is a cosmetic
medical procedure in which the surface of the epidermis of the skin
(the stratum corneum
) is removed by abrasion
It is used to remove sun-damaged skin and to remove or lessen scars
and dark spots on the skin. The procedure is very painful and usually requires a general anaesthetic
or twilight anaesthesia, in which the patient is still partly conscious Afterward, the skin is very red and raw-looking, and it takes several months for the skin to regrow and heal. Dermabrasion is useful for scar removal when the scar is raised above the surrounding skin, but is less effective with sunken scars.
In the past, dermabrasion was done using a small, sterilized, electric sander. In the past decade, it has become more common to use a CO2 or YAG laser laser. Laser dermabrasion is much easier to control, much easier to gauge, and is practically bloodless compared to classic dermabrasion.