh? (North Central American English / Canadian English)|
|At what time will we visitors be able to use our very hands to joyfully give our great contrivances to the King of Atlantis in his Royal Chamber?|
There are two given variations on the simple sentence order involving sentence connectors, also called connective particles. These are grammatical particles whose particular roles seen here occurs in Native American languages, among other languages. These Atlantean sentence connectors relate two clauses in a logical yet idiomatic manner which produces a complete thought in the same way that the equally complicated English sentence does. English doesn't use sentence connectors in the following ways, however:
|Clause or Particle||Example||English Gloss|
|Initial Clause||"Wil.tem neb gamos.e.tot..."||"He sees this city..."|
|Sentence connector 1||deg||(roughly) "for"|
|Modifying Clause||duwer.en tirid.||all foreigners.|
|No outsiders may see the city and live. More literally, " 'He Who Doth the City See...' is meant for ALL foreigners.'|
|Clause or Particle||Example||English Gloss|
|Initial Clause||Tab.top, lud.en neb.et kwam gesu bog.e.kem||Father, we cannot help these people|
|Sentence connector 1||deg||(roughly) "and yet"|
|Modifying Clause||yasek.en gesu.go.ntoh.||they will help the Royalty.|
|Father, these people may be able to help us. More literally, "Father, we can't help these people and yet they will help us, the King and Princess."|
|Clause or Particle||Example||English Gloss|
|Descriptive Clause||Ketak.en.tem obes.ag sapoh.e.kik||I view the lava whales|
|Sentence connector 2||yos||(roughly) "then"|
|Action Clause||lat nar badeg.bey tikud.e.tot dap?||where is the best place?|
|Where is the best place from which to view the lava whales?|
There are seven cases for nouns.
|2||Oblique||-tem||yobtem||the crystal give, in the crystal, to the crystal, etc.|
|3||Genitive||-ag||yobag||of the crystal|
|6||Unknown 1||-kup||yobkup||(something) crystal|
|7||Unknown 2||-nuh||yobnuh||(something) crystal|
|Grammatical Function||Suffix||Example||English Gloss|
|Augmentative||-mok||Yobmok||The Great Crystal|
Nouns are marked as plural with the suffix -en. Case suffixes never precede the -en plural suffix. "-Mok" occurs after it.
There are five cases for pronouns.
|2||Accusative||-it||kagit||me, whom was (sent), etc.|
|4||Genitive||-in||tuhin||my (my heart, karod tuhin)|
Verbs are inflected with two suffixes, one for tense/aspect and the next for person/number.
|1||Simple Present Tense||-e||bernot.e.kik||I bring|
|2||Present Perfect Tense||-le||bernot.le.kik||you have brought|
|3||Present Obligatory Tense||-se||bernot.se.kik||I am obliged to bring|
|4||Simple Past Tense||-i||bernot.i.mik||I brought|
|5||Immediate Past Tense||-ib||bernot.ib.mik||I just brought|
|6||Past Perfect Tense||-li||bernot.li.mik||I had brought|
|7||Simple Future Tense||-o||bernot.o.mik||I will bring|
|8||Future Possible Tense||-go||bernot.go.mik||I may bring|
|9||Future Perfect Tense||-lo||bernot.lo.mik||I will have brought|
|10||Future Obligatory Tense||-so||bernot.so.mik||I will be obliged to bring|
|-e||sapoh.i.mik (SJ:10)||I viewed||sapoh.e.kik (ST)||I view|
|-le||yube.in/yugeb.le.tot (IS)||strangly/he is being strange||panneb.le.nen (IS)||you are knowing||peren.le.mot (DVD:MURAL)||Untranslated.||pasil.le.tot (IS)||it is being sufficient|
|-se||kaber (SJ:789)||warn!||kaber.se.kem||we are obliged to warn|
|-i||es.e.tot (ST)||it is||es.i.mot (SJ:10)||it will be|
|-ib||bernot.li.mik (IS)||I had brought||bernot.ib.mik (IS)||I just brought|
|-li||bernot.ib.mik (IS)||I just brought||bernot.li.mik (IS)||I had brought|
|-o||komtib.lo.nen (SJ:5)||you will have found||komtib.o.nen (SJ:5)||you will find|
|-go||satib.yoh (IS)||move along!||satib.go.ntoh (SJ:89)||they may move along||gesu.go.ntoh (IS)||they may help|
|-lo||komtib.o.nen (SJ:5)||you will find||komtib.lo.nen (SJ:5)||you will have found|
|-so||komtib.lo.nen (IS)||you will have found||komtib.so.nen (SJ:5)||you will will be obliged to find|
|1||Imperative Mood Singular||no suffix||(Tok.it) Bernot!||Bring (it, you)!|
|2||Imperative Mood Plural||-yoh||(Tok.it) Bernot.yoh!||Bring (it, y'all)!|
|3||Passive Mood||-esh||(Im.tem shib.an) bernot.esh.ib.mik.||I just was brought (something).|
|Number||Name||Suffix||Example||English Gloss||Example||English Gloss||Example||English Gloss||Example||English Gloss|
|no suffix||nageb.o.ntoh (SJ:789)||they will enter||Nageb.yoh (ST)||Enter, y'all!||Nageb!||Enter!|
|-yoh||gamos.i.mik (DVD:TRAVEL)||I saw||Gamos.yoh! (DVD:MURAL)||May ye behold!||gamos.e (DVD:MURAL)||to see||Beket! (ST)||You're begged!||Beket.yoh! (ST)||Y'all are begged!|
|-esh||pag.en (ST)||you (are) thanked (short form)||pag.esh.e.nen (ST)||you are thanked||dodl.esh.mik (DVD:MURAL)||Untranslated.||kobden.en/hobd.esh.e.tot (IS)||command / he has doomed|
|-e||wegen.os/wegen.e (IS)||traveler/to travel||wegen.os/wegen.e (IS)||traveler/to travel||gamos.yoh (DVD:MURAL)||May ye behold!||gamos.e (DVD:MURAL)||to see||gobeg.en/gobeg.e||arms/to be an arm|
|Person||Number||Familiarity||Independent Pronoun||Suffix||English Gloss|
|3rd||Singular||-||tug tuh tok||-ot||he she it|
There are words for the bizaare animal life around Atlantis, creatures that resemble: ostriches (wemoten), purple lobsters (tuyeben), parrot lizards (yeragosen), lava whales (ketaken obesag), and multiple-eyed purple tigers (bahodmoken). There are about as many names for normal animal life as well, mostly sea creatures on account of their vehicles being fashioned in their shapes.
"Politics and Religion"
There are words for a few elements of the Atlantean political system: city (wil), king (makit), Your Highness (taneb), royalty/judges (yaseken), marker (keran), law (tamar), orderly (laridin), command (kobden), and foreigner (duwer).
There are words for religious and mythological concepts, given in : to defile (karoke), to forgive (lewide), to worship (yadluge), (the old religion: ) Mother Crystal or The Heart of Atlantis (Kerod Adlantisag; tok, it), Yob (Crystal), Peace (Weshekmol), Giants (gonosen), (the decadent religion: ) Lightning/ Odin/ Leviathan the Last of the Mighty War God(desses) (Lot.an, literally "light.ning"; tuh, she), (Pre-1914 religion: ) The Great Flood (Mebelmok) and Nishen (Spirits).
There are words for travel and discovery, such as to be located (tikude), to see (gamose), to discover (komtibe), path (ben), cave (tinemoshep), enclosed (digenmil), lair (pred), to continue (tenite), and to get somewhere (kwetipe)
Given the epic scale of the movie, there's a few words related to serious matters: to kill (gwenoge), to doom (hobde), to be finished (yodene), and to destroy (megide).
There are also quite a few "normal" words, like to be (ese), in (net), on (meg/med), through (pak), and an assortment of modal verbs like to be able (boge). There is no word for "to have".
There is a very full set of measurements and numbers 1-10 with hints at formations for 20 and 30.
However, the majority of the verbs and words seem to be of an everyday nature: to travel along (satib), to come (mase), to walk (galeme), to rush (nuroshe), contrivance (neshingos), marketplace (weser), to cost (mohede), to listen (epkele), to think (kapere), to speak (bashebe), to understand (doyine), tree (denet), person (lud), time (nal/darim/konos), to worship (yadluge), entrance (mannal), chamber (keylob), shelter (tegul), and joyfully (gawidin).
"Family and Anatomy"
There are also a few basic kinship terms, namely father (tab), mother (mat), to be well (mat), and child (alish). "Mother" takes a special kinship vocative suffix: -tim, though "father" takes the usual -top. There are actually no words for man or woman.
Here's the short list of mostly human body parts: eye (okwep), heart (kerod), hand (shayod), arm (gobeg), tail (wibak).
Half of the words have not been diciphered and probably relate to either the history or location of Atlantis as they occur in "The Shepherd's Journal". "The Shepherd's Journal", in reality, amounts to about 2 or 3 pages of actual text and 7 pages of dummy text which repeats fragments of the actual parts.
The vocabulary exhibits a limited yet well-balanced character.