Uttering a statement or declaration which is proven to be false is a crime in many jurisdictions, though usually a separate offence from perjury.
The word declarant, when discussing the hearsay rule and its exceptions, refers to the person who makes an out-of-court statement. For example, if John is on the witness stand and says "Mary said that she was afraid." Mary is the declarant, not John. This concept is important in understanding many applications of the hearsay rule and its exceptions.
But What If the Court Reporter Is Lying? the Right to Confront Hidden Declarants Found in Transcripts of Former Testimony1
Jul 01, 2010; Prior to 2004, it was fairly simple for the prosecution in a criminal case to overcome a Confrontation Clause objection when...
The Eleventh Circuit Finds No Fraud on the PTO Where Declarant Had No Personal Knowledge of Use of Similar Marks
Nov 13, 2012; Addressing the cancellation of four word marks based on alleged fraud on the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (PTO), the United...