Her fame spread throughout Europe following a sensational success in London in 1841, and became particularly associated with the works of Racine, Voltaire, and Corneille, touring in Brussels, Berlin, and St. Petersburg. She created the title role in Eugène Scribe's Adrienne Lecouvreur. Her acting style was characterized by clear diction and economy of gesture, and represented a major change from the exaggerated style of those days. She was best known for her portrayal of the title rôle in Phèdre. Eliza Rachel, as the actress was also known, was reportedly a great tragédienne.
She became the mistress of Napoleon I's son, Alexandre Joseph Count Colonna-Walewski, and together they had a son Alexandre Colonna-Walewski in 1844. In England, Rachel briefly had an affair with Louis Napoleon Bonaparte, later Napoleon III as well as with Napoléon Joseph Charles Paul Bonaparte.
Rachel never married, although she had many lovers. When Walewski upbraided her for not remaining faithful to him, she retorted, "I am as I am; I prefer renters to owners."
Her health declined after a long tour of Russia. She died of tuberculosis in Le Cannet, Alpes-Maritimes, France. She is buried in a mausoleum in the Jewish part of Père Lachaise Cemetery. The English theatre critic James Agate published an excellent biography of her in 1928.
Rachel, a light tannish colour, primarily for face-powder used in artificial light, is named after her; the raschel knitting-machine is according to the OED also named after her.
At the Théâtre Français:
Anonymous. Rachel et la Comédie Française. Brussels, 1842.
de B---, Madame, Memoirs of Rachel. London, 1858.
Barthou, Louis, Rachel. (Acteurs et Actrices d’Autrefois.). Paris, 1926.
Brownstein, Rachel, Tragic Muse: Rachel of the Comédie-Française Duke University Press, 1995
Coquatrix, Emile, Rachel à Rouen. Rouen, 1840.
Faucigny-Lucinge, Rachel et son Temps”. Paris, 1910.
Fleischmann, Hector, Rachel Intime: d’après ses lettres d’amour et des documents nouveau. Paris, 1910.
Gautier, Théophile, L’Art Dramatique en France depuis vingt-cinq ans. Six Volumes. Paris, 1859.
Gribble, Francis H.,Rachel: her Stage Life and her Real Life. London, 1911.
d’Heylli, Georges, Journal Intime de la Comédie Française (1852-1871). Paris, 1878.
d’Heylli, Georges, Rachel d’Après sa Correspondance. Paris, 1882.
d’Heylli, Georges, Rachel et la Ristori. Paris, 1902.
d’Heylli, Georges, Rachel et la Ristori. Paris, 1902..
Houssaye, Arsène, Les Confessions: souvenirs d’un demi-siècle. Four Volumes. Paris, 1885.
Janin, Jules, Rachel et la Tragédie. Paris, 1861.
Kennard, Mrs. Arthur, Rachel. Eminent Women Series. London, 1885.
Louvet, A., Mademoiselle Rachel: Etude sur l’Art Dramatique. Paris, 1892.
Martin, Sir Theodore, K.C.B., Monographs: Garrick, Macready, Rachel, etc.”. London, 1906.
Maurice, Charles, Histoire Anecdotique du Theâtre. Paris, 1856.
Maurice, Charles. La Vérité-Rachel: examen du talent de la première tragédienne du Théâtre Français. Paris, 1850.
de Musset, Alfred, Un Souper chez Mademoiselle Rachel– Oeuvres Poshumes. 1839.
de Saint Amand, Imbert, Madame de Girardin [Delphine Gay], avec des lettres inédites de Lamarine, Châteaubrieand, Mlle Rachel”. Paris, 1876
Samson, Mme., Rachel et Samson: souvenirs de thèâtre”. Paris, 1898.
Thomson, Valentine, La Vie Sentimentale de Rachel d’aprè des lettres inédites. Paris, 1900.
Veron, Louis, Mémoires d’un Bourgeois de Paris. Five Volumes. Paris, 1856.
Fully Automatic Identification and Discrimination of Sperm's Parts in Microscopic Images of Stained Human Semen Smear
Jul 01, 2012; ABSTRACT In the last years, digital image processing and analysis are used for computer assisted evaluation of semen quality with...