Dead, Book of the: see Book of the Dead.

Caches of ancient, mostly Hebrew, manuscripts found at several sites on the northwestern shore of the Dead Sea (1947–56). The writings date from between the 3rd century BC and the 2nd century AD and total 800–900 manuscripts in 15,000 fragments. Many scholars believe that those deposited in 11 caves near the ruins of Qumrān belonged to a sectarian community whom most scholars believe were Essenes, though other scholars suggest Sadducees or Zealots. The community rejected the rest of the Jewish people and saw the world as sharply divided between good and evil. They cultivated a communal life of ritual purity, called the “Union,” led by a messianic “Teacher of Righteousness.” The Dead Sea Scrolls as a whole represent a wider spectrum of Jewish belief and may have been the contents of libraries from Jerusalem hidden during the war of AD 66–73. They also cast new light on the emergence of Christianity and the relationship of early Christian and Jewish religious traditions. Seealso Damascus Document.

Learn more about Dead Sea Scrolls with a free trial on

Arabic Al-Bahsubdotr al-Mayyit Hebrew Yam Ha Melahsubdot ancient Lacus Asphaltites

Landlocked salt lake between Israel and Jordan. The lowest body of water on Earth, it averages about 1,312 ft (400 m) below sea level. It is 50 mi (80 km) long and up to 11 mi (18 km) wide. Its eastern shore is Jordanian, while the southern half of its western shore is Israeli; the northern half of the western shore is within the West Bank, occupied by Israel since the Six-Day War (1967). The Dead Sea lies between Judaea to the west and the Transjordanian plateaus to the east; the Jordan River flows in from the north. It has been associated with biblical history since the time of Abraham.

Learn more about Dead Sea with a free trial on

Ancient Egyptian collection of mortuary texts made up of spells and charms and placed in tombs to aid the deceased in the next world. It was probably compiled and reedited during the 16th century BC. Later compilations included hymns to Re. Scribes produced and sold copies, often colorfully illustrated, for burial use. Of the many extant copies, none contains all of the approximately 200 known chapters.

Learn more about Book of the Dead with a free trial on

Live/Dead is the first official live album released by the San Francisco-based band Grateful Dead. It was recorded over a series of live concerts in early 1969 and released later in the year on November 10. At the time of its release, Robert Christgau wrote that parts of the album contained "the finest rock improvisation ever recorded." A landmark live album that captured the Grateful Dead's improvisations at their best – Allmusic would write that "Few recordings have ever represented the essence of an artist in performance as faithfully as Live/Dead" – it is also the final album with keyboardist Tom Constanten.


The songs were recorded with a mobile 16-track studio. Owsley "Bear" Stanley also asked Ron Wickersham to invent a mic splitter that fed both into the PA and the record inputs with no loss in quality. "Dark Star" and "St. Stephen" pairing was taken from the February 27, 1969 show at the Fillmore West; "The Eleven" and "Turn On Your Lovelight" were from the January 26, 1969 show at the Avalon Ballroom; "Death Don't Have No Mercy," "Feedback," and "And We Bid You Goodnight" were from the March 2, 1969 show at the Fillmore West.

Unlike in later years, in early 1969 the contents of the Dead's set lists varied little. They improvised the medley of "Dark Star"/"St. Stephen"/"The Eleven" several times a week, which enabled them to explore widely within the songs' simple frameworks. The album was a financial success for the band in the eyes of their label, Warner Bros. Constanten had commented that "Warner Bros. had pointed out that they had sunk $100,000-plus into Aoxomoxoa ... so someone had the idea that if we sent them a double live album, three discs for the price of one wouldn't be such a bad deal."

Track listing

Side one

  1. "Dark Star" (Grateful Dead, Hunter) – 23:18

Side two

  1. "St. Stephen" (Hunter, Garcia, Lesh) – 6:31
  2. "The Eleven" (Hunter, Lesh) – 9:18

Side three

  1. "Turn On Your Love Light" (Scott, Malone) – 15:05

Side four

  1. "Death Don't Have No Mercy" (Davis) – 10:28
  2. "Feedback" (McGannahan Skjellyfetti) – 7:49
  3. "And We Bid You Goodnight" (traditional arrangement) – 3:13

2003 Reissue

  1. "Dark Star"
  2. "St. Stephen"
  3. "The Eleven"
  4. "Turn On Your Lovelight"
  5. "Death Don't Have No Mercy"
  6. "Feedback"
  7. "And We Bid You Goodnight"
  8. "Dark Star"
    • Bonus track, Radio edit/single version.
  9. "Live/Dead Radio promo"
    • Bonus track.

Musical Personnel

Grateful Dead:


  • Robert Hunter - songwriter
  • Bob Matthews - engineer, producer
  • Betty Cantor - producer, engineer
  • R.D. Thomas - cover art


Billboard chart
Year Chart Position
1970 Pop Albums 64
RIAA certification
Certification Date
Gold August 24, 2001


  • The first 1:34 of "Dark Star" can be found on the previous track, "Mountains of the Moon" on The Complete Fillmore West 1969.

See also


Search another word or see deadon Dictionary | Thesaurus |Spanish
Copyright © 2015, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature