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de ghelderode

Michel de Ghelderode

[duh gel-duh-rohd]
Michel de Ghelderode (1898 - 1962) was an avant-garde Belgian dramatist, writing in French. He was born on Palm Sunday April 3rd, 1898, as Adhémar-Adolphe-Louis Martens in Ixelles and married in 1924 to Jeanne-Françoise Gérard. He died in Brussels, and is buried in the Laeken cemetery. A prolific writer, he wrote more than sixty plays, a hundred stories, a number of articles on art and folklore and more than 20,000 letters. He is the creator of a fantastic and disturbing, often macabre, grotesque and cruel world filled with mannequins, puppets, devils, masks, skeletons, religious paraphernalia, mysterious old women... etc. His works create an eerie and unsettling atmosphere although they rarely contain anything openly scary. Among his influences are puppet theater, commedia dell'arte and the paintings of fellow Belgian James Ensor. His works often deal with the extremes of human experience, from death and degradation to religious exaltation. His 1934 play La Balade du grand macabre served as inspiration for György Ligeti's opera ''Le Grand Macabre.

Works

Poetry

  • La Corne d'Abondance [The Horn of Abundance] (1925)

Plays

  • La Mort regarde a la fenetre [Death Looks in the Window] (1918)
  • Piet Bouteille (or Oude Piet) (1920)
  • Le Cavalier bizarre [The Strange Rider] (1920 or 1924)
  • Têtes de bois [Blockheads] (1924)
  • Le Miracle dans le faubourg [Miracle in the Suburb] (1924, unedited)
  • Le Mystère de la Passion de Notre-Seigneur Jésus Christ (1924, for marionettes)
  • Duvelor ou la Farce du diable vieux (1925, for marionettes)
  • La Farce de la Mort qui faillit trépasser [The Farce of Death Who Almost Died] (1925)
  • Les Vieillards (1925)
  • La Mort du Docteur Faust (1926)
  • Le massacre des innocents (1926, for marionettes)
  • Images de la vie de saint François d'Assise (1926)
  • Venus (1927)
  • Escurial (1927)
  • Christophe Colomb (1927)
  • La Transfiguration dans le Cirque (1927)
  • Noyade des songes, [Dreams Drowning] (1928)
  • Un soir de pitié [A Night of Pity] (1928)
  • Trois acteurs, un drame... (1928)
  • Don Juan (1928)
  • Barabbas (1928)
  • Fastes d'enfer [Chronicles of Hell] (1929)
  • Pantagleize (1929)
  • Atlantique (1930)
  • Celui qui vendait de la corde de pendu (1930)
  • Godelieve (1930, unedited)
  • Le Ménage de Caroline (1930)
  • Le Sommeil de la raison [The Sleep of Reason] (1930)
  • Le Club des menteurs (ou Le Club des mensonges) [Liar's Club] (1931)
  • La Couronne de fer-blanc (1931)
  • Magie rouge [Red Magic] (1931)
  • Le Voleur d'étoiles [The Star Thief] (1931)
  • Le Chagrin d'Hamlet [The Sorrow of Hamlet] (1932)
  • Vie publique de Pantagleize 1932(?)
  • Arc-en-ciel [Rainbow] (1933)
  • Les Aveugles (1933)
  • Les Femmes au tombeau [The Women at the Tomb] (1933, for marionettes)
  • Le Siège d'Ostende (1933)
  • Adrian et Jusemina (1934)
  • Le Perroquet de Charles Quint [The Parrot of Charles V] (1934)
  • Masques ostendais (1934)
  • La Balade du grand macabre (1934)
  • Sire Halewyn (1934)
  • Mademoiselle Jaïre (1934)
  • Le Soleil se couche... [The Sun Goes Down] (1934)
  • Hop Signor! (1935)
  • Sortie de l'acteur, [Exit the Actor] (1935)
  • La Farce des Ténébreux [The Farce of Shadows] (1936)
  • La Pie sur le gibet [The Magpie on the Gallows] (1937)
  • L'école des bouffons [School for Buffons] (1942)
  • Le Papegay triomphant (1943, unedited)
  • For They Know Not What They Do (1950, unedited)
  • Marie la misérable (1952)
  • Angelic Chorus (1962, unedited)

Prose

  • Voyage Autour de ma Flandre (or Kwiebe-Kwiebus) (1921)
  • L'Histoire Comique de Keizer Karel (1922)
  • La Halte catholique (1922)
  • L'Homme sous l'uniforme [The Man under the Uniform] (1923)
  • L'homme a la moustache d'or [The Man with the Mustache of Gold] (1931)
  • Sortilèges [Spells] (1941)
  • Mes Statues (1943)
  • Choses et gens de chez nous [Things and People from Home] (1943, 2 volumes)
  • La Flandre est un songe (1953)

Letters

  • Correspondance de Michel de Ghelderode 1919-1927
  • Correspondance de Michel de Ghelderode 1928-1931
  • Correspondance de Michel de Ghelderode 1932-1935
  • Correspondance de Michel de Ghelderode 1936-1941
  • Correspondance de Michel de Ghelderode 1942-1945
  • Correspondance de Michel de Ghelderode 1946-1949
  • Correspondance de Michel de Ghelderode 1950-1953

Pseudonymns

  • Philostene Costenoble, Jac Nolan, Babylas

Sources

  • Parsell, David B. (1993) Michel de Ghelderode. New York: Twayne Publishers. 0-8057-43030
  • Ghelderode, Michel de (edited by R. Beyen) (1991-?) Correspondance de Michel de Ghelderode. Bruxelles: Archives du Futur (Tomes 1-7)
  • Willinger, David (2002) Theatrical Gestures of Belgian Modernism. New York: Peter Lang Publishing, Inc. 0-8204-5503-2

External links

  • http://www.ghelderode.be/

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