A funeral march
or dead march
is a march
, usually in a minor key
, in a slow "simple duple" metre
, imitating the solemn pace of a funeral procession. Some such marches are often considered appropriate for use during funerals
and other sombre occasions.
- The funeral march for piano written by Frédéric Chopin in 1837, which became the 3rd movement of his Piano Sonata No. 2 in B flat minor, op. 35 and the theme for his Marche funèbre in C minor, Op. 72 No. 2. (This is probably the best-known and most famous funeral march with many appearances in popular culture, such as cartoons and/or computer games).
- The Dead March from Saul by George Frideric Handel
- The Funeral March in Memory of Rikard Nordraak by Edvard Grieg
- The second movement of Ludwig van Beethoven's Symphony No. 3 (Eroica)
- The third movement of Beethoven's Piano Sonata No. 12 (written in the key of A-flat minor with a middle section in A-flat major).
- The "Funeral March" from the incidental music for A Midsummer Night's Dream by Felix Mendelssohn
- The Funeral March for the Final Scene of Hamlet by Hector Berlioz
- The Marche funèbre second movement of Charles-Valentin Alkan's Symphony for solo piano, Op. 39 No. 5
- Siegfried's Funeral March from Götterdämmerung by Richard Wagner
- The fourth movement of Alexander Scriabin's Piano Sonata No. 1
- The Trauermarsch opening movement of Mahler's Symphony No. 5.
- The song "Der Tamboursg'sell" from Des Knaben Wunderhorn, by Gustav Mahler
- The ninth variation from Benjamin Britten's Variations on a Theme of Frank Bridge, Op. 10
- The third movement of Mahler's first symphony, based on the children's song Frère Jacques.
- The 2nd movement of Brahms' Deutsches Requiem has the characteristics of a Funeral March but is in a slow triple metre.
- The "Funeral March": Adagio Molto from Shostakovich's String Quartet No. 15
- The Trauermarsch written by Anton Diabelli in memory of Michael Haydn for solo classical guitar.
- The "Funeral Music" for Akhnaten's father in Act I of the opera Akhnaten, by Philip Glass.
- The funeral march for Lìu in the opera Turandot, by Giacomo Puccini
- A funeral march for Napoleon Bonaparte, in Háry János, by Zoltán Kodály (after Napoleon has been defeated by the hero Háry János)
- The funeral march from Fibich's opera "The Bride of Messina"
- The funeral march during Tybalt's death in Prokofiev's opera Romeo and Juliet
Examples in Contemporary Music